Tabla espec. clave
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H||IHC, FUNC||M||Ascites||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-Integrin α5 Antibody, clone P1D6|
|Presentation||UnPurified scites containing no preservatives.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||100 µL|
Ficha datos de seguridad (MSDS)
|Cargo||Número de lote|
|MOUSE ANTI-HUMAN INTEGRIN alpha 5 MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY - 2384716||2384716|
|MOUSE ANTI-HUMAN INTEGRIN alpha 5 -2517769||2517769|
|MOUSE ANTI-HUMAN INTEGRIN alpha 5 -2770802||2770802|
|MOUSE ANTI-HUMAN INTEGRIN alpha 5 MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY - 2136622||2136622|
Referencias bibliográficas | 12 Disponible | Ver todas las referencias
|Visión general referencias||Pub Med ID|
|Using Self-Assembled Monolayers To Understand α8β1- Mediated Cell Adhesion to RGD and FEI Motifs in Nephronectin. |
Sánchez-Cortés J, Mrksich M
ACS chemical biology 6 1078-86. Epub 2011 Aug 12. 2011
Nephronectin is an extracellular matrix protein that interacts with the α8β1 integrin receptor and plays a role in tissue and organ development, though the motifs that mediate adhesion to the receptor remain unclear. This paper describes the use of self-assembled monolayers to study the adhesion of α8β1-presenting cells to the RGD and DLFEIFEIER ligands in nephronectin and found that both ligands can independently mediate cell adhesion through nonoverlapping binding sites on the integrin. Peptide truncation experiments showed FEI to be the minimal binding sequence within the DLFEIFEIER sequence, and adhesion experiments with peptides that include both the RGD and FEI sequences demonstrate that the two peptides bind synergistically to the receptor. Finally, a peptide array was used to establish a strict requirement for the glutamate residue of FEI and tolerance of other aromatic and hydrophobic residues in the first and third positions, respectively. This work provides an enhanced understanding of the binding of nephronectin with α8β1 and identifies a peptide ligand that can be used for targeting the α8β1 integrin.Artículo Texto completo
|Mechanical regulation of proteoglycan synthesis in normal and osteoarthritic human articular chondrocytes--roles for alpha5 and alphaVbeta5 integrins. |
M Maruo Holledge,S J Millward-Sadler,G Nuki,D M Salter
Biorheology 45 2008
The importance of biomechanical forces in regulating normal chondrocyte metabolism is well established and the mechanisms whereby mechanical forces are transduced into biochemical responses by chondrocytes are beginning to be understood. Previous studies have indicated that cyclical mechanical stimulation induces increased aggrecan gene expression in normal but not osteoarthritic chondrocytes in monolayer. It remains unclear, however, whether these effects on gene expression are associated with changes in proteoglycan production and whether any changes in proteoglycan expression is dependent on integrins or integrin associated proteins. Normal and osteoarthritic articular chondrocytes in monolayer were exposed to 0.33 Hz mechanical stimulation for 20 min in the absence or presence of function modifying anti-integrin antibodies. Following stimulation GAG and proteoglycan (PG) synthesis was assessed by DMMB assay and western blotting. Mechanical stimulation of normal chondrocytes resulted in increased GAG synthesis that was blocked by the presence of antibodies to alpha5 and alphaVbeta5 integrins and CD47. Electrophoretic patterns of PGs released from normal chondrocytes following mechanical stimulation showed an increase in newly-synthesized aggrecan that was not fragmented or degraded. Chondrocytes from osteoarthritic cartilage showed lower levels of GAG production when compared to normal chondrocytes and synthesis was not influenced by mechanical stimulation. These studies show that chondrocytes derived from normal and OA cartilage have different matrix production responses to mechanical stimulation and suggest previously unrecognised roles for alphaVbeta5 integrin in regulation of chondrocyte responses to biomechanical stimulation.
|Integrin alpha2-mediated ERK and calpain activation play a critical role in cell adhesion and motility via focal adhesion kinase signaling: identification of a novel signaling pathway |
Sawhney, Rajinder S, et al
J Biol Chem, 281:8497-510 (2006) 2006
|Design of a novel fibronectin-mimetic peptide-amphiphile for functionalized biomaterials. |
Mardilovich, Anastasia, et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 22: 3259-64 (2006) 2006
The interaction of the alpha5beta1 integrin with its ligand, fibronectin, supports numerous adhesive functions and has an important role in health and disease. In recent years, there has been a considerable effort in designing fibronectin-mimetic peptides to target the integrin. However, to date, the therapeutic use of these peptides has been limited, as they cannot accurately mimic fibronectin's binding affinity for alpha5beta1. A peptide-amphiphile (PR_b) was synthesized with a peptide headgroup composed of four building blocks: a spacer; RGDSP, the primary recognition site for alpha5beta1; PHSRN, the synergy binding site; and a linker. The linker was designed to mimic two important criteria: the distance and the hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity between PHSRN and RGD in fibronectin. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were seeded on different substrates and evaluated in terms of adhesion, spreading, specificity, cytoskeleton organization, focal adhesions, and secretion of extracellular fibronectin. This peptide was shown to perform comparably to fibronectin, indicating that a biomimetic approach can result in the design of novel peptides with therapeutic potential for biomaterial functionalization.
|Beta1-integrins mediate enhancement of human airway smooth muscle proliferation by collagen and fibronectin |
Nguyen TTB, Ward JPT and Hirst SJ.
Am J Resp Crit Care Med. , 171(3):217-223 (2005) 2005
|Integrins modulate fast excitatory transmission at hippocampal synapses. |
Kramár, EA; Bernard, JA; Gall, CM; Lynch, G
The Journal of biological chemistry 278 10722-30 2003
The present study provides the first evidence that adhesion receptors belonging to the integrin family modulate excitatory transmission in the adult rat brain. Infusion of an integrin ligand (the peptide GRGDSP) into rat hippocampal slices reversibly increased the slope and amplitude of excitatory postsynaptic potentials. This effect was not accompanied by changes in paired pulse facilitation, a test for perturbations to transmitter release, or affected by suppression of inhibitory responses, suggesting by exclusion that alterations to alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA)-type glutamate receptors cause the enhanced responses. A mixture of function-blocking antibodies to integrin subunits alpha(3), alpha(5), and alpha(v) blocked ligand effects on synaptic responses. The ligand-induced increases were (i) blocked by inhibitors of Src tyrosine kinase, antagonists of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors, and inhibitors of calcium calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II and (ii) accompanied by phosphorylation of both the Thr(286) site on calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II and the Ser(831) site on the GluR1 subunit of the AMPA receptor. N-Methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonists blocked the latter two phosphorylation events, but Src kinase inhibitors did not. These results point to the conclusion that synaptic integrins regulate glutamatergic transmission and suggest that they do this by activating two signaling pathways directed at AMPA receptors.
|Developmental and regional differences in the consolidation of long-term potentiation. |
E A Kramár, G Lynch
Neuroscience 118 387-98 2003
The alpha5beta1 integrin is present in high concentrations in the apical dendrites of pyramidal neurons in adult rats but is virtually absent in the basal dendrites. Moreover, alpha5beta1 does not appear in apical dendritic branches until the third post-natal week. Given that integrins contribute to the consolidation of synaptic plasticity, these results raise the possibility of developmental and regional differences in the stability of long-term potentiation (LTP). The present study tested this point using a LTP reversal paradigm in field CA1 of hippocampal slices. In accord with earlier reports, low-frequency afferent stimulation (5 Hz) introduced 30 s after theta burst stimulation (TBS) completely reversed LTP but was ineffective 30 min and 60 min later in slices from adult rats. The same low-frequency trains caused a partial reversal of LTP when applied 30 and 60 min post-TBS in slices from 21-day-old rats and a complete reversal at all time points in slices from 10-day-old rats. LTP in the basal dendrites of adult rats did not fully consolidate; i.e. potentiation was partially reversed by low-frequency stimulation even after delays of 30 or 60 min. Moreover, spaced (10 min) applications of 5- Hz pulses beginning at 30 min post-TBS completely erased LTP. The reversal effect in both apical and basal dendrites was blocked by N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor antagonists but an integrin antagonist had differential effects across the two dendritic domains. These results constitute evidence that the stability of LTP increases with age in the apical dendrites but remains incomplete even in adulthood in the basal dendrites. The possibilities that the developmental and regional variations in LTP consolidation are correlated with integrin expression and linked to different types of memory processing are discussed.
|Mutations in the heparin binding domain of fibronectin in cooperation with the V region induce decreases in pp125(FAK) levels plus proteoglycan-mediated apoptosis via caspases. |
Kapila, Y L, et al.
J. Biol. Chem., 274: 30906-13 (1999) 1999
Intact fibronectin (FN) protects cells from apoptosis. When FN is fragmented, specific domains induce proteinase expression in fibroblasts. However, it is not known whether specific domains of FN can also regulate apoptosis. We exposed fibroblasts to four recombinant FN fragments and then assayed for apoptosis using criteria of cellular shape change, condensed nuclear morphology, and DNA fragmentation. The fragments extended from the RGD-containing repeat III10 to III15; they included (V(+)) or excluded (V(-)) the alternatively spliced V region and contained either a mutated (H(-)) or an unmutated (H(+)) heparin binding domain. Only the V(+)H(-) fragment triggered decreases in pp125(FAK) levels and apoptosis, which was rescued by intact FN and inhibitors of caspase-1 and caspase-3. This apoptotic mechanism was mediated by a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, since treating cells with chondroitin sulfate or chondroitinase reversed the apoptotic cell shape changes. The alpha4 integrin receptor may also be involved, since using a blocking antibody to alpha4 alone induced apoptotic cell shape changes, whereas co-treatment with this antibody plus V(+)H(+) reversed these effects. These results demonstrate that the V and heparin binding domains of FN modulate pp125(FAK) levels and regulate apoptosis through a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan- and possibly alpha4 integrin-mediated pathway, which triggers a caspase cascade.
|Fibronectin fragments modulate monocyte VLA-5 expression and monocyte migration. |
Trial, J; Baughn, RE; Wygant, JN; McIntyre, BW; Birdsall, HH; Youker, KA; Evans, A; Entman, ML; Rossen, RD
The Journal of clinical investigation 104 419-30 1999
To identify the mechanisms that cause monocyte localization in infarcted myocardium, we studied the impact of ischemia-reperfusion injury on the surface expression and function of the monocyte fibronectin (FN) receptor VLA-5 (alpha(5)beta(1) integrin, CD49e/CD29). Myocardial infarction was associated with the release of FN fragments into cardiac extracellular fluids. Incubating monocytes with postreperfusion cardiac lymph that contained these FN fragments selectively reduced expression of VLA-5, an effect suppressed by specific immunoadsorption of the fragments. Treating monocytes with purified, 120-kDa cell-binding FN fragments (FN120) likewise decreased VLA-5 expression, and did so by inducing a serine proteinase-dependent proteolysis of this beta(1) integrin. We postulated that changes in VLA-5 expression, which were induced by interactions with cell-binding FN fragments, may alter monocyte migration into tissue FN, a prominent component of the cardiac extracellular matrix. Support for this hypothesis came from experiments showing that FN120 treatment significantly reduced both spontaneous and MCP-1-induced monocyte migration on an FN-impregnated collagen matrix. In vivo, it is likely that contact with cell-binding FN fragments also modulates VLA-5/FN adhesive interactions, and this causes monocytes to accumulate at sites where the fragment concentration is sufficient to ensure proteolytic degradation of VLA-5.
|Regulation of integrin function: evidence that bivalent-cation-induced conformational changes lead to the unmasking of ligand-binding sites within integrin alpha5 beta1. |
Mould, A P, et al.
Biochem. J., 331 ( Pt 3): 821-8 (1998) 1998
The molecular mechanisms that regulate integrin-ligand binding are unknown; however, bivalent cations are essential for integrin activity. According to recent models of integrin tertiary structure, sites involved in ligand recognition are located on the upper face of the seven-bladed beta-propeller formed by the N-terminal repeats of the alpha subunit and on the von Willebrand factor A-domain-like region of the beta subunit. The epitopes of function-altering monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) cluster in these regions of the alpha and beta subunits; hence these mAbs can be used as probes to detect changes in the exposure or shape of the ligand-binding sites. Bivalent cations were found to alter the apparent affinity of binding of the inhibitory anti-alpha5 mAbs JBS5 and 16, the inhibitory anti-beta1 mAb 13, and the stimulatory anti-beta1 mAb 12G10 to alpha5 beta1. Analysis of the binding of these mAbs to alpha5beta1 over a range of Mn2+, Mg2+ or Ca2+ concentrations demonstrated that there was a concordance between the ability of cations to elicit conformational changes and the ligand-binding potential of alpha5 beta1. Competitive ELISA experiments provided evidence that the domains of the alpha5 and beta1 subunits recognized by mAbs JBS5/16 and 13/12G10 are spatially close, and that the distance between these two domains is increased when alpha5 beta1 is occupied by bivalent cations. Taken together, our findings suggest that bivalent cations induce a conformational relaxation in the integrin that results in exposure of ligand-binding sites, and that these sites lie near an interface between the alpha subunit beta-propeller and the beta subunit putative A-domain.
|Epiligrin, a component of epithelial basement membranes, is an adhesive ligand for alpha 3 beta 1 positive T lymphocytes. |
Wayner, E A, et al.
J. Cell Biol., 121: 1141-52 (1993) 1993
The cutaneous T cell lymphomas (CTCL), typified by mycosis fungoides, and several chronic T cell mediated dermatoses are characterized by the migration of T lymphocytes into the epidermis (epidermotropism). Alternatively, other types of cutaneous inflammation (malignant cutaneous B cell lymphoma, CBCL, or lymphocytoma cutis, non-malignant T or B cell type) do not show evidence of epidermotropism. This suggests that certain T lymphocyte subpopulations are able to interact with and penetrate the epidermal basement membrane. We show here that T lymphocytes derived from patients with CTCL (HUT 78 or HUT 102 cells), adhere to the detergent-insoluble extracellular matrix prepared from cultured basal keratinocytes (HFK ECM). HUT cell adhesion to HFK ECM was inhibitable with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed to the alpha 3 (P1B5) or beta 1 (P4C10) integrin receptors, and could be up-regulated by an activating anti-beta 1 mAb (P4G11). An inhibitory mAb, P3H9-2, raised against keratinocytes identified epiligrin as the ligand for alpha 3 beta 1 positive T cells in HFK ECM. Interestingly, two lymphocyte populations could be clearly distinguished relative to expression of alpha 3 beta 1 by flow cytometry analysis. Lymphokine activated killer cells, alloreactive cytotoxic T cells and T cells derived from patients with CTCL expressed high levels of alpha 3 beta 1 (alpha 3 beta 1high). Non-adherent peripheral blood mononuclear cells, acute T or B lymphocytic leukemias, or non-cutaneous T or B lymphocyte cell lines expressed low levels of alpha 3 beta 1 (alpha 3 beta 1low). Resting PBL or alpha 3 beta 1low T or B cell lines did not adhere to HFK ECM or purified epiligrin. However, adhesion to epiligrin could be up-regulated by mAbs which activate the beta 1 subunit indicating that alpha 3 beta 1 activity is a function of expression and affinity. In skin derived from patients with graft-vs.-host (GVH) disease, experimentally induced delayed hypersensitivity reactions, and CTCL, the infiltrating T cells could be stained with mAbs to alpha 3 or beta 1 and were localized in close proximity to the epiligrin-containing basement membrane. Infiltrating lymphocytes in malignant cutaneous B disease (CBCL) did not express alpha 3 beta 1 by immunohistochemical techniques and did not associate with the epidermal basement membrane. The present findings clearly define a function for alpha 3 beta 1 in T cells and strongly suggest that alpha 3 beta 1 interaction with epiligrin may be involved in the pathogenesis of cutaneous inflammation.
|Elevated levels of the alpha 5 beta 1 fibronectin receptor suppress the transformed phenotype of Chinese hamster ovary cells. |
Giancotti, F G and Ruoslahti, E
Cell, 60: 849-59 (1990) 1990
We report here on gene transfer studies designed to investigate the function of the alpha 5 beta 1 integrin and its role in transformation. Transfection of the human alpha 5 and beta 1 cDNAs into transformed Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells followed by methotrexate-induced amplification yielded clonal cell lines overexpression this fibronectin receptor. The overexpressors deposited more fibronectin in their extracellular matrix and migrated less than control cells. In addition, they showed reduced saturation density and reduced ability to grow in soft agar. The overexpressor cells, unlike the control CHO cells, were nontumorigenic when injected subcutaneously into nude mice. The results indicate that extracellular matrix recognition by the alpha 5 beta 1 integrin plays a role in the control of cell proliferation and suggest that a reduction of this fibronectin receptor may be responsible for the acquisition of anchorage independence by transformed cells.
|Anti-Integrin alpha5, clone P1D6 - Data Sheet|