CBL412X | Anti-Tubulin β-III Antibody, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor®488 Conjugated

CBL412X
40 µL  
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      Overview

      Replacement Information

      Key Spec Table

      Species ReactivityKey ApplicationsHostFormatAntibody Type
      B, H, Pm, M, Po, RICC, IF, WB, IHC, IPMAlexaFluor®488Monoclonal Antibody
      Description
      Catalogue NumberCBL412X
      DescriptionAnti-Tubulin β-III Antibody, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor®488 Conjugated
      Alternate Names
      • Tubulin beta-4
      • Tubulin beta-III
      • tubulin, beta 3
      • tubulin, beta 4
      Background InformationTubulin is one of several members of a small family of globular proteins which polymerize to form cytoskeletal structures called microtubules. The most common members of the tubulin family are α-tubulin and β-tubulin. Tubulin dimers, typically composed of α- and β-tubulin subunits, assemble onto microtubules forming large polymers. β-III tubulin is a unique microtubule subunit that is found expressed almost exclusively in neurons. Due to the unique expression pattern of β-III tubulin it is often utilized as a marker to identify neuronal cells from other brain cells such as glia which do not express it. β-III tubulin also serves as a cytoarchitectural marker since it is primarily found within neurite extensions.
      References
      Product Information
      FormatAlexaFluor®488
      Control
      • Rat Cortex Cells.
      PresentationPurified immunoglobulin in 0.02M Phosphate buffer, 0.25M NaCl containing 0.05% sodium azide.
      Applications
      ApplicationDetect Tubulin β-III using this Anti-Tubulin β-III Antibody, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor®488 Conjugated validated for use in IC, IF, WB, IH & IP.
      Key Applications
      • Immunocytochemistry
      • Immunofluorescence
      • Western Blotting
      • Immunohistochemistry
      • Immunoprecipitation
      Application NotesImmunohistochemistry: 5-10 µg/mL on frozen brain tissue.
      Although this conjugated antibody will work for Western blotting and Immunoprecipitation, we recommend catalog number CBL412 if these are your primary applications.
      Optimal working concentration must be determined by end user.
      Biological Information
      EpitopeC-terminus
      CloneTU-20
      ConcentrationPlease refer to the Certificate of Analysis for the lot-specific concentration.
      HostMouse
      SpecificityThis antibody reacts with the C-terminus of the beta-III isoform of tubulin, which is known to be neuron specific. Does not identify beta tubulin found in glial cells.
      IsotypeIgG1
      Species Reactivity
      • Bovine
      • Human
      • Primate
      • Mouse
      • Pig
      • Rat
      Species Reactivity NoteReacts with Bovine, Human, Primate, Mouse, Porcine (Pig), and Rat. Reactivity with other species has not been determined.
      Antibody TypeMonoclonal Antibody
      Entrez Gene Number
      Entrez Gene SummaryThis gene encodes a class III member of the beta tubulin protein family. Beta tubulins are one of two core protein families (alpha and beta tubulins) that heterodimerize and assemble to form microtubules. This protein is primarily expressed in neurons and may be involved in neurogenesis and axon guidance and maintenance. Mutations in this gene are the cause of congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles type 3. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A pseudogene of this gene is found on chromosome 6. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010].
      Gene Symbol
      • MC1R
      • TUBB4
      • beta-4
      Purification MethodProtein G Purified
      UniProt Number
      UniProt SummaryFUNCTION: Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha-chain. TUBB3 plays a critical role in proper axon guidance and mantainance.
      SUBUNIT STRUCTURE: Dimer of alpha and beta chains.
      SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm › cytoskeleton.
      TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Expression is primarily restricted to central and peripheral nervous system. Greatly increased expression in most cancerous tissues.
      DOMAIN: The highly acidic C-terminal region may bind cations such as calcium.
      PTM: Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglutamylated. This modification occurs exclusively on glutamate residues and results in polyglutamate chains on the gamma-carboxyl group. Also monoglycylated but not polyglycylated due to the absence of functional TTLL10 in human. Monoglycylation is mainly limited to tubulin incorporated into axonemes (cilia and flagella) whereas glutamylation is prevalent in neuronal cells, centrioles, axonemes, and the mitotic spindle. Both modifications can coexist on the same protein on adjacent residues, and lowering glycylation levels increases polyglutamylation, and reciprocally. The precise function of such modifications is still unclear but they regulate the assembly and dynamics of axonemal microtubules Probable.
      Phosphorylated on Ser-172 by CDK1 during the cell cycle, from metaphase to telophase, but not in interphase. This phosphorylation inhibits tubulin incorporation into microtubules.
      INVOLVEMENT IN DISEASE: Defects in TUBB3 are the cause of congenital fibrosis of extraocular muscles type 3A (CFEOM3A) [MIM:600638]. A congenital ocular motility disorder marked by restrictive ophthalmoplegia affecting extraocular muscles innervated by the oculomotor and/or trochlear nerves. It is clinically characterized by anchoring of the eyes in downward gaze, ptosis, and backward tilt of the head. Congenital fibrosis of extraocular muscles type 3 presents as a non-progressive, autosomal dominant disorder with variable expression. Patients may be bilaterally or unilaterally affected, and their oculo-motility defects range from complete ophthalmoplegia (with the eyes fixed in a hypo- and exotropic position), to mild asymptomatic restrictions of ocular movement. Ptosis, refractive error, amblyopia, and compensatory head positions are associated with the more severe forms of the disorder. In some cases the ocular phenotype is accompanied by additional features including developmental delay, corpus callosum agenesis, basal ganglia dysmorphism, facial weakness, polyneuropathy.
      SEQUENCE SIMILARITIES: Belongs to the tubulin family.
      Molecular Weight50 kDa
      Physicochemical Information
      Dimensions
      Materials Information
      Toxicological Information
      Safety Information according to GHS
      Safety Information
      Product Usage Statements
      Quality AssuranceRoutinely tested cortical neurons in Immunocytochemistry.
      Immunocytochemical Analysis: 1:250 dilution of this lot detected β-III tubulin in rat cortex cell culture.
      Usage Statement
      • Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.
      Storage and Shipping Information
      Storage ConditionsStable for 6 months at 2-8°C from date of receipt.
      Packaging Information
      Material Size40 µL
      Transport Information
      Supplemental Information
      Specifications

      Documentation

      SDS

      Title

      Safety Data Sheet (SDS) 

      Certificates of Analysis

      TitleLot Number
      Anti-Tubulin #946;-III, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor#174;488 Conjugated - 1942010 1942010
      Anti-Tubulin #946;-III, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor#174;488 Conjugated - 2028602 2028602
      Anti-Tubulin #946;-III, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor#174;488 Conjugated - NG1618276 NG1618276
      Anti-Tubulin #946;-III, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor#174;488 Conjugated - NG1698995 NG1698995
      Anti-Tubulin #946;-III, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor#174;488 Conjugated - NG1750558 NG1750558
      Anti-Tubulin #946;-III, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor#174;488 Conjugated - NG1823953 NG1823953
      Anti-Tubulin #946;-III, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor#174;488 Conjugated - NG1855826 NG1855826
      Anti-Tubulin -III, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor#174;488 Conjugated - 1997495 1997495
      Anti-Tubulin -III, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor#174;488 Conjugated - 2063206 2063206
      Anti-Tubulin -III, clone TU-20, Alexa Fluor#174;488 Conjugated - 2202487 2202487

      References

      Reference overviewPub Med ID
      A BMP7 Variant Inhibits Tumor Angiogenesis In Vitro and In Vivo through Direct Modulation of Endothelial Cell Biology.
      Tate, CM; Mc Entire, J; Pallini, R; Vakana, E; Wyss, L; Blosser, W; Ricci-Vitiani, L; D'Alessandris, QG; Morgante, L; Giannetti, S; Larocca, LM; Todaro, M; Benfante, A; Colorito, ML; Stassi, G; De Maria, R; Rowlinson, S; Stancato, L
      PloS one  10  e0125697  2015

      Show Abstract
      25919028 25919028

      Brochure

      Title
      AXIS: Axon Investigation System

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      Life Science Research > Antibodies and Assays > Primary Antibodies