Tabela com principais espec.
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H||HI, IF||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||Protein G Purified immunoglobulin. Liquid in 0.02 M PB, 0.25 M NaCl, pH = 7.6 with 0.1% Na Azide as a preservative|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain at 2°C to 8°C in undiluted aliquots for up to 12 months after date of receipt.|
|Material Size||100 µg|
|Visão geral das referências||Pub Med ID|
|Dengue virus induces and requires glycolysis for optimal replication. |
Fontaine, KA; Sanchez, EL; Camarda, R; Lagunoff, M
Journal of virology 89 2358-66 2015
Viruses rely on host cellular metabolism to provide the energy and biosynthetic building blocks required for their replication. Dengue virus (DENV), a member of the Flaviviridae family, is one of the most important arthropod-borne human pathogens worldwide. We analyzed global intracellular metabolic changes associated with DENV infection of primary human cells. Our metabolic profiling data suggested that central carbon metabolism, particularly glycolysis, is strikingly altered during a time course of DENV infection. Glucose consumption is increased during DENV infection and depriving DENV-infected cells of exogenous glucose had a pronounced impact on viral replication. Furthermore, the expression of both glucose transporter 1 and hexokinase 2, the first enzyme of glycolysis, is upregulated in DENV-infected cells. Pharmacologically inhibiting the glycolytic pathway dramatically reduced DENV RNA synthesis and infectious virion production, revealing a requirement for glycolysis during DENV infection. Thus, these experiments suggest that DENV induces the glycolytic pathway to support efficient viral replication. This study raises the possibility that metabolic inhibitors, such as those that target glycolysis, could be used to treat DENV infection in the future.Approximately 400 million people are infected with dengue virus (DENV) annually, and more than one-third of the global population is at risk of infection. As there are currently no effective vaccines or specific antiviral therapies for DENV, we investigated the impact DENV has on the host cellular metabolome to identify metabolic pathways that are critical for the virus life cycle. We report an essential role for glycolysis during DENV infection. DENV activates the glycolytic pathway, and inhibition of glycolysis significantly blocks infectious DENV production. This study provides further evidence that viral metabolomic analyses can lead to the discovery of novel therapeutic targets to block the replication of medically important human pathogens.
|Sialic acid expression in the mosquito Aedes aegypti and its possible role in dengue virus-vector interactions. |
Cime-Castillo, J; Delannoy, P; Mendoza-Hernández, G; Monroy-Martínez, V; Harduin-Lepers, A; Lanz-Mendoza, H; Hernández-Hernández, Fde L; Zenteno, E; Cabello-Gutiérrez, C; Ruiz-Ordaz, BH
BioMed research international 2015 504187 2015
Dengue fever (DF) is the most prevalent arthropod-borne viral disease which affects humans. DF is caused by the four dengue virus (DENV) serotypes, which are transmitted to the host by the mosquito Aedes aegypti that has key roles in DENV infection, replication, and viral transmission (vector competence). Mosquito saliva also plays an important role during DENV transmission. In this study, we detected the presence of sialic acid (Sia) in Aedes aegypti tissues, which may have an important role during DENV-vector competence. We also identified genome sequences encoding enzymes involved in Sia pathways. The cDNA for Aedes aegypti CMP-Sia synthase (CSAS) was amplified, cloned, and functionally evaluated via the complementation of LEC29.Lec32 CSAS-deficient CHO cells. AedesCSAS-transfected LEC29.Lec32 cells were able to express Sia moieties on the cell surface. Sequences related to α-2,6-sialyltransferase were detected in the Aedes aegypti genome. Likewise, we identified Sia-α-2,6-DENV interactions in different mosquito tissues. In addition, we evaluated the possible role of sialylated molecules in a salivary gland extract during DENV internalization in mammalian cells. The knowledge of early DENV-host interactions could facilitate a better understanding of viral tropism and pathogenesis to allow the development of new strategies for controlling DENV transmission.
|Mutagenesis of the DI/DIII linker in dengue virus envelope protein impairs viral particle assembly. |
de Wispelaere, M; Yang, PL
Journal of virology 86 7072-83 2012
The dengue virus (DV) envelope (E) protein is important in mediating viral entry and assembly of progeny virus during cellular infection. Domains I and III (DI and DIII, respectively) of the DV E protein are connected by a highly conserved but poorly ordered region, the DI/DIII linker. Although the flexibility of the DI/DIII linker is thought to be important for accommodating the structural rearrangements undergone by the E protein during viral entry, the function of the linker in the DV infectious cycle is not well understood. In this study, we performed site-directed mutagenesis on conserved residues in the DI/DIII linker of the DV2 E protein and showed that the resulting mutations had little or no effect on the entry process but greatly affected virus assembly. Biochemical fractionation and immunofluorescence microscopy experiments performed on infectious virus as well as in a virus-like particle (VLP) system indicate that the DI/DIII linker mutants express the DV structural proteins at the sites of particle assembly near the ER but fail to form infectious particles. This defect is not due to disruption of E's interaction with prM and pr in immature and mature virions, respectively. Serial passaging of the DV2 mutant E-Y299F led to the identification of a mutation in the membrane-proximal stem region of E that fully compensates for the assembly defect of this DI/DIII linker mutant. Together, our results suggest a critical and previously unidentified role for the E protein DI/DIII linker region during the DV2 assembly process.
|An analogue of the antibiotic teicoplanin prevents flavivirus entry in vitro. |
De Burghgraeve, T; Kaptein, SJ; Ayala-Nunez, NV; Mondotte, JA; Pastorino, B; Printsevskaya, SS; de Lamballerie, X; Jacobs, M; Preobrazhenskaya, M; Gamarnik, AV; Smit, JM; Neyts, J
PloS one 7 e37244 2012
There is an urgent need for potent inhibitors of dengue virus (DENV) replication for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of infections with this virus. We here report on an aglycon analogue of the antibiotic teicoplanin (code name LCTA-949) that inhibits DENV-induced cytopathic effect (CPE) in a dose-dependent manner. Virus infection was completely inhibited at concentrations that had no adverse effect on the host cells. These findings were corroborated by quantification of viral RNA levels in culture supernatant. Antiviral activity was also observed against other flaviviruses such as the yellow fever virus and the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). In particular, potent antiviral activity was observed against TBEV. Time-of-drug-addition experiments indicated that LCTA-949 inhibits an early stage in the DENV replication cycle; however, a virucidal effect was excluded. This observation was corroborated by the fact that LCTA-949 lacks activity on DENV subgenomic replicon (that does not encode structural proteins) replication. Using a microsopy-based binding and fusion assay employing DiD-labeled viruses, it was shown that LCTA-949 targets the early stage (binding/entry) of the infection. Moreover, LCTA-949 efficiently inhibits infectivity of DENV particles pre-opsonized with antibodies, thus potentially also inhibiting antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE). In conclusion, LCTA-949 exerts in vitro activity against several flaviviruses and does so (as shown for DENV) by interfering with an early step in the viral replication cycle.
|Dissecting the cell entry pathway of dengue virus by single-particle tracking in living cells. |
van der Schaar, HM; Rust, MJ; Chen, C; van der Ende-Metselaar, H; Wilschut, J; Zhuang, X; Smit, JM
PLoS pathogens 4 e1000244 2008
Dengue virus (DENV) is an enveloped RNA virus that causes the most common arthropod-borne infection worldwide. The mechanism by which DENV infects the host cell remains unclear. In this work, we used live-cell imaging and single-virus tracking to investigate the cell entry, endocytic trafficking, and fusion behavior of DENV. Simultaneous tracking of DENV particles and various endocytic markers revealed that DENV enters cells exclusively via clathrin-mediated endocytosis. The virus particles move along the cell surface in a diffusive manner before being captured by a pre-existing clathrin-coated pit. Upon clathrin-mediated entry, DENV particles are transported to Rab5-positive endosomes, which subsequently mature into late endosomes through acquisition of Rab7 and loss of Rab5. Fusion of the viral membrane with the endosomal membrane was primarily detected in late endosomal compartments.Texto completo do artigo
|Characterization of the early events in dengue virus cell entry by biochemical assays and single-virus tracking. |
van der Schaar, HM; Rust, MJ; Waarts, BL; van der Ende-Metselaar, H; Kuhn, RJ; Wilschut, J; Zhuang, X; Smit, JM
Journal of virology 81 12019-28 2007
In this study, we investigated the cell entry characteristics of dengue virus (DENV) type 2 strain S1 on mosquito, BHK-15, and BS-C-1 cells. The concentration of virus particles measured by biochemical assays was found to be substantially higher than the number of infectious particles determined by infectivity assays, leading to an infectious unit-to-particle ratio of approximately 1:2,600 to 1:72,000, depending on the specific assays used. In order to explain this high ratio, we investigated the receptor binding and membrane fusion characteristics of single DENV particles in living cells using real-time fluorescence microscopy. For this purpose, DENV was labeled with the lipophilic fluorescent probe DiD (1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindodicarbocyanine, 4-chlorobenzenesulfonate salt). The surface density of the DiD dye in the viral membrane was sufficiently high to largely quench the fluorescence intensity but still allowed clear detection of single virus particles. Fusion of the viral membrane with the cell membrane was evident as fluorescence dequenching. It was observed that DENV binds very inefficiently to the cells used, explaining at least in part the high infectious unit-to-particle ratio. The particles that did bind to the cells showed different types of transport behavior leading to membrane fusion in both the periphery and perinuclear regions of the cell. Membrane fusion was observed in 1 out of 6 bound virus particles, indicating that a substantial fraction of the virus has the capacity to fuse. DiD dequenching was completely inhibited by ammonium chloride, demonstrating that fusion occurs exclusively from within acidic endosomes.Texto completo do artigo
|Identification of distinct antigenic determinants on dengue-2 virus using monoclonal antibodies. |
Gentry, M K, et al.
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 31: 548-55 (1982) 1982
Monoclonal antibodies directed against antigenic determinants of the New Guinea C strain of dengue-2 virus were obtained from lymphocyte hybridomas produced by fusing immune mouse lymphocytes with mouse myeloma cells. Hybridoma cell culture supernatants were screened by using a radioimmunoassay employing detergent-solubilized dengue-2 infected cell antigens. Monoclonal antibodies in ascitic fluids induced by 22 selected hybridomas were characterized by the hemagglutination-inhibition, plaque reduction neutralization, immunofluorescence, and complement-fixation tests. Both type-specific and broadly cross-reactive antibodies were observed, and immunoglobulin subclasses IgG1 and IgG2a were represented in both groups. At least three distinct antigenic determinants on the virion were defined using these antibodies. A single hybridoma produced antibody which recognized a dengue-2 virus type-specific determinant and exhibited high titered neutralization but had a low titer by hemagglutination inhibition. Four preparations reacted with a type-specific determinant and exhibited hemagglutination inhibition but did not neutralize. Seventeen hybridomas produced antibodies which were broadly cross reactive in all tests. Only two preparations reacted by complement fixation with dengue-2 antigens; both were cross reactive. Immunofluorescence specificity or cross reactivity correlated with neutralization and/or hemagglutination-inhibition. The dengue-2 virus type-specific antibody useful for identification of dengue-2 infected cells by immunofluorescence has been deposited in the Hybridoma Cell Bank of the American Type Culture Collection.
|Dengue virus-specific and flavivirus group determinants identified with monoclonal antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence |
Henchal, E A, et al
Am J Trop Med Hyg, 31:830-6 (1982) 1982
Ficha de dados
|MOUSE ANTI-DENGUE TYPE 2 VIRUS MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY|