|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H||IP, WB, ICC||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-53BP1 Antibody, clone BP13|
|Presentation||0.1M Tris-glycine, pH 7.4, 0.15M NaCl, 0.05% sodium azide before the addition of glycerol to 30%|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||2 years at -20°C|
|Material Size||200 µg|
Anti-53BP1 Antibody, clone BP13 MSDS
|Spatial dynamics of DNA damage response protein foci along the ion trajectory of high-LET particles.|
Guanghua Du,Guido A Drexler,Werner Friedland,Christoph Greubel,Volker Hable,Reiner Krücken,Alexandra Kugler,Laura Tonelli,Anna A Friedl,Günther Dollinger
Radiation research 176 2011
High-linear energy transfer (LET) ion irradiation of cell nuclei induces complex and severe DNA lesions, and foci of repair proteins are formed densely along the ion trajectory. To efficiently discriminate the densely distributed/overlapping foci along the ion trajectory, a focus recognition algorithm called FociPicker3D based on a local fraction thresholding technique was developed. We analyzed high-resolution 3D immunofluorescence microscopic focus images and obtained the kinetics and spatial development of ?-H2AX, 53BP1 and phospho-NBS1 foci in BJ1-hTERT cells irradiated with 55 MeV carbon ions and compared the results with the dynamics of double-strand break (DSB) distributions simulated using the PARTRAC model. Clusters consisting of several foci were observed along the ion trajectory after irradiation. The spatial dynamics of the protein foci supports that the foci clusters are not formed by neighboring foci but instead originate from the DSB cluster damage induced by high-LET radiations.
|Telomere dysfunction in human keratinocytes elicits senescence and a novel transcription profile.|
Fay Minty, Johanna K Thurlow, Paul R Harrison, E Kenneth Parkinson
Experimental cell research 314 2434-47 2008
The uncapping of telomeres has been shown to precipitate senescence in normal human fibroblasts and apoptosis in lymphocytes and p53-competent cancer cell lines. However, the effects of telomere uncapping on normal epithelial cells have not previously been examined. We have used the well characterised telomere repeat binding factor 2 (TRF2) dominant-negative mutant, TRF2(DeltaBDeltaM), to deplete Normal Human Epidermal Keratinocytes (NHEK) telomeres of TRF2. We observed only a two fold increase in both phosphorylation of p53 at serine 15 and 53BP1 DNA damage foci and no detectable increase in p21(WAF). Despite the weak DNA damage response, the keratinocytes growth arrest, demonstrate reduced colony formation and senescence. The small, abortive senescent colonies did not incorporate Brd-U within 48 h and expressed senescence-associated beta galactosidase (SA-beta-gal). Transcriptional profiling of TRF2-depleted keratinocytes showed a reproducible up-regulation of several genes. These included histones, genes associated with DNA damage and keratinocyte terminal differentiation. Several of the same genes were also shown to be up-regulated when keratinocytes undergo natural telomere-mediated senescence and down-regulated by ectopic telomerase expression. This study has thus revealed highly sensitive and specific candidate indicators of telomere dysfunction that may find use in identifying telomere-mediated keratinocyte senescence in ageing, cancer and other diseases.
|Quantitative analysis of DNA-damage response factors after sequential ion microirradiation.|
Christoph Greubel, Volker Hable, Guido A Drexler, Andreas Hauptner, Steffen Dietzel, Hilmar Strickfaden, Iris Baur, Reiner Krücken, Thomas Cremer, Anna A Friedl, Günther Dollinger, Christoph Greubel, Volker Hable, Guido A Drexler, Andreas Hauptner, Steffen Dietzel, Hilmar Strickfaden, Iris Baur, Reiner Krücken, Thomas Cremer, Anna A Friedl, Günther Dollinger, Christoph Greubel, Volker Hable, Guido A Drexler, Andreas Hauptner, Steffen Dietzel, Hilmar Strickfaden, Iris Baur, Reiner Krücken, Thomas Cremer, Anna A Friedl, Günther Dollinger
Radiation and environmental biophysics 47 415-22 2008
Several proteins are known to form foci at DNA sites damaged by ionizing radiation. We study DNA damage response by immunofluorescence microscopy after microirradiation of cells with energetic ions. By using microirradiation, it is possible to irradiate different regions on a single dish at different time-points and to differentiate between cells irradiated earlier and later. This allows to directly compare immunofluorescence intensities in both subsets of cells with little systematic error because both subsets are cultivated and stained under identical conditions. In addition, by using irradiation patterns such as crossing lines, it is possible to irradiate individual cells twice and to differentiate between immunofluorescence signals resulting from the cellular response to the earlier and to the later irradiation event. Here, we describe the quantitative evaluation of immunofluorescence intensities after sequential irradiation.
|Tumor suppressor p53 binding protein 1 (53BP1) is involved in DNA damage-signaling pathways.|
Rappold, I, et al.
J. Cell Biol., 153: 613-20 (2001) 2001
The tumor suppressor p53 binding protein 1 (53BP1) binds to the DNA-binding domain of p53 and enhances p53-mediated transcriptional activation. 53BP1 contains two breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 COOH terminus (BRCT) motifs, which are present in several proteins involved in DNA repair and/or DNA damage-signaling pathways. Thus, we investigated the potential role of 53BP1 in DNA damage-signaling pathways. Here, we report that 53BP1 becomes hyperphosphorylated and forms discrete nuclear foci in response to DNA damage. These foci colocalize at all time points with phosphorylated H2AX (gamma-H2AX), which has been previously demonstrated to localize at sites of DNA strand breaks. 53BP1 foci formation is not restricted to gamma-radiation but is also detected in response to UV radiation as well as hydroxyurea, camptothecin, etoposide, and methylmethanesulfonate treatment. Several observations suggest that 53BP1 is regulated by ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) after DNA damage. First, ATM-deficient cells show no 53BP1 hyperphosphorylation and reduced 53BP1 foci formation in response to gamma-radiation compared with cells expressing wild-type ATM. Second, wortmannin treatment strongly inhibits gamma-radiation-induced hyperphosphorylation and foci formation of 53BP1. Third, 53BP1 is readily phosphorylated by ATM in vitro. Taken together, these results suggest that 53BP1 is an ATM substrate that is involved early in the DNA damage-signaling pathways in mammalian cells.
|Histone H2AX is phosphorylated in an ATR-dependent manner in response to replicational stress.|
Ward, I M and Chen, J
J. Biol. Chem., 276: 47759-62 (2001) 2001
H2AX, a member of the histone H2A family, is rapidly phosphorylated in response to ionizing radiation. This phosphorylation, at an evolutionary conserved C-terminal phosphatidylinositol 3-OH-kinase-related kinase (PI3KK) motif, is thought to be critical for recognition and repair of DNA double strand breaks. Here we report that inhibition of DNA replication by hydroxyurea or ultraviolet irradiation also induces phosphorylation and foci formation of H2AX. These phospho-H2AX foci colocalize with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), BRCA1, and 53BP1 at the arrested replication fork in S phase cells. This response is ATR-dependent but does not require ATM or Hus1. Our findings suggest that, in addition to its role in the recognition and repair of double strand breaks, H2AX also participates in the surveillance of DNA replication.