Key Spec Table
|Stem Cell Type||
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||When stored at 2-8º C, the kit components are stable up to the expiration date. Do not freeze or expose to elevated temperatures. Discard any remaining reagents after the expiration date.|
|Material Size||100 assays|
|ES Cell Characterization Kit -2550570||2550570|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Reprogrammed keratinocytes from elderly type 2 diabetes patients suppress senescence genes to acquire induced pluripotency.|
Ohmine, S; Squillace, KA; Hartjes, KA; Deeds, MC; Armstrong, AS; Thatava, T; Sakuma, T; Terzic, A; Kudva, Y; Ikeda, Y
Aging 4 60-73 2012
Nuclear reprogramming enables patient-specific derivation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from adult tissue. Yet, iPS generation from patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) has not been demonstrated. Here, we report reproducible iPS derivation of epidermal keratinocytes (HK) from elderly T2D patients. Transduced with human OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC stemness factors under serum-free and feeder-free conditions, reprogrammed cells underwent dedifferentiation with mitochondrial restructuring, induction of endogenous pluripotency genes - including NANOG, LIN28, and TERT, and down-regulation of cytoskeletal, MHC class I- and apoptosis-related genes. Notably, derived iPS clones acquired a rejuvenated state, characterized by elongated telomeres and suppressed senescence-related p15INK4b/p16INK4a gene expression and oxidative stress signaling. Stepwise guidance with lineage-specifying factors, including Indolactam V and GLP-1, redifferentiated HK-derived iPS clones into insulin-producing islet-like progeny. Thus, in elderly T2D patients, reprogramming of keratinocytes ensures a senescence-privileged status yielding iPS cells proficient for regenerative applications.
|Generation of transgene-free lung disease-specific human induced pluripotent stem cells using a single excisable lentiviral stem cell cassette.|
Aba Somers,Jyh-Chang Jean,Cesar A Sommer,Amel Omari,Christopher C Ford,Jason A Mills,Lei Ying,Andreia Gianotti Sommer,Jenny M Jean,Brenden W Smith,Robert Lafyatis,Marie-France Demierre,Daniel J Weiss,Deborah L French,Paul Gadue,George J Murphy,Gustavo Mostoslavsky,Darrell N Kotton
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio) 28 2010
The development of methods to achieve efficient reprogramming of human cells while avoiding the permanent presence of reprogramming transgenes represents a critical step toward the use of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) for clinical purposes, such as disease modeling or reconstituting therapies. Although several methods exist for generating iPSC free of reprogramming transgenes from mouse cells or neonatal normal human tissues, a sufficiently efficient reprogramming system is still needed to achieve the widespread derivation of disease-specific iPSC from humans with inherited or degenerative diseases. Here, we report the use of a humanized version of a single lentiviral stem cell cassette vector to accomplish efficient reprogramming of normal or diseased skin fibroblasts obtained from humans of virtually any age. Simultaneous transfer of either three or four reprogramming factors into human target cells using this single vector allows derivation of human iPSC containing a single excisable viral integration that on removal generates human iPSC free of integrated transgenes. As a proof of principle, here we apply this strategy to generate >100 lung disease-specific iPSC lines from individuals with a variety of diseases affecting the epithelial, endothelial, or interstitial compartments of the lung, including cystic fibrosis, α-1 antitrypsin deficiency-related emphysema, scleroderma, and sickle-cell disease. Moreover, we demonstrate that human iPSC generated with this approach have the ability to robustly differentiate into definitive endoderm in vitro, the developmental precursor tissue of lung epithelia.
|Cardiac commitment of primate embryonic stem cells.|
Leschik J. et al.
Nat. Protoc. 3(9) 1381-1387 2008
Primate nonhuman and human embryonic stem (ES) cells provide a powerful model of early cardiogenesis. Furthermore, engineering of cardiac progenitors or cardiomyocytes from ES cells offers a tool for drug screening in toxicology or to search for molecules to improve and scale up the process of cardiac differentiation using high-throughput screening technology, as well as a source of cell therapy of heart failure. Spontaneous differentiation of ES cells into cardiomyocytes is, however, limited. Herein, we describe a simple protocol to commit both rhesus and human ES cells toward a cardiac lineage and to sort out early cardiac progenitors. Primate ES cells are challenged for 4 d with the cardiogenic morphogen bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) and sorted out using anti-SSEA-1 antibody-conjugated magnetic beads. Cardiac progenitor cells can be generated and isolated in 4 d using this protocol.
|Co-localization of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2-, octomer-4- and CD34-positive cells in rabbit atherosclerotic plaques.|
Anthony Zulli, Sudarshan Rai, Brian F Buxton, Louise M Burrell, David L Hare
Experimental physiology 93 564-9 2008
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a novel enzyme with possible implications in the treatment of blood pressure disorders. Recent evidence suggests that an upregulation of ACE2 can be stimulated by all-trans retinoic acid (at-RA); however, at-RA also affects regulation of the stem-cell marker octomer-4 (Oct-4) and thus cellular differentiation. We have previously shown that smooth muscle cells and macrophages present within rabbit atherosclerotic plaques are positive for ACE2, Oct-4 and the haematopoietic stem-cell marker CD34. Thus, to provide evidence that possible at-RA treatment could affect both plaque cellular biology (via effects on cellular differentiation) and blood pressure (via ACE2), it is vital to show that cells with atherosclerotic plaques co-express all three markers. Thus, we sought to provide evidence that a subset of cells within atherosclerotic plaques is positive for ACE2, Oct-4 and CD34. We used New Zealand White rabbits that were fed a control diet supplemented with 0.5% cholesterol plus 1% methionine for 4 weeks and then allowed to consume a normal diet for 10 weeks. Immunohistochemistry was performed by standard techniques. We report that ACE2, Oct-4 and CD34 were all present within atherosclerotic plaques. Although macrophages were positive for all three markers, spindle-shaped cells in the media did not show all three markers. The endothelium overlying normal arterial wall showed positive Oct-4 and ACE2 immunoreactivity, but CD34 immunoreactivity was patchy, indicating that such cells might not have fully differentiated. It is concluded that cells in atherosclerotic plaques express co-express ACE2, Oct-4 and CD34. Further studies aimed at establishing the effects of all-trans retinoic acid on blood pressure and atherosclerotic cell differentiation are warranted.
|Establishment and characterization of new human embryonic stem cell lines.|
Findikli, Necati, et al.
Reprod. Biomed. Online, 10: 617-27 (2005) 2005
Human embryonic stem cells (hESC), with their ability to differentiate into all cell types in the human body, are likely to play a very important therapeutic role in a variety of neurodegenerative and life-threatening disorders in the near future. Although more than 120 different human embryonic stem cell lines have been reported worldwide, only a handful are currently available for researchers, which limits the number of studies that can be performed. This study reports the isolation, establishment and characterization of new human embryonic stem cell lines, as well as their differentiation potential into variety of somatic cell types. Blastocyst-stage embryos donated for research after assisted reproductive techniques were used for embryonic stem cell isolation. A total of 31 blastocysts were processed either for immunosurgery or direct culture methods for inner cell mass isolation. A total of nine primary stem cell colonies were isolated and of these, seven cell lines were further expanded and passaged. Established lines were characterized by their cellular and colony morphology, karyotypes and immunocytochemical properties. They were also successfully cryopreserved/thawed and showed similar growth and cellular properties upon thawing. When induced to differentiate in vitro, these cells formed a variety of somatic cell lineages including cells of endoderm, ectoderm and mesoderm origin. There is now an exponentially growing interest in stem cell biology as well as its therapeutic applications for life-threatening human diseases. However, limited availability of stem cell lines as well as financial or ethical limitations restrict the number of research projects. The establishment of new hESC lines may create additional potential sources for further worldwide and nationwide research on stem cells.
|Human Stem Cell Systems|
|ES Cell Characterization Kit - Data Sheet|