Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, M, R||WB||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-MBP Antibody, clone SKB3|
|Presentation||Protein G Purified immunoglobulin in Immunoaffinity Purified immunoglobulin in 0.02M Phosphate Buffer, 0.25 M NaCl, pH 7.6 with 15 mg/mL BSA containing no preservatives.|
|Application||Detect MBP using this Anti-MBP Antibody, clone SKB3 validated for use in WB.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||50 µg|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Targeting endothelial junctional adhesion molecule-A/ EPAC/ Rap-1 axis as a novel strategy to increase stem cell engraftment in dystrophic muscles.|
Giannotta, Monica, et al.
EMBO Mol Med, 6: 239-58 (2014) 2014
Muscular dystrophies are severe genetic diseases for which no efficacious therapies exist. Experimental clinical treatments include intra-arterial administration of vessel-associated stem cells, called mesoangioblasts (MABs). However, one of the limitations of this approach is the relatively low number of cells that engraft the diseased tissue, due, at least in part, to the sub-optimal efficiency of extravasation, whose mechanisms for MAB are unknown. Leukocytes emigrate into the inflamed tissues by crossing endothelial cell-to-cell junctions and junctional proteins direct and control leukocyte diapedesis. Here, we identify the endothelial junctional protein JAM-A as a key regulator of MAB extravasation. We show that JAM-A gene inactivation and JAM-A blocking antibodies strongly enhance MAB engraftment in dystrophic muscle. In the absence of JAM-A, the exchange factors EPAC-1 and 2 are down-regulated, which prevents the activation of the small GTPase Rap-1. As a consequence, junction tightening is reduced, allowing MAB diapedesis. Notably, pharmacological inhibition of Rap-1 increases MAB engraftment in dystrophic muscle, which results into a significant improvement of muscle function offering a novel strategy for stem cell-based therapies.
|Human neural crest stem cells derived from human ESCs and induced pluripotent stem cells: induction, maintenance, and differentiation into functional schwann cells.|
Liu, Q; Spusta, SC; Mi, R; Lassiter, RN; Stark, MR; Höke, A; Rao, MS; Zeng, X
Stem cells translational medicine 1 266-78 2012
The neural crest (NC) is a transient, multipotent, migratory cell population unique to vertebrates that gives rise to diverse cell lineages. Much of our knowledge of NC development comes from studies of organisms such as chicken and zebrafish because human NC is difficult to obtain because of its transient nature and the limited availability of human fetal cells. Here we examined the process of NC induction from human pluripotent stem cells, including human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). We showed that NC cells could be efficiently induced from hESCs by a combination of growth factors in medium conditioned on stromal cells and that NC stem cells (NCSCs) could be purified by p75 using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). FACS-isolated NCSCs could be propagated in vitro in five passages and cryopreserved while maintaining NCSC identity characterized by the expression of a panel of NC markers such as p75, Sox9, Sox10, CD44, and HNK1. In vitro-expanded NCSCs were able to differentiate into neurons and glia (Schwann cells) of the peripheral nervous system, as well as mesenchymal derivatives. hESC-derived NCSCs appeared to behave similarly to endogenous embryonic NC cells when injected in chicken embryos. Using a defined medium, we were able to generate and propagate a nearly pure population of Schwann cells that uniformly expressed glial fibrillary acidic protein, S100, and p75. Schwann cells generated by our protocol myelinated rat dorsal root ganglia neurons in vitro. To our knowledge, this is the first report on myelination by hESC- or iPSC-derived Schwann cells.
|Alcohol exposure decreases CREB binding protein expression and histone acetylation in the developing cerebellum.|
Guo, W; Crossey, EL; Zhang, L; Zucca, S; George, OL; Valenzuela, CF; Zhao, X
PloS one 6 e19351 2011
Fetal alcohol exposure affects 1 in 100 children making it the leading cause of mental retardation in the US. It has long been known that alcohol affects cerebellum development and function. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is unclear.We demonstrate that CREB binding protein (CBP) is widely expressed in granule and Purkinje neurons of the developing cerebellar cortex of naïve rats. We also show that exposure to ethanol during the 3(rd) trimester-equivalent of human pregnancy reduces CBP levels. CBP is a histone acetyltransferase, a component of the epigenetic mechanism controlling neuronal gene expression. We further demonstrate that the acetylation of both histone H3 and H4 is reduced in the cerebellum of ethanol-treated rats.These findings indicate that ethanol exposure decreases the expression and function of CBP in the developing cerebellum. This effect of ethanol may be responsible for the motor coordination deficits that characterize fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
|Activation of multiple protein kinases during the burst in protein phosphorylation that precedes the first meiotic cell division in Xenopus oocytes.|
Cicirelli, M F, et al.
J. Biol. Chem., 263: 2009-19 (1988) 1988
|Cyclic AMP decreases the phosphorylation state of myelin basic proteins in rat brain cell cultures.|
Ulmer, J B, et al.
J. Biol. Chem., 262: 1748-55 (1987) 1987
Previous work has suggested that myelin basic proteins are phosphorylated prior to their appearance in the myelin sheath (Ulmer, J. B. and Braun, P. E. (1984) Dev. Neurosci. 6, 345-355). In order to corroborate this finding we have examined the phosphorylation of myelin basic proteins in rat brain cell cultures containing 14-17% oligodendrocytes. Incorporation of 32P into the 14-, 17-, 18.5-, and 21.5-kDa myelin basic proteins was observed in cells incubated with 32P at 7, 14, and 21 days in culture. Myelin basic proteins in 14-day cells incorporated 32P linearly until at least 120 min after the addition of isotope. The apparent half-life of myelin basic protein phosphate groups was determined to be approximately 80 min in pulse-chase experiments. However, this value may be an overestimation due to the presence of significant levels of acid-soluble radioactivity in the cells throughout the chase period. The presence of dibutyryl cAMP or 8-bromo-cAMP in the incubation medium substantially inhibited the incorporation of 32P into the myelin basic proteins at all time points studied. The presence of dibutyryl cAMP in the chase medium in pulse-chase experiments resulted in an increase in the turnover rate of [32P] phosphate in the myelin basic proteins. These results indicate that cAMP decreases the phosphorylation state of myelin basic proteins in oligodendrocytes by inhibiting the phosphorylation and/or stimulating the dephosphorylation of myelin basic proteins.
|Identification of multiple in vivo phosphorylation sites in rabbit myelin basic protein.|
Martenson, R E, et al.
J. Biol. Chem., 258: 930-7 (1983) 1983
Myelin basic protein of rabbit brain (Mr = 18,200) was initially freed of the bulk of the nonphosphorylated species (mainly component 1) by Cm-cellulose chromatography at high pH. The remainder of the protein was subjected to peptic digestion at pH 6.00, which resulted in specific, essentially complete cleavage at several bonds (Phe-44--Phe-45, Phe-87--Phe-88, Leu-109--Ser-110, and Leu-151--Phe-152) and partial cleavage at the Tyr-14--Leu-15 bond. Gel filtration of the digest through Sephadex G-25 (fine) yielded three fractions, the first containing primarily peptides 1-44 and 45-87, the second peptides 15-44, 88-109, and 110-151, and the third peptides 1-14 and 152-168. Each fraction was chromatographed on Cm-cellulose at pH 8.2, and the resulting subfractions and partially purified peptides were analyzed for phosphoserine and phosphothreonine. Materials containing significant amounts of the phosphoamino acids were subsequently chromatographed on Cm-cellulose at pH 4.65, and the analyses for phosphoserine and phosphothreonine were repeated. The resulting purified peptic phosphopeptides were identified by amino acid analysis and tryptic peptide mapping. Comparison of the maps with those of the unphosphorylated counterparts located the tryptic phosphopeptides. These were recovered and their identities were established by amino acid analysis. In those cases where the phosphopeptide contained 2 Ser residues, the position of the phosphoserine was established by aminopeptidase M digestion. Five phosphorylation sites were found: Ser-7, Ser-56, Thr-96, Ser-113, and Ser-163. Only a small fraction of these sites was phosphorylated in the total basic protein, with values ranging from about 2 (ser-113) to 6% (Thr-96). With the possible exception of Ser-56, these sites are not the ones that have been reported to be phosphorylated in vitro by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.
|Derivation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells from a human neural stem cell line|
Newsletters / Publications
|Cellutions - The newsletter for Cell Biology Researchers Volume 3: 2011|