Filters Quick Guide by Main European Environmental Analytical Methods

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Use these reference tables (click country name) to quickly locate the appropriate Merck products for the main European environmental analytical methods. References to Merck products and catalogue numbers are included to help make ordering easier.

FRANCE
Agency
Application
Compound
Method
Recommended Filter Sampler/Apparatus
Recommended Millipore Filters/Holders
AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Air Asbestos fibers and others fibers NF X 43 269 Field monitor, 25-mm, three-piece cassette with ca. 50-mm electrically conductive extension cowl and cellulose ester filter, 0.45µm pore size, and backup pad MAWP025AC (0.8µm), AAWG02500 (0.45µm, gridded)
AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Air Asbestos (diagnostic) NF X43 050 Millipore aerosol holder with 0.45µm mixed cellulose esters filters or Cathia head (ARELCO) with specific 2-piece aerosol monitor and 0.45µm cellulose filters. Polycarbonate filter for microscopic analysis XX5004700, HAWP04700, MAWP037A0, GTTP02500
AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Air Crystaline Silica NF X43 243 37mm 3-piece monitor with 0.8µm cellulose or PVC filters M000037A0 + PVA083700
 AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Air Heavy metals NF 43 275 37mm 3-piece monitor with cellulose, glass or quartz fiber filters MAWP037A0 or M000037A0 + AP4003700 or AQFA03700
 AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Air Dust (Partisol Method) NF X43 021 Air sampling at 1 m3/h with a partisol plus and collected on a filter FALP04700 (1µm)
 AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Air Dust (Thoracic fraction) NF X 43 261  37mm 3-piece monitor with cellulose, PVC, PTFE, glass or quartz fiber filters MAWP037A0 or M000037A0 + AP1003700 + PVA0803700 / FALP03700 / AP4003700 or AQFA03700
 AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Air Dust (Inhalable Fraction) NF X 43 257 25mm or 37mm 3-piece monitor MAWP025A0 or MAWP037A0
 AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Air Dust (Alveolar Respirable Fraction)  NF X 43 262 and X43 259 37mm 3-piece monitor with cellulose, PVC, PTFE, glass or quartz fiber filters MAWP037A0 or M000037A0 + AP1003700 + PVA0803700 / FALP03700AP4003700 or AQFA03700
 AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Air Arsenic Compounds NF X 43 293  37mm 3-piece monitor with quartz fiber filter M000037A0+
AQFA0370
 AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Water Solids/Residue, Total Suspended (TSS/NFR) NF EN 872 NF T 90 105 Glass-fiber filter discs without organic binder
Vacuum Filtration apparatus 47mm, adjustable vacuum line
AP4004700 / AP4004705 or APFC04700
XX1004700, WP6122050, XX2504735
 AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Water Legionella and Legionella pneumophila NF T 90 431 Polycarbonate 0.2µm filter, pyrex, vacuum filtration apparatus GTTP04700, XX1004700, WP6122050
 AFNOR (French Institute for Standardization) Soil - Solid Waste Leaching test protocol NF X 31 210 Vacuum filtration holder and 0.45µm filter XX1009020 + XX1504705, HAWP09000


GERMANY
Agency
Application
Compound
Method
Recommended Filter Sampler/Apparatus
Recommended Millipore Filters/Holders
VDI (Professional association of engineers) Air Asbestos VDI Norm gold splattered 0.8 µm PC membrane ATTP02500
VDI (Professional association of engineers) Air Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) VDI 2456 PTFE membrane LSWP04700
DIN (German Institute for Standardization) Air Particles PM 2.5 + PM 10 DIN EN 12341, DIN 14907 (PM 2.5) Quartz fiber or glass fiber filters AQFA04700, AP4004700
VDI (Professional association of engineers) Air Dust, particles   VDI 2463, Blatt 1 Millipore PTFE LSWP filters
VDI (Professional association of engineers) Air  Moulds  VDI 4252 PC and gelatine filters ATTP03700
ISO (International Organization for Standardization) Water  Legionella, Salmonella  ISO 11731 0.22 or 0.45 µm MCE filters HAWG047S6, EZHAWG474
DIN (German Institute for Standardization) Water TOC/ DOC DIN EN 1484-H3 DAR 0.45 µm MCE HAWP filters
DIN (German Institute for Standardization) Water PCB DIN 38407 F 2 0.45 µm syringe filter SLCR025NB
DIN (German Institute for Standardization) Water  Filterable matter DIN 38409-2 (H2)DAR Glass fiber filter (type GF/A) APFA filters
DIN (German Institute for Standardization) Water  Chlorophyll A DIN 38412-L16  Instrumentation – sample prep SLCR025NB
DIN (German Institute for Standardization) Water  Trace elements in water and eluates (ICP-MS) DIN EN ISO 17294-2 (E29) DAR 0.45 µm membranes or syringe filters SLCR025NB
DIN (German Institute for Standardization) Water  Trace elements in water and eluates (ICP-OES) DIN EN ISO 11885-E22 DAR 0.45 µm membranes or syringe filters SLCR025NB
DIN (German Institute for Standardization) Water  Dissolved sulfide DIN 38405-D26 DAR Instrumentation – sample prep SLCR025NB
DIN (German Institute for Standardization) Water  Lipophilic materials DIN 38409 H56 Instrumentation – sample prep SLCR025NB
DIN (German Institute for Standardization) Water  Anions DIN EN ISO 10304-1/-2 (D19/20) DAR 0.45 µm syringe filter SLCR025NB


ITALY
Agency
Application
Compound
Method
Recommended Filter Sampler/Apparatus
Recommended Millipore Filters/Holders
UNI (Ente Nazionale Italiano di unificazione) Air As, Cd, Cr, Co,Cu, Mn, Ni Pb, Sb, Tl, V at the chimneys of the factories UNI EN 14385 Quartz filters, glass fiber filters or PTFE Filters or filters which shows 99.6% retention in a fog of 0,3 µm AP4004700, APFF04700, APFC04700, APQA04700, AAWP04700
UNI (Ente Nazionale Italiano di unificazione) Air Total Dust at the chimneys of the factories UNI EN 13284 Quartz filters, glass fiber filters or PTFE Filters or filters which shows 99,6% retention in a fog of 0,3 µm AP4004700, APFF04700, APFC04700, APQA04700, AAWP04700
UNI (Ente Nazionale Italiano di unificazione) Air PM 10 in outdoor air UNI EN 12341 Quartz filters AQFA filters
ISO (International Organization for Standardization)  Air IPA in outdoor air ISO 12884 Quartz filters AQFA filters
ISO (International Organization for Standardization)  Air IPA in outdoor air ISO 16362 Quartz filters AQFA filters
UNI (Ente Nazionale Italiano di unificazione)  Air Dust (Alveolar Respirable Fraction) UNICHIM 12010 filters which shows 99.6% retention according with EN 13274-7 and ISO 15767 AAWP filters
UNI (Ente Nazionale Italiano di unificazione)  Air Dust (Inhalable Fraction) UNI 1998 filters which shows 99.6% retention according with ASTM D-2987 AAWP filters
APAT (Agenzia per la protezione dell'ambiente e per i servizi tecnici)  Water Total Suspended Solids APAT IRSA 5120  0.45 µm cellulose filter HAWP04700
APAT (Agenzia per la protezione dell'ambiente e per i servizi tecnici) Water  Total Dissolved Solids APAT IRSA CNR 2090 0.45 µm filter XX1009020 + XX1504705, HAWP09000
UNI (Ente Nazionale Italiano di unificazione) Soil  Eluted compound from Soil UNI EN 12457-2 0.45 µm cellulose filter HAWP04700


SPAIN
Agency
Application
Compound
Method
Recommended Filter Sampler/Apparatus
Recommended Millipore Filters/Holders
NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Air Asbestos NIOSH 7400 Field monitor, 25-mm, three-piece cassette with ca. 50-mm electrically conductive extension cowl and cellulose ester filter, 0.45- to 1.2-µm pore size, and backup pad MAWP025AC (0.8µm)
AENOR (Spanish Association for Standardisation and Certification) Air Particles UNE - 81599 3-piece monitor 37 mm, with 5 µm PVC filter or 0.8 µm mixed cellulose esters filter M00003700 + PVC503700 or MAWP037A0 or MAWP037AM
MTAS (Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales) Air Particles MTA/MA 0-14/A88 3-piece monitor 37 mm, with 5 µm PVC filter or 0.8 µm mixed cellulose esters filter M00003700 + PVC503700 or MAWP037A0 or MAWP037AM
 MTAS (Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales) Air Lead MTA/MA-011/A87  2- or 3-piece monitor 37mm, with 0.8 µm Mixed cellulose esters filter MAWP025A0 or MAWP03700 / MAWP037AM
 MTAS (Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales) Air Asbestos MTA/MA-051/A04  Conductive monitor 3 pieces, 25 mm, with extension cowl. Ester cellulose filter, grided, 0.8 to 1.2 µm.  MAWP025AC (0.8µm) + AAWG02500
 AENOR (Spanish Association for Standardisation and Certification) Air Asbestos fibers and others fibers UNE 81752 (2006)  Conductive monitor 3 pieces, 25 mm, with extension cowl. Ester cellulose filter, grided, 0.8 to 1.2 µm.  MAWP025AC (0.8µm) + AAWG02500
 AENOR (Spanish Association for Standardisation and Certification) Water Dissolved Li+, Na+, NH4+, K+, Mn2+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+ UNE-EN-ISO 14911 0.45 µm filter HAWP04700
 AENOR (Spanish Association for Standardisation and Certification) Water  Nitrites UNE-EN-26777 0.45 µm filter HAWP04700
 AENOR (Spanish Association for Standardisation and Certification) Water   Sulfates UNE - 77049 :2002 0.45 µm filter HAWP04700
 AENOR (Spanish Association for Standardisation and Certification) Soil   Lixiviation UNE-EN 12457 0.45 µm cellulose filter, pressure filtration apparatus HAWP04700, YY3014236


UK
Agency
Application
Compound
Method
Recommended Filter Sampler/Apparatus
Recommended Millipore Filters/Holders
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air Asbestos MDHS 39/4 and HSG248 0.8 to 1.2 µm filter AAWG0250C, RAWG0250C
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air Respirable and Inhalable Dust MDHS 14/3 sampling cassette. Glass fibre filters for gravimetric, PTFE if further analysis needed. M00003700, AP4003700, FSLW03700
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air Rubber Process Dust and Rubber Fume MDHS 47/2 Binder free glass fibre filters M00003700, AP4003700
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air  Aromatic Carboxylic Acid Anhydrides MDHS 62  25 mm glass fibre filter paper APFA02500 
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air Lead and Inorganic Compounds of Lead MDHS 6/3 Mixed cellulose ester membrane filters of 0.8 um mean pore diameter.
Flat-tipped tweezers
AAWP02500
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air Cadmium and Inorganic Compounds of Cadmium  MDHS 10/2 Mixed cellulose ester membrane filters of 0.8 um mean pore diameter.
Flat-tipped tweezers
AAWP02500
ISO (International Organization for Standardization) Air Metals BS ISO 15202-2:2001 0.8 um mean pore diameter, MCE membrane filter, of suitable diameter for use in the selected samplers AAWP02500, AAWP03700
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air Total particulates and cyclohexane soluble material MDHS 48 37 mm binder-free glass fibre filters (GF/A)
Flat-tipped tweezers
APFA03700
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air Aromatic Amines MDHS 75 25mm binder free glass fibre filters (GF/A)
Flat-tipped tweezers
APFA02500
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air Total Hexavalent Chromium Compounds MDHS 61 PVC/A filter of an appropriate diameter PVA082500 or PVA083700 or PVA084700
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air Hydrazine MDHS 86 - BS EN 482 25mm binder free glass fibre filters APFA02500
HSL (Health and Safety Laboratory) Air Crystalline Silica in Respirable Airborne Dusts MDHS 101 PVC filters or PVC-acrylonitrile co-polymer
filters have suitable infrared characteristics. Silver filters are suitable for X-ray diffraction analysis but not infrared spectroscopy
PVC502500 or PVC503700 or PVC504700
AG4502550 or AG8003750
BSI (British Standards Institution) Water Legionella, Salmonella BS ISO 11731-2  0.22 or 0.45 µm mixed cellulose esters filters HAWG047S6, EZHAWG474
BSI (British Standards Institution) Water  Total Suspended Solids/Residue (TSS/NFR) BS EN 872 Vacuum Filtration apparatus 47mm, adjustable vacuum line; Glass-fiber filter discs without organic binder. XX1004700, WP6122050, XX2504735, AP4004700/05 or APFC04700
BSI (British Standards Institution) Soil  Eluted compound from Soil BS EN 12457-2  0.45 µm cellulose filter HAWP04700