Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, R||IP, WB||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-FGFR1 Antibody, clone 19B2|
|Presentation||0.1M Tris-glycine, pH 7.4, 0.15M NaCl containing 0.05% sodium azide|
|Application||Anti-FGFR1 Antibody, clone 19B2 detects level of FGFR1 & has been published & validated for use in IP & WB.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||2 years at -20°C or 2 months at 4°C|
|Material Size||250 µg|
|Reference overview||Application||Pub Med ID|
|Activation of glial FGFRs is essential in glial migration, proliferation, and survival and in glia-neuron signaling during olfactory system development.|
Gibson, NJ; Tolbert, LP; Oland, LA
PloS one 7 e33828 2012
Development of the adult olfactory system of the moth Manduca sexta depends on reciprocal interactions between olfactory receptor neuron (ORN) axons growing in from the periphery and centrally-derived glial cells. Early-arriving ORN axons induce a subset of glial cells to proliferate and migrate to form an axon-sorting zone, in which later-arriving ORN axons will change their axonal neighbors and change their direction of outgrowth in order to travel with like axons to their target areas in the olfactory (antennal) lobe. These newly fasciculated axon bundles will terminate in protoglomeruli, the formation of which induces other glial cells to migrate to surround them. Glial cells do not migrate unless ORN axons are present, axons fail to fasciculate and target correctly without sufficient glial cells, and protoglomeruli are not maintained without a glial surround. We have shown previously that Epidermal Growth Factor receptors and the IgCAMs Neuroglian and Fasciclin II play a role in the ORN responses to glial cells. In the present work, we present evidence for the importance of glial Fibroblast Growth Factor receptors in glial migration, proliferation, and survival in this developing pathway. We also report changes in growth patterns of ORN axons and of the dendrites of olfactory (antennal lobe) neurons following blockade of glial FGFR activation that suggest that glial FGFR activation is important in reciprocal communication between neurons and glial cells.
|Alpha sarcoglycan is required for FGF-dependent myogenic progenitor cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo.|
Cassano, M; Dellavalle, A; Tedesco, FS; Quattrocelli, M; Crippa, S; Ronzoni, F; Salvade, A; Berardi, E; Torrente, Y; Cossu, G; Sampaolesi, M
Development (Cambridge, England) 138 4523-33 2011
Mice deficient in α-sarcoglycan (Sgca-null mice) develop progressive muscular dystrophy and serve as a model for human limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2D. Sgca-null mice suffer a more severe myopathy than that of mdx mice, the model for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. This is the opposite of what is observed in humans and the reason for this is unknown. In an attempt to understand the cellular basis of this severe muscular dystrophy, we isolated clonal populations of myogenic progenitor cells (MPCs), the resident postnatal muscle progenitors of dystrophic and wild-type mice. MPCs from Sgca-null mice generated much smaller clones than MPCs from wild-type or mdx dystrophic mice. Impaired proliferation of Sgca-null myogenic precursors was confirmed by single fiber analysis and this difference correlated with Sgca expression during MPC proliferation. In the absence of dystrophin and associated proteins, which are only expressed after differentiation, SGCA complexes with and stabilizes FGFR1. Deficiency of Sgca leads to an absence of FGFR1 expression at the membrane and impaired MPC proliferation in response to bFGF. The low proliferation rate of Sgca-null MPCs was rescued by transduction with Sgca-expressing lentiviral vectors. When transplanted into dystrophic muscle, Sgca-null MPCs exhibited reduced engraftment. The reduced proliferative ability of Sgca-null MPCs explains, at least in part, the severity of this muscular dystrophy and also why wild-type donor progenitor cells engraft efficiently and consequently ameliorate disease.
|Association of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 with the adaptor protein Grb14. Characterization of a new receptor binding partner|
Reilly, J. F., et al
J Biol Chem, 275:7771-8 (2000) 2000
|Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) soluble receptor 1 acts as a natural inhibitor of FGF2 neurotrophic activity during retinal degeneration|
Guillonneau, X., et al
Mol Biol Cell, 9:2785-802 (1998) 1998
|Suppression of fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling inhibits pancreatic cancer growth in vitro and in vivo.|
M Wagner, M E Lopez, M Cahn, M Korc
Gastroenterology 114 798-807 1998
BACKGROUND AIMS: Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are mitogenic polypeptides that activate specific cell surface FGF receptors (FGFRs). Pancreatic cancers overexpress basic FGF (bFGF) and the type I FGF receptor (FGFR-1), and overexpression of bFGF has been correlated with decreased patient survival. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of abrogation of FGFR-1-dependent signaling on pancreatic cancer cell growth. METHODS: PANC-1 human pancreatic cancer cells were transfected with a truncated FGFR-1 complementary DNA (FGFR405), resulting in the expression of a kinase-deficient receptor. Activation of endogenous FGFR-1 was assessed in immunoblot studies with antiphosphotyrosine and anti-active mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase antibodies. Effects on cell growth were determined in vitro and in nude mice. RESULTS: PANC-1 clones expressing the truncated receptor showed attenuated receptor tyrosine phosphorylation and MAP kinase activation in response to bFGF, decreased basal cell growth, and a marked decrease in tumor-forming potential in vivo. Confirmatory experiments with MIA PaCa-2 pancreatic cancer cells indicated that FGFR405 also attenuated FGF-dependent MAP kinase activation in this cell line. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that FGFR-dependent signaling is crucial for pancreatic cancer growth and raise the possibility that inhibition of FGFR signaling may ultimately prove useful as a therapeutic option in patients with pancreatic cancer.
|Up-regulation of fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 in lens epithelial cells paralleled by growth stimulation.|
T Marunouchi, H Hosoya, T Morioku, T Mori, Y Majima, M Kousaka
Experimental eye research 67 611-6 1998
|Expression of a dominant negative FGF receptor inhibits axonal growth and FGF receptor phosphorylation stimulated by CAMs|
Saffell, J. L., et al
Neuron, 18:231-42 (1997) 1997
|Differential modulation of basic fibroblast and epidermal growth factor receptor activation by ganglioside GM3 in cultured retinal Müller glia.|
Meuillet, E, et al.
Glia, 17: 206-16 (1996) 1996
Polypeptide growth factors and membrane-bound gangliosides are involved in cell signaling, including that observed in cells of neural origin. To analyze possible interactions between these two systems, we investigated the modulation of short- and long-term responses to basic fibroblast and epidermal growth factor (bFGF and EGF, respectively) in cultured retinal Müller glial cells following experimental modification of their ganglioside composition. These glial cells readily incorporated exogenously administered GM3 ganglioside, which was not substantially metabolized within 24 h. Such treatments significantly inhibited bFGF-induced DNA replication and cell migration, while having much less effect on analogous EGF-mediated behaviors. To explore GM3/growth factor interactions further, different aspects of glial metabolism in response to bFGF or EGF stimulation were examined: membrane fluidity, growth factor binding, global and individual changes in growth factor-induced phosphotyrosine levels, and growth factor-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase. GM3 reduced the intensity of immunocytochemical labeling of phosphotyrosine-containing proteins within bFGF-stimulated cells and down-regulated FGF receptor activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of its cellular substrates, whereas similar parameters in EGF-stimulated cells were much less affected. Hence the data reveal a complex relationship in normal neural cells between polypeptide growth factors and membrane-bound gangliosides, which may participate in retinal cellular physiology in vivo.
|Expression and immunochemical analysis of rat and human fibroblast growth factor receptor (flg) isoforms.|
Xu, J, et al.
J. Biol. Chem., 267: 17792-803 (1992) 1992
Potentially 96 splice variants among four genes that code for the human heparin-binding fibroblast growth factor receptor family complicate study of structure, metabolism, and function of single isoforms in mammalian cells. As an alternative, we expressed structural subdomains and isoforms of the flg receptor gene in bacteria and baculoviral-infected insect cells. We developed and characterized a panel of 16 isoform and domain-specific polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. The panel of antibodies was used to distinguish mature glycosylated ligand-binding and kinase-active and -inactive recombinant isoforms in baculoviral insect cells and transfected mammalian cells and natural isoforms in rat prostate and human liver cells. The results revealed a cell type-specific expression of the flg gene and isoforms that result from combinations of splice variations. Reactive epitopes of monoclonal antibodies against both the three (alpha) and two (beta) immunoglobulin-like disulfide loop extracellular domain isoforms were mapped by cross-reactivity with synthetic polypeptide sequences and deletion mutants expressed in bacteria. The native alpha and beta receptor isoforms differed in display of shared epitopes and suggested that the NH2-terminal Loop I and COOH-terminal Loops II and III of the alpha isoform are interactive. Although the common Loops II and III appear qualitatively sufficient for ligand binding, the results suggest that tertiary relationships among loops in the three and two loop isoforms are distinct and, therefore, the two isoforms may have distinct activities. Spatial models for arrangement of immunoglobulin-like loops in the extracellular domain of the two isoforms are presented.
|Fibroblast growth factor receptors from liver vary in three structural domains.|
Hou, J Z, et al.
Science, 251: 665-8 (1991) 1991
Changes in heparin-binding fibroblast growth factor gene expression and receptor phenotype occur during liver regeneration and in hepatoma cells. The nucleotide sequence of complementary DNA predicts that three amino-terminal domain motifs, two juxtamembrane motifs, and two intracellular carboxyl-terminal domain motifs combine to form a minimum of 6 and potentially 12 homologous polypeptides that constitute the growth factor receptor family in a single human liver cell population. Amino-terminal variants consisted of two transmembrane molecules that contained three and two immunoglobulin-like disulfide loops, as well as a potential intracellular form of the receptor. The two intracellular juxtamembrane motifs differed in a potential serine-threonine kinase phosphorylation site. One carboxyl-terminal motif was a putative tyrosine kinase that contained potential tyrosine phosphorylation sites. The second carboxyl-terminal motif was probably not a tyrosine kinase and did not exhibit the same candidate carboxyl-terminal tyrosine phosphorylation sites.