|MiR-134 functions as a regulator of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration involving lung septation.|
Xiaoying Zhang,Hui Wang,Sheng Zhang,Jie Song,Yupei Zhang,Xiujuan Wei,Zhichun Feng
In vitro cellular & developmental biology. Animal
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 21-25 nt long non-coding RNA that modulate various biological processes, including developmental timing via regulating the expression of their target genes. One critical determinant of normal postnatal lung architecture is septation, and there are many miRNAs involved in the development process. miR-134 is reported as a powerful inducer of pluripotent stem cell differentiation, and we have found that miR-134 is strongly downregulated during mice lung septation (from postnatal Day 2 to postnatal Day 21). Further cell function experiments have revealed that over-expression of miR-134 in A549 and Calu-3 cells can promote cell proliferation and inhibit cell apoptosis and migration abilities in vitro, and the down-expression of miR-134 in cells can act in the opposite way, which indicate that miR-134 is associated with lung septation. This study provides a basis for further investigation of its function in lung development.
|The role of Cdk5 in retinoic acid-induced apoptosis of cervical cancer cell line.|
Hung-Shou Kuo,Fu-Ning Hsu,Ming-Ching Chiang,Shuen-Chi You,Mei-Chih Chen,Ming-Jae Lo,Ho Lin
The Chinese journal of physiology
Cdk5 is a small serine/threonine protein kinase which belongs to Cdk family. Unlike other Cdk members, so far Cdk5 is known to be irrelevant in cell cycle. Cdk5 kinase activity is regulated by binding with its activator, p35. Our previous results indicate that CdkS and p35 are involved in drugs-induced apoptosis of prostate cancer cells. Retinoic acid (RA) is one of the vitamin A-related compounds. Because of its potency on biological functions, it has been widely studied in its novel actions including the ability to inhibit cancer cell growth and to induce apoptosis. Here, we report that RA treatment decreased the growth of human cervical cancer cell line, HeLa, and Cdk5 contributed to this effect. The involvement of Cdk5 in RA-reduced cell survival was performed by treatments of Cdk5 inhibitor and siRNA. We further identified that RA-induced growth inhibition was partly correlated to Cdk5 activity-related apoptosis by detecting cell cycle distribution of sub G1 phase and the signals of Annexin V staining. In addition, our results also indicated that Cdk5 activity was involved in RA-induced HeLa apoptosis by detecting cleavages of caspase-3 and its substrate, PARP (poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases) Interestingly, the nuclear localizations of Cdk5 and p35 proteins were increased by RA treatment, which, again, suggests the involvement of Cdk5 and p35 in RA-induced apoptotic effects. In conclusion, we provide evidence to suggest that Cdk5 and p35 might play important roles in RA-induced HeLa apoptosis.
|The C-terminal pentapeptide of Nanog tryptophan repeat domain interacts with Nac1 and regulates stem cell proliferation but not pluripotency.|
Tianhua Ma, Zhe Wang, Yunqian Guo, Duanqing Pei
The Journal of biological chemistry
Overexpression of Nanog in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells has been shown to abrogate the requirement of leukemia inhibitory factor for self-renewal in culture. Little is known about the molecular mechanism of Nanog function. Here we describe the role of the tryptophan repeat (WR) domain, one of the two transactivators at its C terminus, in regulating stem cell proliferation as well as pluripotency. We first created a supertransactivator, W2W3x10, by duplicating repeats W2W3 10 times and discovered that it can functionally substitute for wild type WR at sustaining pluripotency, albeit with a significantly slower cell cycle, phenocopying Nanog(9W) with the C-terminal pentapeptide (WNAAP) of WR deleted. ES cells carrying both W2W3x10 and Nanog(9W) have a longer G1 phase, a shorter S phase in cell cycle distribution and progression analysis, and a lower level of pAkt(Ser473) compared with wild type Nanog, suggesting that both mutants impact the cell cycle machinery via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway. Both mutants remain competent in dimerizing with Nanog but cannot form a complex with Nac1 efficiently, suggesting that WNAAP may be involved in Nac1 binding. By tagging Gal4DBD with WNAAP, we demonstrated that this pentapeptide is sufficient to confer Nac1 binding. Furthermore, we can rescue W2W3x10 by placing WNAAP at the corresponding locations. Finally, we found that Nanog and Nac1 synergistically up-regulate ERas expression and promote the proliferation of ES cells. These results suggest that Nanog interacts with Nac1 through WNAAP to regulate the cell cycle of ES cells via the ERas/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway, but not pluripotency, thus decoupling cell cycle control from pluripotency.Full Text Article