Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, M, R||IP, WB||Rb||Purified||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||0.1M Tris-glycine, pH 7.4, 0.15M NaCl, 0.05% sodium azide before the addition of glycerol to 30%|
|Application||Anti-WAVE/Scar Antibody is an antibody against WAVE/Scar for use in IP & WB.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||2 years at -20°C|
|Material Size||100 µg|
|Anti-WAVE/Scar (rabbit polyclonal IgG)||2975283|
|Anti-WAVE/Scar - 19562||19562|
|Anti-WAVE/Scar - 26517||26517|
|AntiAnti -WAVE/Scar -2819401||2819401|
|Reference overview||Application||Pub Med ID|
|Novel role of Rac1/WAVE signaling mechanism in regulation of the epithelial Na+ channel.|
Karpushev, AV; Levchenko, V; Ilatovskaya, DV; Pavlov, TS; Staruschenko, A
Hypertension 57 996-1002 2011
The epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) is an essential channel responsible for Na(+) reabsorption in the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron. Consequently, ENaC is a major effector impacting systemic blood volume and pressure. We have shown recently that Rac1 increases ENaC activity, whereas Cdc42 fails to change channel activity. Here we tested whether Rac1 signaling plays a physiological role in modulating ENaC in native tissue and polarized epithelial cells. We found that Rac1 inhibitor NSC23766 markedly decreased ENaC activity in freshly isolated collecting ducts. Knockdown of Rac1 in native principal cells decreased ENaC-mediated sodium reabsorption and the number of channels at the apical plasma membrane. Members of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) family play a central role in the control of the actin cytoskeleton. N-WASP functions downstream of Cdc42, whereas WAVEs are effectors of Rac1 activity. N-WASP and all 3 isoforms of WAVE significantly increased ENaC activity when coexpressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. However, wiskostatin, an inhibitor of N-WASP, had no effect on ENaC activity. Immunoblotting demonstrated the presence of WAVE1 and WAVE2 and absence of N-WASP and WAVE3 in mpkCCD(c14) and M-1 principal cells. Immunohistochemistry analysis also revealed localization of WAVE1 and WAVE2 but not N-WASP in the cortical collecting duct of Sprague-Dawley rat kidneys. Moreover, patch clamp analysis revealed that Rac1 and WAVE1/2 are parts of the same signaling pathway with respect to activation of ENaC. Thus, our findings suggest that Rac1 is essential for ENaC activity and regulates the channel via WAVE proteins.
|Identification of two human WAVE/SCAR homologues as general actin regulatory molecules which associate with the Arp2/3 complex.|
Suetsugu, S, et al.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 260: 296-302 (1999) 1999
WAVE/SCAR protein was identified as a protein which has similarity to WASP and N-WASP, especially in its C terminal. Recently, WAVE/SCAR protein has been shown to cooperate with the Arp2/3 complex, a nucleation core for actin polymerization in vitro. However, in spite of its general function, WAVE/SCAR expression is mainly restricted to the brain, suggesting the existence of related molecule(s). We here identified two human WAVE/SCAR homologues, which cover other organs. We named the original WAVE1 and newly identified ones WAVE2 and WAVE3. WAVE2 had a very wide distribution with strong expression in peripheral blood leukocytes and mapped on chromosome Xp11.21, next to the WASP locus. WAVE3 and WAVE1 had similar distributions. WAVE3 was strongly expressed in brain and mapped on chromosome 13q12. WAVE1 was mapped on chromosome 6q21-22. Ectopically expressed WAVE2 and WAVE3 induced actin filament clusters in a similar manner with WAVE1. These actin cluster formations were suppressed by deletion of their C-terminal VPH (verproline homology)/WH2 (WASP homology 2) domain. Further, WAVE2 and WAVE3 associate with the Arp2/3 complex as does WAVE1. Our identification of WAVE homologues suggests that WAVE family proteins have general function for regulating the actin cytoskeleton in many tissues.