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400051 Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp. - CAS 31282-04-9 - Calbiochem

400051
Purchase on Sigma-Aldrich

Panoramica

Replacement Information

Tabella delle specifiche principali

CAS #Empirical Formula
31282-04-9C₂₀H₃₇N₃O₁₃

Products

Numero di catalogoConfezionamento Qtà/conf
400051-100KU Fusto in alluminio 100 ku
400051-10MU Fusto in alluminio 10 mu
400051-1MU Fusto in alluminio 1 mu
400051-5MU Fusto in alluminio 5 mu
Description
OverviewUnique aminoglycoside antibiotic that inhibits the growth of prokaryotic (bacteria) and eukaryotic microorganisms (yeasts) and mammalian cells. Inhibits protein synthesis at the translocation step on the 70S ribosome and causes misreading of the mRNA. Hph, a gene from E. coli, encodes resistance to hygromycin B and can be isolated and cloned by recombinant DNA techniques. This hygromycin B-resistance gene is particularly useful for identification or selection of recombinant clones in a variety of cell types. Hygromycin B penetrates cells that have been permeabilized by virus infection and can act as an effective antiviral agent.
Supplied with a directional insert. Note: 1 KU = 1000 units; 1 MU = 1,000,000 units.
Bioassay: 350-450 units/mg Hygromycin B. 106 units is equivalent to ~900 mg.
Catalogue Number400051
Brand Family Calbiochem®
References
ReferencesDean, N. 1995. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 1287.
Hamada, W., et al. 1994. Curr. Genetics 26, 251.
Hubbard, S. C., et al. 1994. J. Biol. Chem. 269, 3717.
Rikkerink, E. H., et al. 1994. Current Genetics 25, 202.
Sugimoto, K., et al. 1994. Plant J. 5, 863.
Buchschacher, G.L., Jr., and Panganiban, A.T. 1992. J. Virol. 66, 2731.
Gaken, J., et al. 1992. Biotechniques 13, 32.
Lama, J., and Carrasco, L. 1992. J. Biol. Chem. 267, 15932.
Ma, H., et al. 1992. Gene 117, 161.
MacIntyre, G., et al. 1992. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 276, 67.
Norman, J.A., et al. 1992. Mol. Pharmacol. 41, 53.
Bilang, R., et al. 1991. Gene 100, 247.
Dale, E., and Ow, D. 1991. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 10558.
Lee, M.G-S., and Van der Ploeg, L. 1991. Gene 105, 255.
Leslie, J.F., and Dickman, M.B. 1991. Applied Environ. Microbiol. 57, 1423.
MacIntyre, G., et al. 1991. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 35, 2125.
Zhou, J., et al. 1991. Gene 107, 307.
Bulte, L., and Bennoun, P. 1990. Current Genetics 18, 155.
Giordano, T.J., and McAllister, W.T. 1990. Gene 88, 285.
Salauze, D., et al. 1990. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 1915.
Carrasco, L., et al. 1989. Pharmacol. Ther. 9, 311.
Crespi, C.L., et al. 1989. Carcinogenesis 10, 295.
Damm, B., et al. 1989. Mol. Gen. Genetics 217, 6.
Egelhoff, T.T., et al. 1989. Mol. Cell. Biol. 9, 1965.
Kronstad, J.W., et al. 1989. Gene 79, 97.
Perlin, D.S., et al. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263, 118.
Cullen, D., et al. 1987. Gene 57, 21.
Gonzalez, A., et al. 1978. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 521, 459.
Malpartida, F., et al. 1983. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 117, 6.
Rao, S.N., et al. 1983. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 689.
Product Information
CAS number31282-04-9
FormAmber to brown liquid
Hill FormulaC₂₀H₃₇N₃O₁₃
Chemical formulaC₂₀H₃₇N₃O₁₃
Structure formula ImageStructure formula Image
Quality LevelMQ100
Applications
Biological Information
Biological activityThe activity of Hygromycin B is measured in a zonal inhibition assay using Bacillus subtilis. The activity is measured relative to a reference standard.
Primary Targetgrowth of prokaryotic (bacteria) and eukaryotic microorganisms (yeasts) and mammalian cells
Secondary targetprotein synthesis at the translocation step on the 70S ribosome and causes misreading of the mRNA
Purity>85% by HPLC
Physicochemical Information
Dimensions
Materials Information
Toxicological Information
Safety Information according to GHS
RTECSWK2130000
Safety Information
R PhraseR: 26/27/28-37/38-41

Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Irritating to respiratory system and skin.
Risk of serious damage to eyes.
S PhraseS: 23-26-36/37/39-45

Do not breathe fumes.
In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).
Product Usage Statements
Storage and Shipping Information
Ship Code Ambient Temperature Only
Toxicity Highly Toxic & Carcinogenic / Teratogenic
Hazardous Materials Attention: Due to the nature of the Hazardous Materials in this shipment, additional shipping charges may be applied to your order. Certain sizes may be exempt from the additional hazardous materials shipping charges. Please contact your local sales office for more information regarding these charges.
Storage +2°C to +8°C
Do not freeze Ok to freeze
Special InstructionsAqueous stock solutions should be kept at concentrations of ≥50 mg/ml and can be stored at either 4°C or -20°C. Aqueous stock solutions (≥50 mg/ml) are stable for up to 6 months at 4°C or -20°C. Working solutions (< 2 mg/ml) are stable for up to 1 month at 4°C.

Note: This product is highly toxic. Read enclosed MSDS before handling.
Packaging Information
Transport Information
Supplemental Information
Specifications

Documentation

Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp. - CAS 31282-04-9 - Calbiochem MSDS

Titolo

Scheda di sicurezza (MSDS) 

Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp. - CAS 31282-04-9 - Calbiochem Certificati d'Analisi

TitoloNumero di lotto
400051

Riferimenti bibliografici

Panoramica delle referenze
Dean, N. 1995. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 1287.
Hamada, W., et al. 1994. Curr. Genetics 26, 251.
Hubbard, S. C., et al. 1994. J. Biol. Chem. 269, 3717.
Rikkerink, E. H., et al. 1994. Current Genetics 25, 202.
Sugimoto, K., et al. 1994. Plant J. 5, 863.
Buchschacher, G.L., Jr., and Panganiban, A.T. 1992. J. Virol. 66, 2731.
Gaken, J., et al. 1992. Biotechniques 13, 32.
Lama, J., and Carrasco, L. 1992. J. Biol. Chem. 267, 15932.
Ma, H., et al. 1992. Gene 117, 161.
MacIntyre, G., et al. 1992. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 276, 67.
Norman, J.A., et al. 1992. Mol. Pharmacol. 41, 53.
Bilang, R., et al. 1991. Gene 100, 247.
Dale, E., and Ow, D. 1991. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 10558.
Lee, M.G-S., and Van der Ploeg, L. 1991. Gene 105, 255.
Leslie, J.F., and Dickman, M.B. 1991. Applied Environ. Microbiol. 57, 1423.
MacIntyre, G., et al. 1991. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 35, 2125.
Zhou, J., et al. 1991. Gene 107, 307.
Bulte, L., and Bennoun, P. 1990. Current Genetics 18, 155.
Giordano, T.J., and McAllister, W.T. 1990. Gene 88, 285.
Salauze, D., et al. 1990. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 1915.
Carrasco, L., et al. 1989. Pharmacol. Ther. 9, 311.
Crespi, C.L., et al. 1989. Carcinogenesis 10, 295.
Damm, B., et al. 1989. Mol. Gen. Genetics 217, 6.
Egelhoff, T.T., et al. 1989. Mol. Cell. Biol. 9, 1965.
Kronstad, J.W., et al. 1989. Gene 79, 97.
Perlin, D.S., et al. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263, 118.
Cullen, D., et al. 1987. Gene 57, 21.
Gonzalez, A., et al. 1978. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 521, 459.
Malpartida, F., et al. 1983. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 117, 6.
Rao, S.N., et al. 1983. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 689.

Brochure

Titolo
Antibiotics Profiler
Bulk Product Guide
Scheda tecnica

Note that this data sheet is not lot-specific and is representative of the current specifications for this product. Please consult the vial label and the certificate of analysis for information on specific lots. Also note that shipping conditions may differ from storage conditions.

Revision22-January-2018 JSW
DescriptionHygromycin B, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, inhibits the growth of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms and mammalian cells. Specifically, it inhibits protein synthesis by interfering with translocation of the 70S ribosome and inducing misreading of the mRNA template (Dean, N., Gonzalez, A., et al., Rao, S.N., et al.). Hygromycin B has been used to select mutants in a wide variety of cells including bacteria (Bilang, R., et al., Salauze, D., et al.), protozoans (Lee, M.G-S., and Van der Ploeg, L.H.T.), yeast (Perlin, D.S., et al.), fungi (Cullen, D., et al., Kronstad, J.W., et al., Egelhoff, T.T., et al., Leslie, J.F., and Dickman, M.B., Bulte, L., and Bennoun, P.), plants (Dean, N., Damm, B., et al., Rikkerink, E. H., et al., Sugimoto, K., et al.), and mammalian cells (Crespi, C.L., et al., Giordano, T.J., and McAllister, W.T., Hubbard, S. C., et al.).

Resistance to Hygromycin B is conferred by a gene coding for a phosphotransferase that phosphorylates Hygromycin B, thereby inactivating it (Bilang, R., et al., Malpartida, F., et al.). Hygromycin B is known to selectively penetrate cells that have been rendered permeable by virus infection. This, combined with its potency in inhibiting translation, makes it an effective antiviral agent (MacIntyre, G., et al., Zhou, J., et al.).

The analytical data listed below will vary from lot to lot.

Bioassay: 350-450 U/mg
Concentration: 444,600 U/ml; 394 mg Hygromycin B/ml
Density: 1140-1155 mg/ml
% solids: 34.6%
Fill volumes:
100,000 U = 225 µl
1,000,000 U = 2.25 ml
10,000,000 U = 22.5 ml
250,000 U = 562 µl
5,000,000 U = 11.25 ml
FormAmber to brown liquid
Recommended reaction conditions
Hygromycin B is not provided under sterile conditions. If a sterile solution is desired, working solutions of Hygromycin B in aqueous media can be passed through a 0.2 µm filter before use. When using this product for mammalian cell selection the working concentration is generally between 50 µg/ml and 1 mg/ml. The appropriate concentration for use must be determined empirically for each cell type. For researchers interested in understanding how the concentration in mg/ml can be calculated from the activity in U/ml we provide the following example as a guideline. For the 1,000,000 Unit size: 1,000,000 Units at 438,440 U/ml

Figure 1: Calculations

CAS number31282-04-9
RTECSWK2130000
Chemical formulaC₂₀H₃₇N₃O₁₃
Structure formulaStructure formula
Purity>85% by HPLC
Biological activityThe activity of Hygromycin B is measured in a zonal inhibition assay using Bacillus subtilis. The activity is measured relative to a reference standard.
Storage +2°C to +8°C
Do Not Freeze Ok to freeze
Special InstructionsAqueous stock solutions should be kept at concentrations of ≥50 mg/ml and can be stored at either 4°C or -20°C. Aqueous stock solutions (≥50 mg/ml) are stable for up to 6 months at 4°C or -20°C. Working solutions (< 2 mg/ml) are stable for up to 1 month at 4°C.

Note: This product is highly toxic. Read enclosed MSDS before handling.
Toxicity Highly Toxic & Carcinogenic / Teratogenic
Merck USA index14, 4852
ReferencesDean, N. 1995. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 1287.
Hamada, W., et al. 1994. Curr. Genetics 26, 251.
Hubbard, S. C., et al. 1994. J. Biol. Chem. 269, 3717.
Rikkerink, E. H., et al. 1994. Current Genetics 25, 202.
Sugimoto, K., et al. 1994. Plant J. 5, 863.
Buchschacher, G.L., Jr., and Panganiban, A.T. 1992. J. Virol. 66, 2731.
Gaken, J., et al. 1992. Biotechniques 13, 32.
Lama, J., and Carrasco, L. 1992. J. Biol. Chem. 267, 15932.
Ma, H., et al. 1992. Gene 117, 161.
MacIntyre, G., et al. 1992. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 276, 67.
Norman, J.A., et al. 1992. Mol. Pharmacol. 41, 53.
Bilang, R., et al. 1991. Gene 100, 247.
Dale, E., and Ow, D. 1991. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 10558.
Lee, M.G-S., and Van der Ploeg, L. 1991. Gene 105, 255.
Leslie, J.F., and Dickman, M.B. 1991. Applied Environ. Microbiol. 57, 1423.
MacIntyre, G., et al. 1991. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 35, 2125.
Zhou, J., et al. 1991. Gene 107, 307.
Bulte, L., and Bennoun, P. 1990. Current Genetics 18, 155.
Giordano, T.J., and McAllister, W.T. 1990. Gene 88, 285.
Salauze, D., et al. 1990. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 1915.
Carrasco, L., et al. 1989. Pharmacol. Ther. 9, 311.
Crespi, C.L., et al. 1989. Carcinogenesis 10, 295.
Damm, B., et al. 1989. Mol. Gen. Genetics 217, 6.
Egelhoff, T.T., et al. 1989. Mol. Cell. Biol. 9, 1965.
Kronstad, J.W., et al. 1989. Gene 79, 97.
Perlin, D.S., et al. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263, 118.
Cullen, D., et al. 1987. Gene 57, 21.
Gonzalez, A., et al. 1978. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 521, 459.
Malpartida, F., et al. 1983. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 117, 6.
Rao, S.N., et al. 1983. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 689.

Prodotti e applicazioni correlate

Alternative Products

Numero di catalogo Descrizione
400052 Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp., Sterile-Filtered Solution in PBS, Cell Culture-Tested - CAS 31282-04-9 - Calbiochem
400053 Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp., Sterile-Filtered Solution in 25 mM HEPES, Cell Culture-Tested - CAS 31282-04-9 - Calbiochem

Categorie

Life Science Research > Inhibitors and Biochemicals > Small Molecules & Inhibitors > Other Inhibitors of Biological Interest > Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Life Science Research > Inhibitors and Biochemicals > Biochemicals > Antibiotics > Antimicrobial Agents
Life Science Research > Cell Culture and Systems > Antibiotics & Selection Agents