Tabela kluczowych gatunków
|Key Applications||Format||Host||Detection Methods|
|Antibody Type||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Product Usage Statements|
|Material Size||2 mL|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|β-catenin specifies the endomesoderm and defines the posterior organizer of the hemichordate Saccoglossus kowalevskii. |
Darras S, Gerhart J, Terasaki M, Kirschner M, Lowe CJ
Development (Cambridge, England) 138 959-70. 2011
The canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway is a key regulator of body plan organization and axis formation in metazoans, being involved in germ layer specification, posterior growth and patterning of the anteroposterior axis. Results from animals spanning a wide phylogenetic range suggest that a unifying function of β-catenin in metazoans is to define the posterior/vegetal part of the embryo. Although the specification of vegetal territories (endoderm) by β-catenin has been demonstrated in distantly related animals (cnidarians, a protostome, echinoderms and ascidians), the definition of the posterior part of the embryo is well supported only for vertebrates and planarians. To gain insights into β-catenin functions during deuterostome evolution, we have studied the early development of the direct developing hemichordate Saccoglossus kowalevskii. We show that the zygote is polarized after fertilization along the animal-vegetal axis by cytoplasmic rearrangements resembling the ascidian vegetal contraction. This early asymmetry is translated into nuclear accumulation of β-catenin at the vegetal pole, which is necessary and sufficient to specify endomesoderm. We show that endomesoderm specification is crucial for anteroposterior axis establishment in the ectoderm. The endomesoderm secretes as yet unidentified signals that posteriorize the ectoderm, which would otherwise adopt an anterior fate. Our results point to a conserved function at the base of deuterostomes for β-catenin in germ layer specification and to a causal link in the definition of the posterior part of the embryonic ectoderm by way of activating posteriorizing endomesodermal factors. Consequently, the definition of the vegetal and the posterior regions of the embryo by β-catenin should be distinguished and carefully re-examined.
|Improved detection of respiratory viruses in pediatric outpatients with acute respiratory illness by real-time PCR using nasopharyngeal flocked swabs |
Munywoki PK, Hamid F, Mutunga M, Welch S, Cane P, Nokes DJ
Journal of clinical microbiology 49 3365-7. Epub 2011 Jul 20. 2011
Detection of respiratory viruses by real-time multiplexed PCR (M-PCR) and of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) by M-PCR and immunofluorescence (IF) was evaluated using specimens collected by nasopharyngeal flocked swabbing (NFS) and nasal washes (NW). In children with mild respiratory illness, NFS collection was superior to NW collection for detection of viruses by M-PCR (sensitivity, 89.6% versus 79.2%; P = 0.0043). NFS collection was noninferior to NW collection in the detection of RSV by IF.
|Nitric oxide regulates Angiopoietin1/Tie2 expression after stroke. |
Alex Zacharek, Jieli Chen, Chunling Zhang, Xu Cui, Cynthia Roberts, Hao Jiang, Hua Teng, Michael Chopp
Neuroscience letters 404 28-32 2006
We tested whether the nitric oxide donor, (Z)-1-[N-(2-aminoethyl)-N-(2-ammonioethyl) aminio] diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (DETA-NONOate), increases expression of Angiopoietin (Ang1)/Tie2, which may play a role in regulating angiogenesis and vascular integrity after stroke in rats. Wistar rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion and treated with or without DETA-NONOate. Stroke rats treated with DETA-NONOate show significantly increased Ang1, Tie2 and Occludin expression in the ischemic border compared with control stroke animals (p 0.05). Consistent with in vivo data, DETA-NONOate promotes capillary tube formation in cultured brain endothelial cells. Neutralizing Ang1 antibody attenuates DETA-NONOate-induced capillary tube formation. The data suggest that the Ang1/Tie2 axis promotes DETA-NONOate-induced angiogenesis and stabilizes of angiogenic vessels after stroke.Pełny tekst artykułu
|QuickVue influenza test for rapid detection of influenza A and B viruses in a pediatric population. |
Quach, Caroline, et al.
Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol., 9: 925-6 (2002) 2002
The performance of a lateral-flow immunoassay, the QuickVue Influenza Test, for detection of influenza A and B viruses in comparison with that of cell culture was evaluated by using nasopharyngeal aspirates, in viral transport medium, from children with respiratory tract infections. The sensitivity and specificity were 79.2 and 82.6%, respectively.
|ApoA-I secretion by rabbit intestinal mucosa cell cultures. |
T L Carlson,B A Kottke
Lipids 26 1991
Lipid and apolipoprotein (apo) A-I concentrations in different density fractions of New Zealand White (NZW) and Watanabe (WHHL) rabbit plasma were studied. Aside from the low plasma apoA-I and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels in WHHL rabbits, the distribution of apoA-I was also different between the two rabbits. ApoA-I was concentrated in both the HDL2 and HDL3 fractions of NZW rabbits but was found primarily in the HDL3 fraction of WHHL rabbits. ApoA-I secretion in these two rabbits was further studied in vitro by using intestinal and hepatocyte cell cultures. ApoA-I secretion was highest from cultures of the duodenum and the proximal end of the jejunum; whereas, cell cultures of the distal end of the small intestine secreted very little apoA-I into the medium. Intestinal cell cultures from WHHL rabbits secreted less, but significant amounts of, apoA-I compared to that of NZW rabbits. ApoA-I was most concentrated in the density range of 1.12-1.21 (HDL3) fraction in medium containing 10% fetal calf serum (FCS). Serum-free medium promoted apoA-I secretion by intestinal cell cultures that was mostly found in the d greater than 1.21 (lipoprotein-deficient) fraction. Hepatocytes isolated from the same rabbits by collagenase perfusion secreted little apoA-I, and it was found only in the d greater than 1.21 fraction. The addition of oleic acid into the culture medium with 10% FCS decreased the secretion of total apoA-I and HDL by intestinal cell cultures and increased the secretion of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and intermediate density lipoproteins (IDL).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)