05-746R-25UL | Anti-phospho-Histone H3 (Thr3) Antibody, clone JY325 (rabbit monoclonal)

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25 µL  
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      Overview

      Replacement Information
      Description
      Catalogue Number05-746R-25UL
      DescriptionAnti-phospho-Histone H3 (Thr3) Antibody, clone JY325 (rabbit monoclonal)
      Alternate Names
      • Histone H3.1
      • Histone H3/a
      • Histone H3/b
      • Histone H3/c
      • Histone H3/d
      • Histone H3/f
      • Histone H3/h
      • Histone H3/I
      • Histone H3/j
      • Histone H3/k
      • Histone H3/l
      Background InformationHistone H3 is one of the five main histone proteins involved in the structure of chromatin in eukaryotic cells. Featuring a main globular domain and a long N-terminal tail, H3 is involved with the structure of the nucleosomes of the 'beads on a string' structure. The N-terminal tail of histone H3 protrudes from the globular nucleosome core and can undergo several different types of epigenetic modifications that influence cellular processes. These modifications include the covalent attachment of methyl or acetyl groups to lysine and arginine amino acids and the phosphorylation of serine or threonine. High levels of phosphorylation of Histone H3 are associated with mitosis. Consistent with this role, Histone H3 phosphorylated at threonine 3 has been shown to be recognized by the BIR domain Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family.
      References
      Product Information
      FormatPurified
      Control
      • Colcemid treated HeLa acid extract and recombinant Histone H3 negative control.
      PresentationPurified rabbit monoclonal IgG in buffer containing 0.1 M Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 150 mM NaCl with 0.05% sodium azide and 40% glycerol.
      Applications
      ApplicationAnti-phospho-Histone H3 (Thr3) Antibody, clone JY325 is a Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody for detection of phospho-Histone H3 (Thr3) also known as Histone H3.1 & has been validated in WB, PIA.
      Key Applications
      • Western Blotting
      • Peptide Inhibition Assay
      Application NotesPeptide Block Analysis: This antibody peptide blocked on colcemid treated HeLa cell extracts.
      Biological Information
      ImmunogenKLH-conjugated linear peptide corresponding to human Histone H3 phosphorylated at Thr3.
      EpitopePhosphorylated Thr3
      CloneJY325
      ConcentrationPlease refer to lot specific datasheet.
      HostRabbit
      SpecificityThis antibody recognizes Histone H3 phosphorylated at Thr3.
      IsotypeIgG
      Species Reactivity
      • Human
      Antibody TypeMonoclonal Antibody
      Entrez Gene Number
      Entrez Gene SummaryHistones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. This structure consists of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a nucleosome, an octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a member of the histone H3 family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails; instead, they contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the large histone gene cluster on chromosome 6p22-p21.3. [provided by RefSeq].
      Gene Symbol
      • HIST1H3A
      • H3FA
      • HIST1H3B
      • H3FL
      • HIST1H3C
      • H3FC
      • HIST1H3D
      • H3FB
      • HIST1H3E
      • H3FD
      • HIST1H3F
      • H3FI
      • HIST1H3G
      • H3FH
      • HIST1H3H
      • H3FK
      • HIST1H3I
      • H3FF
      • HIST1H3J
      • H3FJ
      Modifications
      • Phosphorylation
      Purification MethodProtein A
      UniProt Number
      UniProt SummaryFUNCTION: Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.

      SUBUNIT STRUCTURE: The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.

      SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Nucleus.

      DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: Expressed during S phase, then expression strongly decreases as cell division slows down during the process of differentiation.

      PTM: Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8sme2). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me).

      Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.

      Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8sme2) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.

      Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin.

      Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by GSG2/haspin during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, probably by DAPK3 By similarity. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11, which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MLTK isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Ref.15 Ref.16 Ref.18 Ref.19 Ref.23 Ref.24 Ref.27 Ref.35 Ref.37

      Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.

      MISCELLANEOUS: This histone is only present in mammals and is enriched in acetylation of Lys-15 and dimethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me2).

      SEQUENCE SIMILARITIES: Belongs to the histone H3 family.
      Molecular Weight~17 kDa observed
      Physicochemical Information
      Dimensions
      Materials Information
      Toxicological Information
      Safety Information according to GHS
      Safety Information
      Product Usage Statements
      Quality AssuranceEvaluated by Western Blot using colcemid treated HeLa acid extract and recombinant Histone H3 negative control.

      Western Blot Analysis: 1:8,000 dilution of this antibody detected Histone H3 in 10 µg of colcemid treated HeLa acid extract.
      Usage Statement
      • Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.
      Storage and Shipping Information
      Storage ConditionsStable for 1 year at -20°C from date of receipt.
      Handling Recommendations: Upon receipt and prior to removing the cap, centrifuge the vial and gently mix the solution. Aliquot into microcentrifuge tubes and store at -20°C. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles, which may damage IgG and affect product performance.
      Note: Variability in freezer temperatures below -20°C may cause glycerol containing solutions to become frozen during storage.
      Packaging Information
      Material Size25 µL
      Transport Information
      Supplemental Information
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