Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, R, M||Enzyme Assays, ICC, IP, WB||Rb||Purified||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||200 µg|
|Anti-HDAC1 - 2387520||2387520|
|Anti-HDAC1 - 2433482||2433482|
|Anti-HDAC1 - 16360||16360|
|Anti-HDAC1 - 18483||18483|
|Anti-HDAC1 - 2020542||2020542|
|Anti-HDAC1 - 20785||20785|
|Anti-HDAC1 - 2197505||2197505|
|Anti-HDAC1 - 23278||23278|
|Anti-HDAC1 - 32643||32643|
|Anti-HDAC1 - DAM1394791||DAM1394791|
|Reference overview||Application||Species||Pub Med ID|
|Oxidative stress and inflammation modulate Rev-erbα signaling in the neonatal lung and affect circadian rhythmicity.|
Yang, G; Wright, CJ; Hinson, MD; Fernando, AP; Sengupta, S; Biswas, C; La, P; Dennery, PA
Antioxid Redox Signal 21 17-32 2014
The response to oxidative stress and inflammation varies with diurnal rhythms. Nevertheless, it is not known whether circadian genes are regulated by these stimuli. We evaluated whether Rev-erbα, a key circadian gene, was regulated by oxidative stress and/or inflammation in vitro and in a mouse model.A unique sequence consisting of overlapping AP-1 and nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) consensus sequences was identified on the mouse Rev-erbα promoter. This sequence mediates Rev-erbα promoter activity and transcription in response to oxidative stress and inflammation. This region serves as an NrF2 platform both to receive oxidative stress signals and to activate Rev-erbα, as well as an NFκB-binding site to repress Rev-erbα with inflammatory stimuli. The amplitude of the rhythmicity of Rev-erbα was altered by pre-exposure to hyperoxia or disruption of NFκB in a cell culture model of circadian simulation. Oxidative stress overcame the inhibitory effect of NFκB binding on Rev-erbα transcription. This was confirmed in neonatal mice exposed to hyperoxia, where hyperoxia-induced lung Rev-erbα transcription was further increased with NFκB disruption. Interestingly, this effect was not observed in similarly exposed adult mice.These data provide novel mechanistic insights into how key circadian genes are regulated by oxidative stress and inflammation in the neonatal lung.Rev-erbα transcription and circadian oscillation are susceptible to oxidative stress and inflammation in the neonate. Due to Rev-erbα's role in cellular metabolism, this could contribute to lung cellular function and injury from inflammation and oxidative stress.
|The primary microRNA-208b interacts with Polycomb-group protein, Ezh2, to regulate gene expression in the heart.|
Mathiyalagan, P; Okabe, J; Chang, L; Su, Y; Du, XJ; El-Osta, A
Nucleic acids research 42 790-803 2014
The Polycomb-group protein, Ezh2, is required for epigenetic gene silencing in the adult heart by unknown mechanism. We investigated the role of Ezh2 and non-coding RNAs in a mouse model of pressure overload using transverse aortic constriction (TAC) attenuated by the prototypical histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA). Chromatin immunoprecipitation of TAC and TAC+TSA hearts suggests interaction of Ezh2 and primary microRNA-208b (pri-miR-208b) in the regulation of hypertrophic gene expression. RNAi silencing of pri-miR-208b and Ezh2 validate pri-miR-208b-mediated transcriptional silencing of genes implicated in cardiac hypertrophy including the suppression of the bi-directional promoter (bdP) of the cardiac myosin heavy chain genes. In TAC mouse heart, TSA attenuated Ezh2 binding to bdP and restored antisense β-MHC and α-MHC gene expression. RNA-chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments in TAC hearts also show increased pri-miR-208b dependent-chromatin binding. These results are the first description by which primary miR interactions serve to integrate chromatin modifications and the transcriptional response to distinct signaling cues in the heart. These studies provide a framework for MHC expression and regulation of genes implicated in pathological remodeling of ventricular hypertrophy.
|Identification of an intrinsic determinant critical for maspin subcellular localization and function.|
Dzinic, SH; Kaplun, A; Li, X; Bernardo, M; Meng, Y; Dean, I; Krass, D; Stemmer, P; Shin, N; Lonardo, F; Sheng, S
PloS one 8 e74502 2013
Maspin, a multifaceted tumor suppressor, belongs to the serine protease inhibitor superfamily, but only inhibits serine protease-like enzymes such as histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1). Maspin is specifically expressed in epithelial cells and it is differentially regulated during tumor progression. A new emerging consensus suggests that a shift in maspin subcellular localization from the nucleus to the cytoplasm stratifies with poor cancer prognosis. In the current study, we employed a rational mutagenesis approach and showed that maspin reactive center loop (RCL) and its neighboring sequence are critical for maspin stability. Further, when expressed in multiple tumor cell lines, single point mutation of Aspartate(346) (D(346)) to Glutamate (E(346)), maspin(D346E), was predominantly nuclear, whereas wild type maspin (maspin(WT)) was both cytoplasmic and nuclear. Evidence from cellular fractionation followed by immunological and proteomic protein identification, combined with the evidence from fluorescent imaging of endogenous proteins, fluorescent protein fusion constructs, as well as bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) showed that the increased nuclear enrichment of maspin(D346E) was, at least in part, due to its increased affinity to HDAC1. Maspin(D346E) was also more potent than maspin(WT) as an HDAC inhibitor. Taken together, our evidence demonstrates that D(346) is a critical cis-element in maspin sequence that determines the molecular context and subcellular localization of maspin. A mechanistic model derived from our evidence suggests a new window of opportunity for the development of maspin-based biologically competent HDAC inhibitors for cancer treatment.
|Corepressor-dependent silencing of fetal hemoglobin expression by BCL11A.|
Xu, J; Bauer, DE; Kerenyi, MA; Vo, TD; Hou, S; Hsu, YJ; Yao, H; Trowbridge, JJ; Mandel, G; Orkin, SH
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110 6518-23 2013
Reactivation of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) in adults ameliorates the severity of the common β-globin disorders. The transcription factor BCL11A is a critical modulator of hemoglobin switching and HbF silencing, yet the molecular mechanism through which BCL11A coordinates the developmental switch is incompletely understood. Particularly, the identities of BCL11A cooperating protein complexes and their roles in HbF expression and erythroid development remain largely unknown. Here we determine the interacting partner proteins of BCL11A in erythroid cells by a proteomic screen. BCL11A is found within multiprotein complexes consisting of erythroid transcription factors, transcriptional corepressors, and chromatin-modifying enzymes. We show that the lysine-specific demethylase 1 and repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor corepressor 1 (LSD1/CoREST) histone demethylase complex interacts with BCL11A and is required for full developmental silencing of mouse embryonic β-like globin genes and human γ-globin genes in adult erythroid cells in vivo. In addition, LSD1 is essential for normal erythroid development. Furthermore, the DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) is identified as a BCL11A-associated protein in the proteomic screen. DNMT1 is required to maintain HbF silencing in primary human adult erythroid cells. DNMT1 haploinsufficiency combined with BCL11A deficiency further enhances γ-globin expression in adult animals. Our findings provide important insights into the mechanistic roles of BCL11A in HbF silencing and clues for therapeutic targeting of BCL11A in β-hemoglobinopathies.
|Rad51 paralog complexes BCDX2 and CX3 act at different stages in the BRCA1-BRCA2-dependent homologous recombination pathway.|
Chun, J; Buechelmaier, ES; Powell, SN
Molecular and cellular biology 33 387-95 2013
The Rad51 paralogs are required for homologous recombination (HR) and the maintenance of genomic stability. The molecular mechanisms by which the five vertebrate Rad51 paralogs regulate HR and genomic integrity remain unclear. The Rad51 paralogs associate with one another in two distinct complexes: Rad51B-Rad51C-Rad51D-XRCC2 (BCDX2) and Rad51C-XRCC3 (CX3). We find that the BCDX2 and CX3 complexes act at different stages of the HR pathway. In response to DNA damage, the BCDX2 complex acts downstream of BRCA2 recruitment but upstream of Rad51 recruitment. In contrast, the CX3 complex acts downstream of Rad51 recruitment but still has a marked impact on the measured frequency of homologous recombination. Both complexes are epistatic with BRCA2 and synthetically lethal with Rad52. We conclude that human Rad51 paralogs facilitate BRCA2-Rad51-dependent homologous recombination at different stages in the pathway and function independently of Rad52.
|Deacetylation of p53 induces autophagy by suppressing Bmf expression.|
Contreras, AU; Mebratu, Y; Delgado, M; Montano, G; Hu, CA; Ryter, SW; Choi, AM; Lin, Y; Xiang, J; Chand, H; Tesfaigzi, Y
The Journal of cell biology 201 427-37 2013
Interferon γ (IFN-γ)-induced cell death is mediated by the BH3-only domain protein, Bik, in a p53-independent manner. However, the effect of IFN-γ on p53 and how this affects autophagy have not been reported. The present study demonstrates that IFN-γ down-regulated expression of the BH3 domain-only protein, Bmf, in human and mouse airway epithelial cells in a p53-dependent manner. p53 also suppressed Bmf expression in response to other cell death-stimulating agents, including ultraviolet radiation and histone deacetylase inhibitors. IFN-γ did not affect Bmf messenger RNA half-life but increased nuclear p53 levels and the interaction of p53 with the Bmf promoter. IFN-γ-induced interaction of HDAC1 and p53 resulted in the deacetylation of p53 and suppression of Bmf expression independent of p53's proline-rich domain. Suppression of Bmf facilitated IFN-γ-induced autophagy by reducing the interaction of Beclin-1 and Bcl-2. Furthermore, autophagy was prominent in cultured bmf(-/-) but not in bmf(+/+) cells. Collectively, these observations show that deacetylation of p53 suppresses Bmf expression and facilitates autophagy.
|Compensatory functions of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and HDAC2 regulate transcription and apoptosis during mouse oocyte development.|
Ma, P; Pan, H; Montgomery, RL; Olson, EN; Schultz, RM
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109 E481-9 2012
Dramatic changes in chromatin structure and histone modification occur during oocyte growth, as well as a global cessation of transcription. The role of histone modifications in these processes is poorly understood. We report the effect of conditionally deleting Hdac1 and Hdac2 on oocyte development. Deleting either gene has little or no effect on oocyte development, whereas deleting both genes results in follicle development arrest at the secondary follicle stage. This developmental arrest is accompanied by substantial perturbation of the transcriptome and a global reduction in transcription even though histone acetylation is markedly increased. There is no apparent change in histone repressive marks, but there is a pronounced decrease in histone H3K4 methylation, an activating mark. The decrease in H3K4 methylation is likely a result of increased expression of Kdm5b because RNAi-mediated targeting of Kdm5b in double-mutant oocytes results in an increase in H3K4 methylation. An increase in TRP53 acetylation also occurs in mutant oocytes and may contribute to the observed increased incidence of apoptosis. Taken together, these results suggest seminal roles of acetylation of histone and nonhistone proteins in oocyte development.
|IFN-α inhibits HBV transcription and replication in cell culture and in humanized mice by targeting the epigenetic regulation of the nuclear cccDNA minichromosome.|
Belloni, L; Allweiss, L; Guerrieri, F; Pediconi, N; Volz, T; Pollicino, T; Petersen, J; Raimondo, G; Dandri, M; Levrero, M
The Journal of clinical investigation 122 529-37 2012
HBV infection remains a leading cause of death worldwide. IFN-α inhibits viral replication in vitro and in vivo, and pegylated IFN-α is a commonly administered treatment for individuals infected with HBV. The HBV genome contains a typical IFN-stimulated response element (ISRE), but the molecular mechanisms by which IFN-α suppresses HBV replication have not been established in relevant experimental systems. Here, we show that IFN-α inhibits HBV replication by decreasing the transcription of pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) and subgenomic RNA from the HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) minichromosome, both in cultured cells in which HBV is replicating and in mice whose livers have been repopulated with human hepatocytes and infected with HBV. Administration of IFN-α resulted in cccDNA-bound histone hypoacetylation as well as active recruitment to the cccDNA of transcriptional corepressors. IFN-α treatment also reduced binding of the STAT1 and STAT2 transcription factors to active cccDNA. The inhibitory activity of IFN-α was linked to the IRSE, as IRSE-mutant HBV transcribed less pgRNA and could not be repressed by IFN-α treatment. Our results identify a molecular mechanism whereby IFN-α mediates epigenetic repression of HBV cccDNA transcriptional activity, which may assist in the development of novel effective therapeutics.
|DNA methyltransferase 3b preferentially associates with condensed chromatin.|
Kashiwagi, K; Nimura, K; Ura, K; Kaneda, Y
Nucleic acids research 39 874-88 2011
In mammals, DNA methylation is catalyzed by DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) encoded by Dnmt1, Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b. Since, the mechanisms of regulation of Dnmts are still largely unknown, the physical interaction between Dnmt3b and chromatin was investigated in vivo and in vitro. In embryonic stem cell nuclei, Dnmt3b preferentially associated with histone H1-containing heterochromatin without any significant enrichment of silent-specific histone methylation. Recombinant Dnmt3b preferentially associated with nucleosomal DNA rather than naked DNA. Incorporation of histone H1 into nucleosomal arrays promoted the association of Dnmt3b with chromatin, whereas histone acetylation reduced Dnmt3b binding in vitro. In addition, Dnmt3b associated with histone deacetylase SirT1 in the nuclease resistant chromatin. These findings suggest that Dnmt3b is preferentially recruited into hypoacetylated and condensed chromatin. We propose that Dnmt3b is a 'reader' of higher-order chromatin structure leading to gene silencing through DNA methylation.
|Polycomb eviction as a new distant enhancer function.|
Vernimmen, D; Lynch, MD; De Gobbi, M; Garrick, D; Sharpe, JA; Sloane-Stanley, JA; Smith, AJ; Higgs, DR
Genes & development 25 1583-8 2011
Remote distal enhancers may be located tens or thousands of kilobases away from their promoters. How they control gene expression is still poorly understood. Here, we analyze the influence of a remote enhancer on the balance between repression (Polycomb-PcG) and activation (Trithorax-TrxG) of a developmentally regulated gene associated with a CpG island. We reveal its essential, nonredundant role in clearing the PcG complex and H3K27me3 from the CpG island. In the absence of the enhancer, the H3K27me3 demethylase (JMJD3) is not recruited to the CpG island. We propose a new role of long-range regulatory elements in removing repressive PcG complexes.