Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H||IP, WB||Rb||Purified||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||0.1M Tris-glycine, pH 7.4, 0.15M NaCl containing 0.05% sodium azide|
|Application||Anti-JAK1 Antibody is an antibody against JAK1 for use in IP & WB.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||2 years at -20°C|
|Material Size||200 µg|
|Anti-JAK1 - 16287||16287|
|Anti-JAK1 - 30810||30810|
|Reference overview||Application||Pub Med ID|
|IKK-i signals through IRF3 and NFkappaB to mediate the production of inflammatory cytokines.|
Sabita Sankar, Henry Chan, William J Romanow, Jianwu Li, R J Bates
Cellular signalling 18 982-93 2006
IKK-i and TBK1 were recently identified as IKK-related kinases that are activated by toll-like receptors TLR3 and TLR4. These kinases were identified as essential components of the virus-activated as well as LPS-MyD88 independent kinase complex that phosphorylates IRF3 and results in the production of cytokines involved in innate immunity. Both IKK-i and TBK1 have also been implicated in the activation of the NFkappaB pathway but the precise mechanism is not clear. Although the literature to date suggests that IKK-i and TBK1 play redundant roles in TLR3 and TLR4 signaling, recent data suggest that there may be subtle differences in the signaling pathways affected by these kinases. We have generated tetracycline-inducible stable cell lines that express a wild type or kinase-inactive mutant form of IKK-i. Our data suggest that expression of IKK-i can activate both NFkappaB and IRF3, leading to the production of several cytokines including interferon beta. IKK-i most likely acts upstream of IKK2 to activate NFkappaB in these cells since expression of the kinase-inactive version of IKK-i did not inhibit TNFalpha mediated production of inflammatory cytokines. The data suggest that IKK-i is not involved in TNF-alpha mediated signaling but instead could likely play a role in activating IKK2 downstream of Toll-like receptor signaling. We also identified STAT1, Tyk2, and JAK1 as secondary mediators of IKK-i signaling as a result of interferon beta production in these cells.
|T cell antigen receptor-mediated activation of the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway controls interleukin 4 receptor function and type-2 helper T cell differentiation.|
Yamashita, M, et al.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 96: 1024-9 (1999) 1999
The central role of type-2 helper T (Th2) cells in the development of allergic responses and immune responses against helminthic parasites is well documented. The differentiation of Th2 cells from naive T cells requires both the recognition of antigen by T cell antigen receptors (TCR) and the activation of downstream signal-transduction molecules of the interleukin 4 receptor (IL-4R) pathway, including Jak1, Jak3, and STAT6. Little is known, however, about how these two distinct pathways cooperate with each other to induce Th2 cells. Here, we use a T cell-specific H-Ras-dominant-negative transgenic mouse to show that TCR-mediated activation of the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway alters IL-4R function and is required for Th2 cell differentiation. The enhancement of IL-4R signaling seems to be a consequence of both direct "crosstalk" with the TCR signaling pathway and increased protein expression of downstream signaling molecules of the IL-4R pathway. Therefore, successful Th2 differentiation depends on the effectiveness of the TCR-mediated activation of the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in modifying the IL-4R-mediated signaling pathway.
|JAK2 associates with the erythropoietin receptor and is tyrosine phosphorylated and activated following stimulation with erythropoietin.|
Witthuhn, B A, et al.
Cell, 74: 227-36 (1993) 1993
Erythropoietin (EPO) regulates the proliferation and differentiation of erythroid cells through interaction with its receptor (EPOR). Although EPOR is a member of the cytokine receptor superfamily and lacks a kinase domain, EPO induces tyrosine phosphorylation, which is correlated with gene transcription and mitogenesis. Here we demonstrate that EPO induces tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK2 kinase and activates its in vitro autophosphorylation. Using EPOR mutants, phosphorylation and activation of kinase activity correlate with the induction of mitogenesis. Furthermore, JAK2 physically associates with a membrane-proximal region of the EPOR cytoplasmic domain that is required for biological activity. The results support the hypothesis that JAK2 is the kinase that couples EPO binding to tyrosine phosphorylation and mitogenesis.
|Identification of JAK2 as a growth hormone receptor-associated tyrosine kinase.|
Argetsinger, L S, et al.
Cell, 74: 237-44 (1993) 1993
Growth hormone receptor (GHR) forms a complex with a tyrosine kinase, suggesting involvement of a ligand-activated tyrosine kinase in intracellular signaling by growth hormone (GH). Here we identify JAK2, a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, as a GHR-associated tyrosine kinase. Immunological approaches were used to establish GH-dependent complex formation between JAK2 and GHR, activation of JAK2 tyrosine kinase activity, and tyrosyl phosphorylation of both JAK2 and GHR. The JAK2-GHR and JAK2-erythropoietin receptor interactions described here and in the accompanying paper provide a molecular basis for involvement of tyrosyl phosphorylation in physiological responses to these ligands and suggest a shared signaling mechanism among members of the cytokine/hematopoietin receptor family.
|Ras-independent growth factor signaling by transcription factor tyrosine phosphorylation.|
Silvennoinen, O, et al.
Science, 261: 1736-9 (1993) 1993
Interferons induce transcriptional activation through tyrosine phosphorylation of the latent, cytoplasmic transcription factor interferon-stimulated gene factor-3 (ISGF-3). Growth factors and cytokines were found to use a similar pathway: The 91-kilodalton subunit of ISGF-3 was activated and tyrosine phosphorylated in response to epidermal growth factor (EGF), platelet-derived growth factor, and colony stimulating factor-1. The tyrosine phosphorylated factor acquired DNA binding activity and accumulated in nuclei. Activation required the major sites for autophosphorylation on the EGF receptor that bind Src homology region 2 domain-containing proteins implicated in Ras activation. However, activation of this factor was independent of the normal functioning of Ras.
|JAK/STAT Signaling Research Focus|