Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|Description||Anti-INCENP Antibody, clone 58-217|
|Application||Detect INCENP with Anti-INCENP Antibody, clone 58-217 (Mouse Monoclonal Antibody), that has been shown to work in WB.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||2 years at -20°C from date of shipment|
|Material Size||100 µg|
|Anti-INCENP, clone 58-217 (mouse monoclonal IgG1)||2994755|
|Anti-INCENP, clone 58-217 (mouse monoclonal IgG1)||2903458|
|Anti-INCENP, clone 58-217 - 30531||30531|
|Reference overview||Application||Species||Pub Med ID|
|Interphase cytofission maintains genomic integrity of human cells after failed cytokinesis.|
Choudhary, A; Lera, RF; Martowicz, ML; Oxendine, K; Laffin, JJ; Weaver, BA; Burkard, ME
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110 13026-31 2013
In cell division, cytokinesis is tightly coupled with mitosis to maintain genomic integrity. Failed cytokinesis in humans can result in tetraploid cells that can become aneuploid and promote cancer. However, the likelihood of aneuploidy and cancer after a failed cytokinesis event is unknown. Here we evaluated cell fate after failed cytokinesis. We interrupted cytokinesis by brief chemical treatments in cell populations of human epithelial lines. Surprisingly, up to 50% of the resulting binucleate cells generated colonies. In RPE1 cells, 90% of colonies obtained from binucleate founders had a karyotype that matched the parental cell type. Time-lapse videomicroscopy demonstrated that binucleate cells are delayed in the first growth phase of the cell cycle (G1) and undergo interphase cellular fission (cytofission) that distributes nuclei into separate daughters. The fission is not compatible with delayed cytokinesis because events occur in the absence of polymerized microtubules and without canonical components of the cytokinetic machinery. However, the cytofission can be interrupted by inhibiting function of actin or myosin II. Fission events occur in both two- and three-dimensional culture. Our data demonstrate that cytofission can preserve genomic integrity after failed cytokinesis. Thus, traction-mediated cytofission, originally observed in Dictyostelium, is relevant to human biology--where it seems to be an evolutionarily conserved mechanism that can preserve genomic integrity.
|Human RASSF7 regulates the microtubule cytoskeleton and is required for spindle formation, Aurora B activation and chromosomal congression during mitosis.|
Recino, A; Sherwood, V; Flaxman, A; Cooper, WN; Latif, F; Ward, A; Chalmers, AD
The Biochemical journal 430 207-13 2010
RASSF7, a member of the N-terminal Ras association domain family, has increased expression in various cancers and, on the basis of our previous work in Xenopus embryos, may be a regulator of mitosis. In the present study, we address, for the first time, the role of human RASSF7 in mitosis. We demonstrate that RASSF7 is expressed in a broad range of different cell types and that this expression could be enhanced following exposure to hypoxia. Knocking down RASSF7 in human cell lines inhibited cell growth and induced defects in mitosis, including aberrant spindle formation and a failure in chromosomal congression. In order to understand the molecular basis of the defects in more detail, we analysed the activity of mitotic signalling proteins and found that activation of Aurora B did not occur in cells in which RASSF7 was knocked down. We also show that endogenous RASSF7 protein localizes to the centrosome and demonstrate using microtubule-regrowth assays that RASSF7 is an important regulator of microtubule dynamics. On the basis of these observations, we propose that, owing to its key role in regulating the microtubule cytoskeleton, RASSF7 is required for mitosis in human cells.Full Text Article
|Relocation of Aurora B from centromeres to the central spindle at the metaphase to anaphase transition requires MKlp2.|
Gruneberg, Ulrike, et al.
J. Cell Biol., 166: 167-72 (2004) 2004
Mitotic kinases of the Polo and Aurora families are key regulators of chromosome segregation and cytokinesis. Here, we have investigated the role of MKlp1 and MKlp2, two vertebrate mitotic kinesins essential for cytokinesis, in the spatial regulation of the Aurora B kinase. Previously, we have demonstrated that MKlp2 recruits Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) to the central spindle in anaphase. We now find that in MKlp2 but not MKlp1-depleted cells the Aurora B-INCENP complex remains at the centromeres and fails to relocate to the central spindle. MKlp2 exerts dual control over Aurora B localization, because it is a binding partner for Aurora B, and furthermore for the phosphatase Cdc14A. Cdc14A can dephosphorylate INCENP and may contribute to its relocation to the central spindle in anaphase. We propose that MKlp2 is involved in the localization of Plk1, Aurora B, and Cdc14A to the central spindle during anaphase, and that the integration of signaling by these proteins is necessary for proper cytokinesis.
|Aurora-B phosphorylation in vitro identifies a residue of survivin that is essential for its localization and binding to inner centromere protein (INCENP) in vivo.|
Wheatley, Sally P, et al.
J. Biol. Chem., 279: 5655-60 (2004) 2004
The chromosomal passengers, aurora-B kinase, inner centromere protein (INCENP), and survivin, are essential proteins that have been implicated in the regulation of metaphase chromosome alignment, spindle checkpoint function, and cytokinesis. All three share a common pattern of localization, and it was recently demonstrated that aurora-B, INCENP, and survivin are present in a complex in Xenopus eggs and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The presence of aurora-B kinase in the complex and its ability to bind the other components directly suggest that INCENP and survivin could potentially be aurora-B substrates. This hypothesis was recently proven for INCENP in vitro. Here we report that human survivin is specifically phosphorylated in vitro by aurora-B kinase at threonine 117 in its carboxyl alpha-helical coil. Mutation of threonine 117 to alanine prevents survivin phosphorylation by aurora-B in vitro but does not alter its localization in HeLa cells. By contrast, a phospho-mimic, in which threonine 117 was mutated to glutamic acid, was unable to localize correctly at any stage in mitosis. Mutation at threonine 117 also prevented immunoprecipitation of INCENP with survivin in vivo. These data suggest that phosphorylation of survivin at threonine 117 by aurora-B may regulate targeting of survivin, and possibly the entire passenger complex, in mammals.
|Exploring the functional interactions between Aurora B, INCENP, and survivin in mitosis.|
Honda, Reiko, et al.
Mol. Biol. Cell, 14: 3325-41 (2003) 2003
The function of the Aurora B kinase at centromeres and the central spindle is crucial for chromosome segregation and cytokinesis, respectively. Herein, we have investigated the regulation of human Aurora B by its complex partners inner centromere protein (INCENP) and survivin. We found that overexpression of a catalytically inactive, dominant-negative mutant of Aurora B impaired the localization of the entire Aurora B/INCENP/survivin complex to centromeres and the central spindle and severely disturbed mitotic progression. Similar results were also observed after depletion, by RNA interference, of either Aurora B, INCENP, or survivin. These data suggest that Aurora B kinase activity and the formation of the Aurora B/INCENP/survivin complex both contribute to its proper localization. Using recombinant proteins, we found that Aurora B kinase activity was stimulated by INCENP and that the C-terminal region of INCENP was sufficient for activation. Under identical assay conditions, survivin did not detectably influence kinase activity. Human INCENP was a substrate of Aurora B and mass spectrometry identified three consecutive residues (threonine 893, serine 894, and serine 895) containing at least two phosphorylation sites. A nonphosphorylatable mutant (TSS893-895AAA) was a poor activator of Aurora B, demonstrating that INCENP phosphorylation is important for kinase activation.