Merck Chemicals

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Conditions of Sale

If you are purchasing Merck products please refer to the Conditions of Sale of Merck KGaA >>

If you are purchasing Calbiochem®, Novabiochem® or Novagen® products please refer to the Conditions of Sale of Merck Chemicals Ltd.  >>

Conditions of Sale of Merck KGaA

Clause 1 Scope, divergent terms

1. The following General Terms of Delivery apply to all deliveries, services and offers by Merck KGaA (referred to hereinbelow as “Merck”). By concluding of the contract, the purchaser recognizes the exclusive application thereof. The following terms apply to all business dealings between Merck and the purchaser even if their application has not been expressly agreed again.

Other contrary terms of the purchaser or terms of the purchaser which diverge from the following terms of delivery are not part of this contract even if Merck does not expressly reject them and makes delivery to the purchaser without reservation in the knowledge of contrary divergent terms of the purchaser.

2. Amendments and additions to the following terms of delivery, including to this clause, must be agreed in writing between the contract parties in order to be effective.

Clause 2 Prices

1. Payment owed by the purchaser for the product ordered is charged according to the price of the product ordered in EUROs applicable on the delivery date plus turnover tax applicable in Germany at the rate on the date of invoicing.

2. The prices given in Merck’s chemical catalogues are net prices excluding turnover tax and any excise tax.

Clause 3 Placing of orders

1. Merck offers are subject to change.

2. Oral orders by the purchaser or orders by the purchaser placed by remote data transfer only become legally binding when Merck confirms the orders in writing and the purchaser does not object to Merck’s letter of confirmation immediately. Merck’s letter of confirmation lays down with legally binding effect the content of the contractual relationship and the scope of delivery.

Clause 4 Minimum order value

For products ordered where the value of the order is less than a minimum of EUR 1500,00 net (plus turnover tax according to legal provisions), Merck charges a flat-rate handling fee of EUR 150,00.

Clause 5 Delivery

1. Merck’s obligation to deliver the product ordered is subject to Merck’s receiving delivery itself. Merck shall notify the purchaser immediately if it has not received delivery itself. If delivery is not made to Merck, Merck is entitled to withdraw from the contract. Consideration executed by the purchaser shall be refunded in the case of a withdrawal from the purchase contract.

2. Partial deliveries are permissible and may be invoiced by Merck immediately.

3. Delivery times given by Merck in offers and orders are non-binding.

4. However, if binding delivery deadlines are agreed between Merck and the purchaser, the following shall apply:
In the event of force majeure, industrial dispute, fire, mechanical breakdown or other circumstances for which Merck is not responsible, the agreed delivery deadline is extended for the duration of these events.

If an obstacle to performance as a result of any of the above events lasts for more than 2 months, both the purchaser and Merck are entitled to withdraw from the contract in respect of the work which has not been performed. Before the expiry of this period, withdrawal is excluded for both contractual parties on the grounds of the above delaying circumstances.

A condition for compliance with the agreed delivery period is the prompt fulfilment of contractual duties by the purchaser, in particular the payment of agreed sums and, if applicable, the provision of agreed security. The defence of non-fulfilment of the contract remains reserved.

5. Information from Merck with regard to the size of packs or the type of packaging is non-binding. Merck itself chooses the packaging and the dispatch route according to requirements in question. Transportation packaging and all other packaging according to the German Packaging Regulations shall not be taken back.

6. If a product ordered has to be dispatched, this is carried out from Merck’s respective warehouse on the account and at the risk of the purchaser. Merck is free to choose the forwarding company and the means of transport. The risk of accidental loss of the product to be delivered passes from Merck to the purchaser on dispatch from the warehouse even if delivery is made carriage paid.

7. If the dispatch of the product ordered is delayed owing to circumstances for which the purchaser is responsible, the risk of accidental loss of the product to be delivered passes to the purchaser from the time it is placed in storage by Merck. If the product to be delivered is accidentally lost during the period in which the purchaser is delaying acceptance, Merck is released from its performance obligation. The purchaser remains obliged to make payment in full.

The costs incurred by Merck by the delay in delivery (in particular warehouse costs and charges) must be borne exclusively by the purchaser if there is a delay in acceptance.

8. Merck is not obliged to insure the product ordered, or to have it insured, against damage in transit.

Clause 6 Information on purity and suitability

The purchaser must itself check whether the product ordered is suitable for the purposes intended.

The products delivered by Merck correspond to the specifications as stated in the catalogue or on the label. If there are divergences, the information on the label is decisive. The specification relates only to the substances and values specified, and to pharmacopoeia data and information on E numbers. Statements with regard to suitability relate exclusively to the contractual condition of the products.

The values given are based on Merck’s testing rules. The general product substance data listed in the catalogue is only for information and is not a binding statement as to the quality of the products delivered. Merck is not liable for the accuracy of the data provided.

When producing pharmaceutical, cosmetic preparations or food preparations, compliance with usual medical requirements, GMP guidelines and applicable laws, orders and other provisions is the exclusive responsibility of the purchaser.

Merck is not liable for use of the products delivered in pharmaceutical, cosmetic preparations and in food preparations unless the specific applicability has been expressly described by Merck in a delivery catalogue or approved by it after testing.

Clause 7 Complaints, warranty and liability

1. The purchaser is obliged to examine the product delivered by Merck immediately on arrival and to notify Merck in writing immediately, no later than 30 days after receipt of the product, of any defects or divergences in the product delivered.

Defects in the product which are only discernible later despite immediate and proper examination by the purchaser must be notified to Merck in writing by the purchaser as soon as they are discovered, but no later than one year after receipt of the product.

Complaints notified to forwarding agents or third parties do not constitute notification in due form and are ineffective.

2. Defects claimed contrary to the purchaser’s above duty of examination and duty to complain are not covered by the warranty.

3. The existence of a defect established per se and communicated by an effective complaint gives the purchaser the following rights:

a. If there is material defect or a defect of title, Merck may choose to provide subsequent performance by remedying the defect or delivering a product without defects.

The purchaser has no right to a specific type of subsequent performance.

If the purchase price is not paid in full or in part, Merck may make subsequent performance dependent on the purchaser paying a reasonable proportion of the purchase price given the defect claimed.

b. Only if subsequent performance is also unsuccessful is the purchaser entitled to withdraw from the contract or reduce the purchase price appropriately.

c. The purchaser may choose to reduce the purchase price or withdraw from the contract and demand compensation instead of performance according to the provisions of Clause 8 if Merck seriously and absolutely refuses subsequent performance according to Clause 7(5) or if the type of subsequent performance chosen by Merck was unsuccessful or is unreasonable for the purchaser or the purchaser has set a reasonable deadline for subsequent performance which has not been met.

Subsequent performance is regarded as being unsuccessful after the second unsuccessful attempt if the type of problem or defect or other circumstances are no different.

If a subsequent improvement or replacement delivery is made as a result of legitimate complaint, the provisions regarding the delivery period under Clause 5 apply accordingly.

Clause 8 Compensation

1. Merck is not liable for claims which are not based on deliberate or negligent handling or breach of duties by its legal representatives, employees or vicarious agents. The same applies to the existence of defects in a purchase item specified only by type.

2. Compensation claims against Merck are excluded, irrespective of the legal ground, in particular on the basis of the breach of duties resulting from the obligation and tort, subject to the following rules:

a. According to the legal provisions of the Civil Code (BGB), Merck is liable for claims resulting from death, personal injury or illness which are based on a deliberate or negligent breach of duty by one or more of its legal representatives, employees or vicarious agents, and for other claims based on a deliberate or grossly negligent breach of duty by one or more of its legal representatives, employees or vicarious agents.

b. According to the legal provisions of the BGB, Merck is liable for compensating or refunding costs incurred by the customer if a claim is based on the breach of a guarantee provided by Merck regarding the quality of the purchase item or one or more of Merck’s legal representatives, employees or vicarious agents have negligently breached a duty which is of essential importance to achieving the object of the contract.

c. Merck is similarly liable if one or more of its legal representatives, employees or vicarious agents have breached a duty to take into account the rights, legal objects and interests of the customer and performance by Merck is no longer reasonable for the purchaser.

d. In the cases specified in Clause 8(b) and (c), the amount claimed by the purchaser in compensation is limited to the foreseeable, contractually typical damage. In any case, compensation for consequential damage, such as lost earnings, is excluded.

e. In the event of a delay in delivery by Merck, the purchaser is only entitled to claim compensation if a subsequent delivery period of at least 4 weeks set by it after the delay has occurred has also elapsed without delivery and Merck is responsible for the delay in delivery.

The purchaser’s compensation claim in the event of a delay in delivery for which Merck is responsible is limited to compensation for resulting pecuniary losses up to the contractually typical, foreseeable damage.

Further compensation claims by the purchaser for delays in delivery and compensation instead of performance are excluded.

3. The above rules shall not be construed as a changing of the burden of proof to the disadvantage of the purchaser.

4. The exclusion of liability does not apply to claims made by the purchaser according to the German Product Liability Act.

Clause 9 Purchaser’s duty of notification

The purchaser is obliged to notify Merck of particular risks of which it becomes aware and which result from the use of the goods delivered.

Clause 10 Payment terms

1. The purchase price is due for payment within 30 days from the invoice date without deduction and must be paid by the purchaser.

2. If the purchaser is responsible for late payment of the purchase price, default interest of 8% above the applicable base rate of the European Central Bank (ECB) must be paid on the invoice amount.

3. Withholding of payment or set-off against existing counter-claims by the purchaser is excluded except for uncontested or non-appealable claims.

4. All claims made by Merck against the purchaser, under whatever obligation, are due for payment immediately if circumstances exist which would entitle Merck to withdraw from the contract according to the legal provisions of the BGB or the provisions of the contract.

Clause 11 Force majeure

1. Neither contractual party is liable for the non-performance of its contractual duties if non-performance is attributable to circumstances beyond its control or in particular to any of the following reasons:
- Fire
- Natural disasters
- War
- Attachment
- General shortage of raw materials
- Restriction of energy consumption
- Industrial disputes
- Or if contractual breaches by suppliers are caused by any of the above.
This rule applies to all contractual duties including compensation duties.

2. Each party may cancel the contract by means of written termination if the performance thereof is prevented for more than six months according to Clause 11(1).

Clause 12 Reservation of ownership

1. Each product delivered by Merck remains Merck's property until full payment of the purchase price and until complete satisfaction of all claims resulting from the business transaction (extended reservation of ownership).

Any disposal by the purchaser of the product for which ownership is reserved is only permitted in the ordinary course of business of the purchaser. Under no circumstances may the product be transferred to a third party as security during regular business dealings.

2. Where the product is sold in the ordinary course of business, the purchase price paid takes the place of the product. The purchaser hereby assigns to Merck all claims resulting from any sale. The purchaser is entitled to collect this claim provided it complies with its payment obligations to Merck. Given the extended reservation of ownership (assignment of respective future purchase price claims), assignment to a third party, in particular a credit institution, is not permitted. Merck is entitled at any time to demand the return of and check the purchaser’s sales documents and inform its buyer of the assignment.

3. If the purchaser’s claim from a further sale has been included in a current account, the purchaser hereby assigns its claim from the current account against its buyer to the supplier. The amount assigned is that which the supplier has charged the purchaser for the reserved product sold on.

4. If the purchaser’s property is seized, the supplier must be notified immediately by sending a copy of the enforcement order and a certified guarantee that the product seized is that delivered by the supplier and subject to a reservation of ownership.

5. If the value of the security according to the above paragraphs is going to exceed the amount of the outstanding claims secured hereby by more then 20% for the foreseeable future, the purchaser is entitled to demand that the supplier release security insofar as there is an excess.

6. The supplier’s assertion of its rights under the reservation of ownership does not release the purchaser from its contractual obligations. The value of the product at the time of the withdrawal is only charged for Merck’s existing claim against the purchaser.

Clause 13 Right of withdrawal

Merck is entitled to withdraw from the contract on the following grounds:

a. If, contrary to assumptions made prior to conclusion of the contract, it is revealed that the purchaser is not creditworthy. A lack of creditworthiness may automatically be assumed in the event of a protest regarding a bill of exchange or a cheque, the stopping of payment by the purchaser or an unsuccessful enforcement attempt against the purchaser; this does not necessarily have to be occurred between supplier and purchaser;

b. If it turns out that the purchaser gave inaccurate information about its creditworthiness and this information was of considerable importance;

c. If the product subject to the reservation of ownership by the supplier is sold other than in the ordinary course of business of the purchaser, in particular through transfer by way of security or seizure. The only exceptions to this are where the supplier has agreed to the transfer in writing;

d. If Merck has a legal right of withdrawal according to the provisions of the BGB.

Clause 14 Place of performance and court of jurisdiction

1. Where the purchaser is an entrepreneur or a legal person under public law or a separate fund under public law, the exclusive court for all disputes resulting directly or indirectly from the contract is that of the registered office of Merck (Darmstadt).

All obligations under the contract are deemed to be performed at the registered office of Merck.

The place of performance for all claims resulting from the contract concluded between the purchaser and Merck is the registered office of Merck’s headquarters in Darmstadt.

2. If individual provisions of the contract are or become fully or partially ineffective, the remainder of the contract is still effective. This also applies if an unintended omission is found in the contract.

A fully or partially ineffective provision is replaced or a unintended omission in the contract is filled by an appropriate provision which, as far as is legally possible, approximates as closely as possible to the intention of the contractual parties or to what they would have intended, according to the meaning and purpose of the contract, if they had thought of it.

3. In any case, in particular also in international deliveries, German law (BGB) shall apply.

The law of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) of 11.04.1980 applies secondarily for foreign transactions.

The above rules take precedence over the rules according to the CISG.

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Conditions of Sale of Merck Chemicals Ltd.
(for Calbiochem®, Novabiochem® or Novagen® products)


In these Conditions, save where the context requires otherwise:-

1.(a)                “the Buyer” means the person with whom the Company is contracting:

                        “the Company” means Merck Chemicals Limited;

“the Goods” means the goods sold or to be sold by the Company to the Buyer.

   (b)                headings are for ease of reference only and shall not affect construction; and

   (c)                words importing one gender shall be treated as importing any gender, words importing individuals shall be treated as importing corporations and vice versa, words importing the singular shall be treated as importing the plural and vice versa, and words importing whole shall be treated as including a reference to any part thereof.


2.(a)                These Conditions shall apply to every sale made or agreed to be made by the Company.  No order given by the Buyer shall constitute an agreement for sale until accepted by the Company on these Conditions whether by the Company’s form of acknowledgment of the Buyer’s order or by the despatch of the Goods in pursuance thereof.  Any conditions submitted, proposed or stipulated by the Buyer in whatever form, whether written or oral, are expressly waived and excluded.

      (b)             No change to these Conditions shall be binding unless agreed in writing by the Company.

      (c)             No contract to which these Conditions apply shall be a sale by sample.


3.(a)                The Buyer may not cancel the contract without the written consent of the Company, which if given shall be deemed to be on the express condition that the Buyer shall indemnify the Company against all loss, damage, claims or action arising out of such cancellation unless otherwise agreed in writing.

   (b)                The Company reserves the right to make a cancellation charge if the Goods have been acquired by the Company specifically to fulfil the order.


4.(a)                Following acceptance of an order the Company may make any modification or improvement to any of the Goods without notice to the Buyer.

   (b)                An order which specifies goods “as previously supplied” shall not be a binding specification and the Goods will be supplied to the nearest current specification available.


5.(a)                The price of the Goods is exclusive of any taxes (including without limitation value added tax) duties and other impositions, all of which  shall be paid or borne by the Buyer.

   (b)                The Company reserves the right by notice given whether orally or in writing at any time before delivery to vary the price of the Goods.  The Company shall give the Buyer notice of such a price increase and shall not deliver the Goods affected if the Buyer shall cancel the undelivered balance of the contract by notice to the Company served within three days of receipt of the Company’s notice hereunder.

   (c)                The Company reserves the right either to make a separate charge for packaging and delivery or to apply a surcharge on a single order below a minimum order value. 


6.(a)                Payment shall be made in full within 30 days from the date of the invoice  provided always that the Company reserves the right to request payment in advance of dispatching the Goods. Time for payment is of the essence of the contract.

   (b)                If any sums become overdue, the Company may (without prejudice to any other right or remedy available to it) suspend all further deliveries until payment in full thereof has been made or cancel the contract as regards any Goods which remain to be delivered thereunder.

   (c)                The Company may charge interest at 2 percent, per 28 days on any sum not paid on the due date.  Such interest shall run from day to day and accrue after as well as before any judgment and shall from time to time be compounded monthly on the amount overdue until payment thereof.

   (d)                The Buyer shall not be entitled to withhold payment on the grounds that it has a claim or set-off against the Company.


7.(a)                Unless otherwise agreed in writing all Goods shall be despatched by a suitable method of delivery determined by the Company.  Where special delivery arrangements are required these must be agreed with the Company at the time the order is submitted.  The time for delivery shall not be of the essence and any times quoted for delivery shall be treated as                      estimates only.  The Company shall not be liable for any loss whether arising directly or indirectly from delay in delivery.

(b)                The Company shall be deemed to have delivered the Goods at the time of arrival of the carrier of the Goods at the Buyer’s place of delivery.

   (c)                After delivery the Goods shall be at the Buyer’s sole risk in respect of all loss or damage arising from any cause whatsoever unless the Buyer shall notify the Company in writing:

(i)                    within 3 days of delivery if there is any damage, discrepancy or shortage in the Goods delivered; or

(ii)                   within 3 days of the date of the Company’s invoice if there is a total loss or non-receipt of the Goods,

and shall comply with all requirements of the relevant postal service regarding damage, discrepancy, shortage or loss whereupon the Company’s liability shall be limited to replacing the relevant Goods and the Company shall not be under any other liability whatsoever.

   (d)                The Company may deliver the Goods by instalments and may invoice the Buyer for each such instalment.

Return of Unsuitable Goods

8.(a)                The Company may at its sole discretion accept the return of unsuitable Goods from the Buyer on condition that the minimum value of such unsuitable Goods exceeds £250 provided always that notification of intention to return by the Buyer is made to the Company within 10 days of delivery of the Goods and that the Goods and packaging materials are in a re-saleable condition.

   (b)                If the Goods have been opened, defaced or otherwise damaged in any way whatsoever, the Company reserves the right to refuse return or make a charge for putting the Goods back into a condition which is saleable unless the cause of the return was due to a manufacturer’s error.  The Company reserves the right to charge for freight and handling.

   (c)                The Company reserves the right to make a re-stocking charge for returned Goods.


9.(a)                To the extent permitted by law, all conditions, warranties or obligations whether express or implied by statute, common law or otherwise are excluded and the provisions of these Conditions shall apply in lieu thereof.

   (b)                The Company shall not be liable for defective Goods unless the Buyer gives written notice to the Company within the period of time as specified by the Company from time to time or within 3 months of delivery (whichever is the shorter) specifying with reasonable detail any matter whereof it is alleged that the Goods are defective.

   (c)                The Company’s liability under Condition 9(b) shall be limited to replacing the defective Goods or (at the Company’s option) issuing a credit note to the Buyer for a corresponding proportion of the price and the Company shall not be under any other liability thereunder whatsoever.

   (d)                No claim will be met by the Company under Condition 9(b) if, in the opinion of the Company:-

(i)                    the defect is not due solely to defective materials or manufacture; or

(ii)                   the Goods have been misused or subjected to neglect or carelessness or involved in any accident or adulteration or dealt with contrary to any directions issued by the Company.

   (e)                The warranty contained in this Condition is specifically limited to the Buyer and no warranty is made to any other person, whether subsequent Buyer or user, or to any bailees, licensees, assignees, employees, agent or otherwise.

   (f)                 The Company gives no warranty and makes no representation that any sale or use by the Buyer of the Goods will be free from infringement of any patent or other intellectual property right owned or controlled by any third party.


10.(a)              Notwithstanding delivery the property in the Goods will remain in the Company and subject to the following provisions of this Condition the Buyer will hold the Goods as bailee for the Company until payment in full of the price for the Goods and all other sums due from the Buyer to the Company on any account whatsoever (in this Condition referred to as “Payment”).

   (b)                If the Buyer (before Payment) sells the Goods to any third party it shall, as between the Buyer and such third party sell as principal but as between the Buyer and the Company, the Buyer shall sell as the fiduciary agent of the Company.

   (c)                The Buyer shall hold the proceeds of any such sale separate and for the Company’s account pending Payment or shall if the Company so requires authorise and direct such third party to pay to the Company all sums due to the Buyer in respect of the Goods so sold and assign to the Company the debt owed to the Buyer by such third party.

   (d)                The Buyer shall keep the Goods in good condition, and separate and clearly identified as the property of the Company until Payment.

   (e)                After delivery and until Payment the Buyer shall keep the Goods fully insured and if the Goods are lost or destroyed shall hold the proceeds of insurance for and to the order of the Company pending Payment.

   (f)                 The Company may at any time without notice recover possessions of Goods the property of the Company and the Buyer grants to the Company irrevocable licence to enter for that purpose any premises then occupied by the Buyer.

   (g)                The Company shall be entitled to maintain an action for the price of the Goods, notwithstanding that the property in them has not passed to the Buyer.


11.(a)              All descriptions, representations, specifications, samples, colours, illustrations and other particulars furnished or made orally by the Company or in catalogues, price lists or other documents issued by the Company are given for general information purposes only and the Buyer acknowledges that it is not entering into the contract in reliance upon any such description, representation, specification, sample or other particular.

   (b)                Some Goods are intended primarily for laboratory research purposes as indicated in the Company’s catalogue and other technical literature.  Unless otherwise stated on product labels, in Company’s catalogue or in other literature furnished to Buyer, these goods are not to be used for any other purposes, including but not limited to, in vitro diagnostic purposes, in foods, drugs, medical devices or cosmetics for humans or animals or for commercial purposes.  The Buyer shall indemnify and keep indemnified the Company against all liabilities and claims which may be made against the Company by any third party arising from the use or sale of the Goods by the Buyer.

   (c)                Except to the extent specifically provided for in these Conditions, the Company shall not be liable whether in contract, tort or otherwise for any loss, damage or injury however caused or arising from any defect in, failure in, or unsuitability for any purpose of, the Goods.

   (d)                The Company shall not in any event be liable for any indirect or consequential loss whatever and however caused.

   (e)                Nothing in these Conditions shall exclude or restrict any liability for death or personal injury resulting from the Company’s negligence as that expression is defined in section 1 of the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977.


12.                   No failure or delay by the Company in exercising any right hereunder shall operate as a waiver thereof or extend to or affect any other or subsequent event or impair any rights or remedies consequent thereon or in any way modify or diminish the rights of the Company under these Conditions.


13.                   The Buyer shall not assign or transfer or purport to assign or transfer any contract to which these Conditions apply or the benefit thereof to any other person.


14.                   If any Condition shall become or shall be declared by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid or unenforceable in any way, such invalidity or unenforceability shall in no way impair or affect any other Condition all of which shall remain in full force and effect.


15.                   Any notice to be given under these Conditions may be delivered, or be sent by first class pre-paid post addressed to the party to be served at the address for such party last known to the party giving the notice or may be transmitted by fax to the fax number of the party to be served last known to the party giving notice.  Notices served by post shall be deemed served 48 hours after posting and notices served by fax shall be deemed served 24 hours after the recipient’s fax machine shall have acknowledge receipt.

Force Majeure

16.                   Any contract to which these Conditions apply is subject to cancellation by the Company or to such variation as it may find necessary by reason of inability to secure labour, materials, transport or supplies or by reason of strike, lock-out, trade dispute, weather conditions, hostilities, legislation, Act of God or any cause whatsoever beyond the control of the Company.

Governing Law

17.                   These Conditions shall be governed by and construed in accordance with English law and the Buyer submits to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts.

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