Tabla espec. clave
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|Gp, H, R, Rb||WB, IHC||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-Fibronectin Antibody, cellular, clone DH1|
|Presentation||In PBS with 1% BSA and 0.1% sodium azide.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain at +2-8°C for up to 12 months.|
|Material Size||50 µg|
Ficha datos de seguridad (MSDS)
Referencias bibliográficas | 16 Disponible | Ver todas las referencias
|Visión general referencias||Aplicación||Especie||Pub Med ID|
|Expression of myoferlin in human airway epithelium and its role in cell adhesion and zonula occludens-1 expression. |
Leung, C; Shaheen, F; Bernatchez, P; Hackett, TL
PloS one 7 e40478 2012
Normal airway epithelial barrier function is maintained by cell-cell contacts which require the translocation of adhesion proteins at the cell surface, through membrane vesicle trafficking and fusion events. Myoferlin and dysferlin, members of the multiple-C2-domain Ferlin superfamily, have been implicated in membrane fusion processes through the induction of membrane curvature. The objectives of this study were to examine the expression of dysferlin and myoferlin within the human airway and determine the roles of these proteins in airway epithelial homeostasis.The expression of dysferlin and myoferlin were evaluated in normal human airway sections by immunohistochemistry, and primary human airway epithelial cells and fibroblasts by immuno blot. Localization of dysferlin and myoferlin in epithelial cells were determined using confocal microscopy. Functional outcomes analyzed included cell adhesion, protein expression, and cell detachment following dysferlin and myoferlin siRNA knock-down, using the human bronchial epithelial cell line, 16HBE.Primary human airway epithelial cells express both dysferlin and myoferlin whereas fibroblasts isolated from bronchi and the parenchyma only express myoferlin. Expression of dysferlin and myoferlin was further localized within the Golgi, cell cytoplasm and plasma membrane of 16HBE cells using confocal micrscopy. Treatment of 16HBE cells with myoferlin siRNA, but not dysferlin siRNA, resulted in a rounded cell morphology and loss of cell adhesion. This cell shedding following myoferlin knockdown was associated with decreased expression of tight junction molecule, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and increased number of cells positive for apoptotic markers Annexin V and propidium iodide. Cell shedding was not associated with release of the innate inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8.This study demonstrates the heterogeneous expression of myoferlin within epithelial cells and fibroblasts of the respiratory airway. The effect of myoferlin on the expression of ZO-1 in airway epithelial cells indicates its role in membrane fusion events that regulate cell detachment and apoptosis within the airway epithelium.
|Refractive lenticule re-implantation after myopic ReLEx: a feasibility study of stromal restoration after refractive surgery in a rabbit model. |
Angunawela, RI; Riau, AK; Chaurasia, SS; Tan, DT; Mehta, JS
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 53 4975-85 2012
To investigate the potential of refractive lenticule (RL) storage and re-implantation in vivo as a method for reversing RL extraction (ReLEx) and restoring corneal stromal volume.ReLEx [-6.00 diopter (D) correction] was performed on six New Zealand White rabbits in one eye. Each extracted RL was tagged and orientated before storage at -80°C for 28 days. Each RL was then re-implanted autologously in the correct orientation after flap relifting. All animals were monitored for 28 days before being euthanized for immunohistochemical analysis. Unoperated fellow eyes were used as controls. All animals had regular pre- and postoperative slit lamp photography, in vivo confocal microscopy, anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), keratometry, and topography.No intra-operative complications occurred and RL re-implantation was performed without complication. A mild intrastromal haziness was noted on day 3 after re-implantation (corneal haze grade: 2.20 ± 0.45), but corneas were clear on day 28 (0.20 ± 0.27). RL re-implantation restored central corneal thickness, and keratometric and topographic indices to near pre-operative values. Wound healing processes, marked by fibronectin and tenascin, and a few inflammatory cells were present along the re-implanted lenticular interfaces. No myofibroblasts formation, and Ki67- and TUNEL-positive cells were observed in the corneal stroma on postoperative day 28.RL storage and re-implantation is a feasible technique for restoring stromal volume after myopic ReLEx, and may provide a method for restoring tissue in ectatic corneas, or provide an opportunity for further refractive surgery and presbyopic treatment.
|Further expansion of the phenotypic spectrum associated with mutations in ALDH18A1, encoding ?¹-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (P5CS). |
David L Skidmore,David Chitayat,Tim Morgan,Alek Hinek,Bjoern Fischer,Aikaterini Dimopoulou,Gino Somers,William Halliday,Susan Blaser,Yenge Diambomba,Edmond G Lemire,Uwe Kornak,Stephen P Robertson
American journal of medical genetics. Part A 155A 2011
We report on the third case of cutis laxa and progeroid features caused by a homozygous mutation in ALDH18A1 that encodes ?¹-pyrroline-5-carboxylate-synthase (P5CS). This severely affected child, born to consanguineous parents of Pakistani origin, presented with lax, wrinkled and thin skin with dilated and tortuous subcutaneous blood vessels, corneal clouding, and hypotonia. The child had severe global developmental delay and feeding difficulties and died in infancy for an unknown reason. The proband was homozygous for a mutation in ALDH18A1, c.1923?+?1G?>?A which results in the production of two anomalous transcripts that are predicted to encode proteins lacking the catalytic site for the enzyme. The cellular phenotype is characterized by diminished production of collagen types I and III, altered elastin ultrastructure, and diminished cell proliferation of cultured dermal fibroblasts. This severe clinical and cellular phenotype overlaps with a broad group of neurocutaneous syndromes that include cutis laxa type II, wrinkly skin syndrome, de Barsy syndrome, and gerodermia osteodysplastica. The findings presented here emphasize the pleiotropic presentation of this group of conditions and suggest that multiple components of the extracellular matrix are perturbed in these disorders.
|Selegiline is an efficient and potent inducer for bone marrow stromal cell differentiation into neuronal phenotype. |
Mohammad Taghi Ghorbanian,Taki Tiraihi,Seyed A Mesbah-Namin,Yaghoub Fathollahi
Neurological research 32 2010
Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were documented as a feasible candidate for cell therapy. Several protocols with one or more steps, using different chemicals, were used for inducing BMSCs differentiation into neuronal phenotype. Many of these chemicals were reported to be of mutagenic, teratogenic or carcinogenic properties. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the neuronal inductivity of selegiline to BMSCs.
|Serum amyloid P ameliorates radiation-induced oral mucositis and fibrosis. |
Murray, LA; Kramer, MS; Hesson, DP; Watkins, BA; Fey, EG; Argentieri, RL; Shaheen, F; Knight, DA; Sonis, ST
Fibrogenesis & tissue repair 3 11 2010
To evaluate the effect of the anti-fibrotic protein serum amyloid P (SAP) on radiation-induced oral mucositis (OM) and fibrosis in a hamster cheek-pouch model.Hamsters received a single dose of radiation (40 Gy) to the left everted cheek pouch to induce significant OM. The protective therapeutic potential of SAP was evaluated using varying dosing regimens. The extent of OM was measured using a validated six-point scoring scheme ranging from 0 (normal tissue, no mucositis) to 5 (complete ulceration). Fibrotic remodeling was also visualized histologically and quantified at later time points using collagen gene expression.SAP treatment attenuated the profile of radiation-induced oral mucositis by delaying the time of onset, reducing the peak value, and enhancing the resolution of injury. The peak mucositis score was reduced by approximately 0.5 grade in SAP-treated animals. The number of animal days with a score of greater than /= 3 was reduced by 48% in the SAP-treated group, compared with the saline control group (P less than 0.01). SAP also inhibited the extent of tissue remodeling and decreased radiation-induced increases in myofibroblast number. Attenuated collagen deposition and gene expression was also observed in the cheek pouches of hamsters treated with SAP at both 16 and 28 days post-radiation.SAP treatment significantly attenuated radiation-induced injury. In particular, SAP attenuated the severity of OM and inhibited pathogenic remodeling. This suggests that SAP may be a useful therapy for the palliation of side effects observed during treatment for head and neck cancer.
|BMP-7 does not protect against bleomycin-induced lung or skin fibrosis. |
Murray, LA; Hackett, TL; Warner, SM; Shaheen, F; Argentieri, RL; Dudas, P; Farrell, FX; Knight, DA
PloS one 3 e4039 2008
Bone morphogenic protein (BMP)-7 is a member of the BMP family which are structurally and functionally related, and part of the TGFbeta super family of growth factors. BMP-7 has been reported to inhibit renal fibrosis and TGFbeta1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), in part through negative interactions with TGFbeta1 induced Smad 2/3 activation. We utilized in vivo bleomycin-induced fibrosis models in the skin and lung to determine the potential therapeutic effect of BMP-7. We then determined the effect of BMP-7 on TGFbeta1-induced EMT in lung epithelial cells and collagen production by human lung fibroblasts. We show that BMP-7 did not affect bleomycin-induced fibrosis in either the lung or skin in vivo; had no effect on expression of pro-fibrotic genes by human lung fibroblasts, either at rest or following exposure to TGFbeta1; and did not modulate TGFbeta1-induced EMT in human lung epithelial cells. Taken together our data indicates that BMP-7 has no anti-fibrotic effect in lung or skin fibrosis either in vivo or in vitro. This suggests that the therapeutic options for BMP-7 may be confined to the renal compartment.Artículo Texto completo
|Proteolytic digest derived from bovine Ligamentum Nuchae stimulates deposition of new elastin-enriched matrix in cultures and transplants of human dermal fibroblasts. |
Aleksander Hinek, Yanting Wang, Kela Liu, Thomas F Mitts, Felipe Jimenez
Journal of dermatological science 39 155-66 2005
BACKGROUND: Diverse topical products and injectable fillers used for correcting facial wrinkles induce rather short-lived effects because they target replacement of dermal collagen and hyaluronan, matrix components of limited biologic durability. OBJECTIVE: Present studies were aimed at stimulation of fully differentiated human dermal fibroblasts to resume deposition of new extracellular matrix rich of elastin, the most durable and metabolically inert component of dermal ECM. METHODS: We have created a novel proteolytic digest of bovine ligamentum nuchae (ProK-60), and tested its potential biological effect on dermal fibroblasts derived from females of different ages. Northern blots, quantitative immunohistochemistry and metabolic assays were used to assess effects of ProK-60 on proliferation and matrix production in primary cultures of dermal fibroblasts, in cultures of skin explants and after implantation of stimulated fibroblasts into the skin of athymic nude mice. RESULTS: ProK-60 increased proliferation (25-30%) of cultured dermal fibroblasts and significantly enhanced their production of new elastic fibers (>250%) and collagen fibers (100%). These effects were mostly mediated by stimulation of cellular elastin receptor. In contrast, ProK-60 inhibited production of fibronectin (-30%) and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (-50%). ProK-60 also activated proliferation of dermal fibroblasts, mostly derived from the stratum basale and induced deposition of elastic fibers in cultures of skin explants. Moreover, human fibroblasts pre-treated with ProK-60 produced abundant elastic fibers after their injection into the skin of athymic nude mice. CONCLUSION: The described biological effects of ProK-60, including its unique elastogenic property, encourage use of this compound in cosmetic formulations stimulating rejuvenation of aged skin.
|Wnt-dependent beta-catenin signaling is activated after unilateral ureteral obstruction, and recombinant secreted frizzled-related protein 4 alters the progression of renal fibrosis. |
Surendran, K; Schiavi, S; Hruska, KA
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN 16 2373-84 2005
beta-Catenin functions as a transducer of Wnt signals to the nucleus, where it interacts with the T cell factor (TCF) family of DNA binding proteins to regulate gene expression. On the basis of the genes regulated by beta-catenin and TCF in various biologic settings, two predicted functions of beta-catenin/TCF-dependent transcription are to mediate the loss of epithelial polarity and to promote fibroblast activities, such as the increased synthesis of fibronectin during chronic renal disease. These predictions were tested by determination of the expression and function of an inhibitor of Wnt signaling, secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (sFRP4), during renal tubular epithelial injury initiated by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Despite increased sFRP4 gene expression in perivascular regions of injured kidneys, total sFRP4 protein levels decreased after injury. The decreased sFRP4 protein levels after UUO accompanied increased Wnt-dependent beta-catenin signaling in tubular epithelial and interstitial cells, along with increased expression of markers of fibrosis. Administration of recombinant sFRP4 protein caused a reduction in tubular epithelial beta-catenin signaling and suppressed the progression of renal fibrosis, as evidenced by a partial maintenance of E-cadherin mRNA expression and a reduction in the amount of fibronectin and alpha-smooth muscle actin proteins. Furthermore, recombinant sFRP4 reduced the number of myofibroblasts, a central mediator of fibrosis. It is concluded that beta-catenin signaling is activated in tubular epithelial and interstitial cells after renal injury, and recombinant sFRP4 can interfere with epithelial de-differentiation and with fibroblast differentiation and function during progression of renal fibrosis.
|Kynurenate production by cultured human astrocytes. |
C Kiss, G Ceresoli-Borroni, P Guidetti, C L Zielke, H R Zielke, R Schwarcz
Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996) 110 1-14 2003
In the rodent brain, astrocytes are known to be the primary source of kynurenate (KYNA), an endogenous antagonist of both the glycine(B) and the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. In the present study, primary human astrocytes were used to examine the characteristics and regulation of de novo KYNA synthesis in vitro. To this end, cells were exposed to KYNA's bioprecursor L-kynurenine, and newly formed KYNA was recovered from the extracellular milieu. The production of KYNA was stereospecific and rose with increasing L-kynurenine concentrations, reaching a plateau in the high microM range. In an analogous experiment, astrocytes also readily produced and liberated the potent, specific glycine(B) receptor antagonist 7-chlorokynurenate from L-4-chlorokynurenine. KYNA synthesis was dose-dependently reduced by L-leucine or L-phenylalanine, two amino acids that compete with L-kynurenine for cellular uptake, and by aminooxyacetate, a non-specific aminotransferase inhibitor. In contrast, KYNA formation was stimulated by 5 mM pyruvate or oxaloacetate, which act as co-substrates of the transamination reaction. Aglycemic or depolarizing (50 mM KCl or 100 microM veratridine) conditions had no effect on KYNA synthesis. Subsequent studies using tissue homogenate showed that both known cerebral kynurenine aminotransferases (KAT I and KAT II) are present in astrocytes, but that KAT II appears to be singularly responsible for KYNA formation under physiological conditions. Taken together with previous results, these data suggest that very similar mechanisms control KYNA synthesis in the rodent and in the human brain. These regulatory events are likely to influence the neuromodulatory effects of astrocyte-derived KYNA in the normal and diseased human brain.
|Retroviral gene therapy vectors for prevention of excimer laser-induced corneal haze. |
Ashley Behrens, Erlinda M Gordon, Li Li, Peng X Liu, Zhenhai Chen, Hongjun Peng, Laurie La Bree, W French Anderson, Frederick L Hall, Peter J McDonnell
Investigative ophthalmology visual science 43 968-77 2002
PURPOSE: To determine the in vivo efficacy and safety of a retroviral vector bearing an antiproliferative dominant negative mutant cyclin G1 (dnG1) construct, when used for the prevention of corneal haze after phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK). METHODS: For in vivo efficacy studies, a 6-mm-diameter, 150-microm-deep transepithelial PTK, performed with a clinical 193-nm ArF excimer laser (VISX Star2, Santa Clara, CA) was performed on the left eyes of 20 adult New Zealand White rabbits. The surgically altered eyes were subsequently treated with eye drops containing: a retroviral vector bearing a dnG1 construct (dnG1; n = 7), a control retroviral vector (null vector) bearing only the neomycin resistance, neo(r), gene (n = 7), or a retroviral vector bearing an antisense cyclin G1 (aG1) construct (n = 6). The time of closure of the corneal epithelial defect was monitored daily with fluorescein staining. Corneal haze was evaluated before surgery and at 2, 3, and 4 weeks after surgery, with a digital imaging system. Biodistribution studies for detection of potential vector dissemination to nontarget organs were conducted by PCR-based assay. RESULTS: The re-epithelialization rate was similar among treatment groups, with complete closure of the corneal epithelial defect at 72 hours (P > 0.05). Significant corneal haze developed in the null and aG1 vector-treated groups (P or= 0.05) at 3 to 4 weeks after PTK. In contrast, development of corneal haze was inhibited in the dnG1 vector-treated group when compared with the null vector-treated group (P 0.05). In parallel, a dramatic reduction to complete abrogation of abnormal extracellular matrix production was noted in the dnG1 vector-treated corneas when compared with the null and aG1 vector-treated groups. Biodistribution studies showed no evidence of vector dissemination in neighboring and distant organs. CONCLUSIONS: At therapeutic doses, eye drop application of the dnG1 retroviral vector is safe and effective in inhibiting development of corneal haze after PTK in rabbits.
|Decreased elastin deposition and high proliferation of fibroblasts from Costello syndrome are related to functional deficiency in the 67-kD elastin-binding protein. |
A Hinek, A C Smith, E M Cutiongco, J W Callahan, K W Gripp, R Weksberg
American journal of human genetics 66 859-72 2000
Costello syndrome is characterized by mental retardation, loose skin, coarse face, skeletal deformations, cardiomyopathy, and predisposition to numerous malignancies. The genetic origin of Costello syndrome has not yet been defined. Using immunohistochemistry and metabolic labeling with [3H]-valine, we have established that cultured skin fibroblasts obtained from patients with Costello syndrome did not assemble elastic fibers, despite an adequate synthesis of tropoelastin and normal deposition of the microfibrillar scaffold. We found that impaired production of elastic fibers by these fibroblasts is associated with a functional deficiency of the 67-kD elastin-binding protein (EBP), which is normally required to chaperone tropoelastin through the secretory pathways and to its extracellular assembly. Metabolic pulse labeling of the 67-kD EBP with radioactive serine and further chase of this tracer indicated that both normal fibroblasts and fibroblasts from patients with Costello syndrome initially synthesized comparable amounts of this protein; however, the fibroblasts from Costello syndrome patients quickly lost it into the conditioned media. Because the normal association between EBP and tropoelastin can be disrupted on contact with galactosugar-bearing moieties, and the fibroblasts from patients with Costello syndrome revealed an unusual accumulation of chondroitin sulfate-bearing proteoglycans (CD44 and biglycan), we postulate that a chondroitin sulfate may be responsible for shedding EBP from Costello cells and in turn for their impaired elastogenesis. This was further supported by the fact that exposure to chondroitinase ABC, an enzyme capable of chondroitin sulfate degradation, restored normal production of elastic fibers by fibroblasts from patients with Costello syndrome. We also present evidence that loss of EBP from fibroblasts of Costello syndrome patients is associated with an unusually high rate of cellular proliferation.Artículo Texto completo
|Impaired elastic-fiber assembly by fibroblasts from patients with either Morquio B disease or infantile GM1-gangliosidosis is linked to deficiency in the 67-kD spliced variant of beta-galactosidase. |
A Hinek, S Zhang, A C Smith, J W Callahan
American journal of human genetics 67 23-36 2000
We have previously shown that intracellular trafficking and extracellular assembly of tropoelastin into elastic fibers is facilitated by the 67-kD elastin-binding protein identical to an enzymatically inactive, alternatively spliced variant of beta-galactosidase (S-Gal). In the present study, we investigated elastic-fiber assembly in cultures of dermal fibroblasts from patients with either Morquio B disease or GM1-gangliosidosis who bore different mutations of the beta-galactosidase gene. We found that fibroblasts taken from patients with an adult form of GM1-gangliosidosis and from patients with an infantile form, carrying a missense mutations in the beta-galactosidase gene-mutations that caused deficiency in lysosomal beta-galactosidase but not in S-Gal-assembled normal elastic fibers. In contrast, fibroblasts from two cases of infantile GM1-gangliosidosis that bear nonsense mutations of the beta-galactosidase gene, as well as fibroblasts from four patients with Morquio B who had mutations causing deficiency in both forms of beta-galactosidase, did not assemble elastic fibers. We also demonstrated that S-Gal-deficient fibroblasts from patients with either GM1-gangliosidosis or Morquio B can acquire the S-Gal protein, produced by coculturing of Chinese hamster ovary cells permanently transected with S-Gal cDNA, resulting in improved deposition of elastic fibers. The present study provides a novel and natural model validating functional roles of S-Gal in elastogenesis and elucidates an association between impaired elastogenesis and the development of connective-tissue disorders in patients with Morquio B disease and in patients with an infantile form of GM1-gangliosidosis.Artículo Texto completo
|Impaired elastogenesis in Hurler disease: dermatan sulfate accumulation linked to deficiency in elastin-binding protein and elastic fiber assembly. |
Hinek, A; Wilson, SE
The American journal of pathology 156 925-38 2000
Hurler disease resulting from a deficiency in alpha-L-iduronidase, which causes an accumulation of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans, is characterized by connective tissue and skeletal deformations, cardiomyopathy, cardiac valve defects, and progressive coronary artery stenosis. In this report, we present evidence that accumulation of dermatan sulfate but not heparan sulfate moieties is linked to impaired elastic fiber assembly that, in turn, contributes substantially to the development of the clinical phenotype in Hurler disease. Our data suggest that dermatan sulfate-bearing moieties bind to and cause functional inactivation of the 67-kd elastin-binding protein, a molecular chaperone for tropoelastin, which normally facilitates its secretion and assembly into elastic fibers. We demonstrate that, in contrast to normal skin fibroblasts and cells from Sanfilippo disease, which accumulate heparan sulfate, Hurler fibroblasts show reduced expression of elastin-binding protein and do not assemble elastic fibers, despite an adequate synthesis of tropoelastin and sufficient production of a microfibrillar scaffold of elastic fibers. Because cultured Hurler fibroblasts proliferate more quickly than their normal counterparts and the addition of exogenous insoluble elastin reduces their proliferation, we suggest that cell contacts with insoluble elastin play an important role in controlling their proliferation.
|The 67-kDa enzymatically inactive alternatively spliced variant of beta-galactosidase is identical to the elastin/laminin-binding protein. |
S Privitera, C A Prody, J W Callahan, A Hinek
The Journal of biological chemistry 273 6319-26 1998
Our previous studies showed immunological and functional similarities, as well as partial sequence homology, between the enzymatically inactive alternatively spliced variant of human beta-galactosidase (S-gal) and the 67-kDa elastin/laminin-binding protein (EBP) from sheep. To define the genetic origin of the EBP further, a full-length human S-gal cDNA clone was constructed and subjected to in vitro transcription/translation. The cDNA was also transfected into COS-1 cells and into the EBP-deficient smooth muscle cells (SMC) from sheep ductus arteriosus (DA). In vitro translation yielded an unglycosylated form of the S-gal protein, which immunoreacted with anti-beta-galactosidase antibodies and bound to elastin and laminin affinity columns. S-gal cDNA transfections into COS-1 and DA SMC increased expression of a 67-kDa protein that immunolocalized intracellularly and to the cell surface and, when extracted from the cells, bound to elastin. The S-gal-transfected cells displayed increased adherence to elastin-covered dishes, consistent with the cell surface distribution of the newly produced S-gal-encoded protein. Transfection of DA SMC additionally corrected their impaired elastic fiber assembly. These results conclusively identify the 67-kDa splice variant of beta-galactosidase as EBP.
|Analysis of extracellular matrix synthesis during wound healing of retinal pigment epithelial cells. |
M Kamei, A Kawasaki, Y Tano
Microscopy research and technique 42 311-6 1998
To investigate changes in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells during wound healing, we evaluated the deposition of newly synthesized extracellular matrix (ECM) over time during wound healing in rat RPE cultures. We also estimated the effect of growth factors on the healing rate and ECM synthesis. After preparing rat RPE cell sheet cultures, we made round 1-mm defects in the cultures. Fibronectin, laminin, and collagen IV synthesis were evaluated with immunocytochemistry every 12 hours after wounding. S-phase cell distribution was analyzed every 12 hours by 5-bromodeoxyuridine uptake. We added either platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), or transforming growth factor- beta2 (TGF-beta2) to cultures at concentrations of 1, 10, and 100 ng/mL and immunocytochemically analyzed the effects on ECM and estimated the rate of wound closure. Although approximately 50% closure was achieved 24 hours after wounding, fibronectin deposits first appeared at that time. Laminin and collagen IV were first detected at 36 hours and fibronectin staining had extended toward the wound center. S-phase cells were distributed in concentric rings that moved centripetally over time and corresponded to the leading edge of the area stained with anti-ECM antibodies. TGF-beta2 enhanced ECM deposition, but EGF and PDGF did not. TGF-beta2 decreased the healing rate in a dose-dependent manner, whereas PDGF promoted wound closure. EGF enhanced closure at the highest concentration only. In summary, wound healing in RPE may be initiated when cells at the wound edge slide or migrate toward the wound center, which is followed by cell proliferation and then ECM synthesis. ECM components may be produced in a specific sequence during healing. TGF-beta2 may promote RPE cell differentiation, and PDGF may enhance proliferation during wound healing of the RPE.
|Corneal wound healing and nerve morphology after excimer laser in situ keratomileusis in human eyes. |
Latvala, T, et al.
Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995), 12: 677-83 (1996) 1996
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to describe wound healing and nerve regeneration in the human cornea after excimer laser in situ keratomileusis. METHODS: Excimer laser in situ keratomileusis was done in three human eyes 8 days, 54 days, and 4 months prior to enucleation. Acetylcholinesterase reaction was used to histochemically demonstrate the corneal nerves. Immunohistochemical methods were used to demonstrate the following wound healing proteins: cellular fibronectin, tenascin, transforming growth factor-beta 1, and alpha-smooth muscle actin. RESULTS: All corneas healed without complication. No epithelial hyperplasia appeared and the Bowman's layer was smooth and acellular. An epithelial plug extending up to 100-300 microns under the flap margins was seen in all specimens. Regenerative nerve fiber bundles emerging from sharply cut anterior stromal nerves were observed, but the deeper nerves were normal. Restricted expression of fibronectin and tenascin was found at the wound area. All corneal cell types were positive for transforming growth factor-beta 1 antibody. Cells lining the limbal vessels were positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin antibody whereas the corneal cells were negative. CONCLUSIONS: The nerve morphology showed only a few abnormalities, especially in deep stromal nerves. Epithelial plugs at the flap margins may maintain a delayed wound healing process for several months but otherwise the process remained active for a relatively short time.
|Human Stem Cell Systems|
|Anti-Fibronectin, cellular, clone DH1 - Data Sheet|