Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H||IP, WB||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-TRADD Antibody, clone 3E11|
|Application||Anti-TRADD Antibody, clone 3E11 is an antibody against TRADD for use in IP & WB.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Lyophilized: 2 years at 4°C; Rehydrated: 3 months at -20°C|
|Material Size||100 µg|
|Anti-TRADD, clone 3E11 - 16752||16752|
|Anti-TRADD, clone 3E11 - 21759||21759|
|Anti-TRADD, clone 3E11 - 26281||26281|
|Anti-TRADD, clone 3E11 - 28068||28068|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Molecular determinants of kinase pathway activation by Apo2 ligand/tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand.|
Varfolomeev, E; Maecker, H; Sharp, D; Lawrence, D; Renz, M; Vucic, D; Ashkenazi, A
The Journal of biological chemistry 280 40599-608 2005
Apo2 ligand/tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (Apo2L/TRAIL) mainly activates programmed cell death through caspases. By contrast, TNF primarily induces gene transcription through the inhibitor of kappaB kinase (IKK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways. Apo2L/TRAIL also can stimulate these kinases, albeit less strongly; however, the underlying mechanisms of this stimulation and its relation to apoptosis are not well understood. Here we show that Apo2L/TRAIL activates kinase pathways by promoting the association of a secondary signaling complex, subsequent to assembly of a primary, death-inducing signaling complex (DISC). The secondary complex retained the DISC components FADD and caspase-8, but recruited several factors involved in kinase activation by TNF, namely, RIP1, TRAF2, and NEMO/IKKgamma. Secondary complex formation required Fas-associated death domain (FADD), as well as caspase-8 activity. Apo2L/TRAIL stimulation of JNK and p38 further depended on RIP1 and TRAF2, whereas IKK activation required NEMO. Apo2L/TRAIL induced secretion of interleukin-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, augmenting macrophage migration. Thus, Apo2L/TRAIL and TNF organize common molecular determinants in distinct signaling complexes to stimulate similar kinase pathways. One function of kinase stimulation by Apo2L/TRAIL may be to promote phagocytic engulfment of apoptotic cells.
|Involvement of MACH, a novel MORT1/FADD-interacting protease, in Fas/APO-1- and TNF receptor-induced cell death.|
Boldin, M P, et al.
Cell, 85: 803-15 (1996) 1996
Fas/APO-1 and p55 tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor (p55-R) activate cellular mechanisms that result in cell death. Upon activation of these receptors, Fas/APO-1 binds a protein called MORT1 (or FADD) and p55-R binds a protein called TRADD. MORT1 and TRADD can also bind to each other. We have cloned a novel protein, MACH, that binds to MORT1. This protein exists in multiple isoforms, some of which contain a region that has proteolytic activity and shows marked sequence homology to proteases of the ICE/CED-3 family. Cellular expression of the proteolytic MACH isoforms results in cell death. Expression of MACH isoforms that contain an incomplete ICE/CED-3 region provides effective protection against the cytotoxicity induced by Fas/APO-1 or p55-R triggering. These findings suggest that MACH is the most upstream enzymatic component in the Fas/APO-1- and p55-R-induced cell death signaling cascades.
|Anatomy of TRAF2. Distinct domains for nuclear factor-kappaB activation and association with tumor necrosis factor signaling proteins.|
Takeuchi, M, et al.
J. Biol. Chem., 271: 19935-42 (1996) 1996
The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor (TRAF) family of proteins interact with and transduce signals for members of the TNF receptor superfamily. TRAF1, TRAF2, and TRAF3 share a conserved C-terminal TRAF domain. TRAF2 plays a key role in transducing signals for activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). We have performed extensive mutational analysis on TRAF2, examining the requirements for NF-kappaB activation, self-association, and interaction with other molecules involved in TNF signaling. Examination of point mutants and TRAF2-TRAF3 chimeric proteins indicates that the N-terminal RING finger and two adjacent zinc fingers of TRAF2 are required for NF-kappaB activation. The two distinct TRAF-N and TRAF-C subdomains of the TRAF domain appear to independently mediate self-association and interaction with TRAF1. Interaction of TRAF2 with TNF-R2 and TRADD requires sequences at the C terminus of the TRAF-C domain, whereas interaction with the protein kinase receptor-interacting protein V(RIP) occurs via sequences at the N terminus of the TRAF-C domain. Thus, distinct domains of TRAF2 are involved in recruitment and signaling functions.
|TRADD-TRAF2 and TRADD-FADD interactions define two distinct TNF receptor 1 signal transduction pathways.|
Hsu, H, et al.
Cell, 84: 299-308 (1996) 1996
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) can induce apoptosis and activate NF-kappa B through signaling cascades emanating from TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1). TRADD is a TNFR1-associated signal transducer that is involved in activating both pathways. Here we show that TRADD directly interacts with TRAF2 and FADD, signal transducers that activate NF-kappa B and induce apoptosis, respectively. A TRAF2 mutant lacking its N-terminal RING finger domain is a dominant-negative inhibitor of TNF-mediated NF-kappa B activation, but does not affect TNF-induced apoptosis. Conversely, a FADD mutant lacking its N-terminal 79 amino acids is a dominant-negative inhibitor of TNF-induced apoptosis, but does not inhibit NF-kappa B activation. Thus, these two TNFR1-TRADD signaling cascades appear to bifurcate at TRADD.
|Systematic mutational analysis of the death domain of the tumor necrosis factor receptor 1-associated protein TRADD.|
Park, A and Baichwal, V R
J. Biol. Chem., 271: 9858-62 (1996) 1996
Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNF-R1) mediates most of the biological properties of TNF including activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB and programmed cell death. An approximately 80-amino acid region within the intracellular domain of the receptor, termed the death domain, is required for signaling NF-kappaB activation and cytotoxicity. A TNF-R1-associated protein TRADD has been discovered that interacts with the death domain of the receptor. Elevated expression of TRADD in cells triggers both NF-kappaB activation and programmed cell death pathways. The biological activities of TRADD have been mapped to a 111-amino acid region within the carboxyl-terminal half of the protein. This region shows sequence similarity to the death domain of TNF-R1 and can self-associate and bind to the TNF-R1 death domain. We have performed an alanine scanning mutagenesis of TRADD's death domain to explore the relationship among its various functional properties. Mutations affecting the different activities of TRADD do not map to discrete regions but rather are spread over the entire death domain, suggesting that the death domain is a multifunctional unit. A mutant that separates cell killing from NF-kappaB activation by the TRADD death domain has been identified indicating that these two signaling pathways diverge with TRADD. Additionally, one of the TRADD mutants that fails to activate NF-kappaB was found to act as dominant negative mutant capable of preventing induction of NF-kappaB by TNFalpha. Such observations provide evidence that TRADD performs an obligate role in TNF-induced NF-kappaB activation.
|The TNF receptor 1-associated protein TRADD signals cell death and NF-kappa B activation.|
Hsu, H, et al.
Cell, 81: 495-504 (1995) 1995
Many diverse activities of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) are signaled through TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1). We have identified a novel 34 kDa protein, designated TRADD, that specifically interacts with an intracellular domain of TNFR1 known to be essential for mediating programmed cell death. Overexpression of TRADD leads to two major TNF-induced responses, apoptosis and activation of NF-kappa B. The C-terminal 118 amino acids of TRADD are sufficient to trigger both of these activities and likewise sufficient for interaction with the death domain of TNFR1. TRADD-mediated cell death can be suppressed by the crmA gene, which encodes a specific inhibitor of the interleukin-1 beta-converting enzyme. However, NF-kappa B activation by TRADD is not inhibited by crmA expression, demonstrating that the signaling pathways for TNF-induced cell death and NF-kappa B activation are distinct.