Tabela com principais espec.
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|R||ELISA, IHC, WB||Rb||Affinity Purified||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-Arginine Vasopressin Receptor V2 Antibody|
|Presentation||Affinity purified immunoglobulin. Liquid in PBS containing 0.1% BSA.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain at -20°C in undiluted aliquots for up to six months. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.|
|Material Size||50 µg|
|Visão geral das referências||Pub Med ID|
|Increased water intake decreases progression of polycystic kidney disease in the PCK rat. |
Nagao, S; Nishii, K; Katsuyama, M; Kurahashi, H; Marunouchi, T; Takahashi, H; Wallace, DP
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN 17 2220-7 2006
Renal enlargement in polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is caused by the proliferation of mural epithelial cells and transepithelial fluid secretion into the cavities of innumerable cysts. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) stimulates the proliferation of human PKD cells in vitro via cAMP-dependent activation of the B-Raf/MEK (MAPK/ERK kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway. ERK activity is elevated in cells that line the cysts in animals with PKD, and AVP receptor antagonists reduce ERK activity and halt disease progression. For suppression of the effect of AVP physiologically, water intake was increased in PCK rats, a model of PKD, and the effect on renal morphology, cellular mechanism, and function was determined. The addition of 5% glucose in the drinking water increased fluid intake approximately 3.5-fold compared with rats that received tap water. In PCK rats, increased water intake for 10 wk reduced urinary AVP excretion (68.3%), and urine osmolality fell below 290 mOsmol/kg. High water intake was associated with reduced renal expression of AVP V2 receptors (41.0%), B-Raf (15.4%), phosphorylated ERK (38.1%), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive renal cells (61.7%). High water intake reduced the kidney/body weight ratio 28.0% and improved renal function. Taken together, these data demonstrate that water intake that is sufficient to cause persistent water diuresis suppresses B-Raf/MEK/ERK activity and decreases cyst and renal volumes in PCK rats. It is suggested that limiting serum AVP levels by increased water intake may be beneficial to some patients with PKD.
|Immunohistochemical localization of V2 vasopressin receptor along the nephron and functional role of luminal V2 receptor in terminal inner medullary collecting ducts. |
Nonoguchi, H, et al.
J. Clin. Invest., 96: 1768-78 (1995) 1995
We investigated immunohistochemical localization of V2 vasopressin receptor along the nephron using a specific polyclonal antibody. Staining was observed in some of thick ascending limbs and all of principal and inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) cells. Not only basolateral but also luminal membrane was stained in collecting ducts, especially in terminal IMCD (tIMCD). To learn the functional role of luminal V2 receptor in tIMCD, we studied the luminal effects of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on osmotic water permeability (Pf), urea permeability (Pu), and cAMP accumulation using isolated perfused rat tIMCD. In the absence of bath AVP, luminal AVP caused a small increase in cAMP accumulation, Pf and Pu, confirming the presence of V2 receptor in the lumen of tIMCD. In contrast, luminal AVP inhibited Pf and Pu by 30-65% in the presence of bath AVP by decreasing cAMP accumulation via V1a or oxytocin receptors and by an unknown mechanism via V2 receptors in the luminal membrane of tIMCD. These data show that V2 receptors are localized not only in the basolateral membrane but also in the luminal membrane of the distal nephron. Luminal AVP acts as a negative feedback system upon the basolateral action of AVP in tIMCD.
|Molecular analysis of vasopressin receptors in the rat nephron. Evidence for alternative splicing of the V2 receptor. |
Firsov, D, et al.
Pflugers Arch., 429: 79-89 (1994) 1994
Expression and regulation of vasopressin V2 and V1a receptors were studied at the mRNA level in the rat kidney. Two V2 mRNA variants were identified and shown to arise from a single gene by alternative splicing using one donor and two different acceptor sites. The long (V2L) form encodes the adenylyl cyclase-coupled receptor. The short (V2S) form lacks the nucleotide sequence encoding the putative seventh transmembrane domain and undergoes a frame shift in its 3'end coding region; it is inactive on the cyclase pathway in transfected cells. Measurement of mRNAs, carried out by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on microdissected nephrons, demonstrated that neither V2L, V2S nor V1A mRNAs are expressed in glomeruli and proximal tubules (< 100 mRNA copies/glomerulus or mm of tubular length), whereas they are present in the ascending limb of Henle's loop and in the collecting tubule. The V2L mRNA, which is always predominant in these structures, is expressed throughout the collecting tubule at 10 times higher levels (30,000 copies/mm) than in the thin and thick ascending limbs. The ratio of the V2S over V2L mRNA is constant (15%) in all nephron segments; hence high V2S levels are only observed in the collecting tubule. The V1A mRNA is slightly expressed in the thin ascending limb, absent in the thick ascending limb and reaches its maximum in the cortical collecting duct (4,000 copies/mm), before gradually decreasing to undetectable levels in the terminal collecting duct. Finally, in vivo administration of a vasopressin V2 agonist decreased by 50% V2L and V2S mRNAs, but did not alter the V1A mRNA level. We conclude that this study provides the quantitation, on a molar basis, of vasopressin receptor mRNAs in kidney tubules and demonstrates the occurrence of two V2 mRNA spliced variants which are similarly down-regulated.
Ficha de dados
|RABBIT ANTI-ARGININE VASOPRESSIN RECEPTOR (AVPR-V2) AFFINITY PURIFIED POLYCLONAL ANTIBODY|