400051 Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp. - CAS 31282-04-9 - Calbiochem

400051
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Przegląd

Replacement Information

Tabela kluczowych gatunków

Empirical FormulaCAS #
C₂₀H₃₇N₃O₁₃ 31282-04-9

Ceny i dostępność

Numer katalogowy DostępnośćOpakowanie Ilość/opak. Cena netto Ilość
400051-100KU
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      400051-10MU
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          400051-1MU
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              400051-5MU
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              Wycofano
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              Dostępność będzie potwierdzona
                Remaining : Will advise
                  Remaining : Will advise
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                  Skontaktuj się z Zespołem Obsługi Klienta
                  Contact Customer Service

                  Beben aluminiowy 5 mu
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                  Description
                  OverviewUnique aminoglycoside antibiotic that inhibits the growth of prokaryotic (bacteria) and eukaryotic microorganisms (yeasts) and mammalian cells. Inhibits protein synthesis at the translocation step on the 70S ribosome and causes misreading of the mRNA. Hph, a gene from E. coli, encodes resistance to hygromycin B and can be isolated and cloned by recombinant DNA techniques. This hygromycin B-resistance gene is particularly useful for identification or selection of recombinant clones in a variety of cell types. Hygromycin B penetrates cells that have been permeabilized by virus infection and can act as an effective antiviral agent.
                  Supplied with a directional insert. Note: 1 KU = 1000 units; 1 MU = 1,000,000 units.
                  Bioassay: 350-450 units/mg Hygromycin B. 106 units is equivalent to ~900 mg.
                  Catalogue Number400051
                  Brand Family Calbiochem®
                  References
                  ReferencesDean, N. 1995. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 1287.
                  Hamada, W., et al. 1994. Curr. Genetics 26, 251.
                  Hubbard, S. C., et al. 1994. J. Biol. Chem. 269, 3717.
                  Rikkerink, E. H., et al. 1994. Current Genetics 25, 202.
                  Sugimoto, K., et al. 1994. Plant J. 5, 863.
                  Buchschacher, G.L., Jr., and Panganiban, A.T. 1992. J. Virol. 66, 2731.
                  Gaken, J., et al. 1992. Biotechniques 13, 32.
                  Lama, J., and Carrasco, L. 1992. J. Biol. Chem. 267, 15932.
                  Ma, H., et al. 1992. Gene 117, 161.
                  MacIntyre, G., et al. 1992. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 276, 67.
                  Norman, J.A., et al. 1992. Mol. Pharmacol. 41, 53.
                  Bilang, R., et al. 1991. Gene 100, 247.
                  Dale, E., and Ow, D. 1991. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 10558.
                  Lee, M.G-S., and Van der Ploeg, L. 1991. Gene 105, 255.
                  Leslie, J.F., and Dickman, M.B. 1991. Applied Environ. Microbiol. 57, 1423.
                  MacIntyre, G., et al. 1991. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 35, 2125.
                  Zhou, J., et al. 1991. Gene 107, 307.
                  Bulte, L., and Bennoun, P. 1990. Current Genetics 18, 155.
                  Giordano, T.J., and McAllister, W.T. 1990. Gene 88, 285.
                  Salauze, D., et al. 1990. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 1915.
                  Carrasco, L., et al. 1989. Pharmacol. Ther. 9, 311.
                  Crespi, C.L., et al. 1989. Carcinogenesis 10, 295.
                  Damm, B., et al. 1989. Mol. Gen. Genetics 217, 6.
                  Egelhoff, T.T., et al. 1989. Mol. Cell. Biol. 9, 1965.
                  Kronstad, J.W., et al. 1989. Gene 79, 97.
                  Perlin, D.S., et al. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263, 118.
                  Cullen, D., et al. 1987. Gene 57, 21.
                  Gonzalez, A., et al. 1978. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 521, 459.
                  Malpartida, F., et al. 1983. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 117, 6.
                  Rao, S.N., et al. 1983. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 689.
                  Product Information
                  CAS number31282-04-9
                  FormAmber to brown liquid
                  Hill FormulaC₂₀H₃₇N₃O₁₃
                  Chemical formulaC₂₀H₃₇N₃O₁₃
                  Structure formula ImageStructure formula Image
                  Quality LevelMQ100
                  Applications
                  Biological Information
                  Biological activityThe activity of Hygromycin B is measured in a zonal inhibition assay using Bacillus subtilis. The activity is measured relative to a reference standard.
                  Primary Targetgrowth of prokaryotic (bacteria) and eukaryotic microorganisms (yeasts) and mammalian cells
                  Secondary targetprotein synthesis at the translocation step on the 70S ribosome and causes misreading of the mRNA
                  Purity>85% by HPLC
                  Physicochemical Information
                  Dimensions
                  Materials Information
                  Toxicological Information
                  Safety Information according to GHS
                  RTECSWK2130000
                  Safety Information
                  R PhraseR: 26/27/28-37/38-41

                  Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
                  Irritating to respiratory system and skin.
                  Risk of serious damage to eyes.
                  S PhraseS: 23-26-36/37/39-45

                  Do not breathe fumes.
                  In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
                  Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
                  In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).
                  Product Usage Statements
                  Storage and Shipping Information
                  Ship Code Ambient Temperature Only
                  Toxicity Highly Toxic & Carcinogenic / Teratogenic
                  Hazardous Materials Attention: Due to the nature of the Hazardous Materials in this shipment, additional shipping charges may be applied to your order. Certain sizes may be exempt from the additional hazardous materials shipping charges. Please contact your local sales office for more information regarding these charges.
                  Storage +2°C to +8°C
                  Do not freeze Ok to freeze
                  Special InstructionsAqueous stock solutions should be kept at concentrations of ≥50 mg/ml and can be stored at either 4°C or -20°C. Aqueous stock solutions (≥50 mg/ml) are stable for up to 6 months at 4°C or -20°C. Working solutions (< 2 mg/ml) are stable for up to 1 month at 4°C.

                  Note: This product is highly toxic. Read enclosed MSDS before handling.
                  Packaging Information
                  Transport Information
                  Supplemental Information
                  Specifications

                  Documentation

                  Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp. - CAS 31282-04-9 - Calbiochem MSDS

                  Title

                  Safety Data Sheet (SDS) 

                  Hygromycin B, Streptomyces sp. - CAS 31282-04-9 - Calbiochem Certificates of Analysis

                  TitleLot Number
                  400051

                  References

                  Przegląd literatury
                  Dean, N. 1995. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 1287.
                  Hamada, W., et al. 1994. Curr. Genetics 26, 251.
                  Hubbard, S. C., et al. 1994. J. Biol. Chem. 269, 3717.
                  Rikkerink, E. H., et al. 1994. Current Genetics 25, 202.
                  Sugimoto, K., et al. 1994. Plant J. 5, 863.
                  Buchschacher, G.L., Jr., and Panganiban, A.T. 1992. J. Virol. 66, 2731.
                  Gaken, J., et al. 1992. Biotechniques 13, 32.
                  Lama, J., and Carrasco, L. 1992. J. Biol. Chem. 267, 15932.
                  Ma, H., et al. 1992. Gene 117, 161.
                  MacIntyre, G., et al. 1992. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 276, 67.
                  Norman, J.A., et al. 1992. Mol. Pharmacol. 41, 53.
                  Bilang, R., et al. 1991. Gene 100, 247.
                  Dale, E., and Ow, D. 1991. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 10558.
                  Lee, M.G-S., and Van der Ploeg, L. 1991. Gene 105, 255.
                  Leslie, J.F., and Dickman, M.B. 1991. Applied Environ. Microbiol. 57, 1423.
                  MacIntyre, G., et al. 1991. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 35, 2125.
                  Zhou, J., et al. 1991. Gene 107, 307.
                  Bulte, L., and Bennoun, P. 1990. Current Genetics 18, 155.
                  Giordano, T.J., and McAllister, W.T. 1990. Gene 88, 285.
                  Salauze, D., et al. 1990. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 1915.
                  Carrasco, L., et al. 1989. Pharmacol. Ther. 9, 311.
                  Crespi, C.L., et al. 1989. Carcinogenesis 10, 295.
                  Damm, B., et al. 1989. Mol. Gen. Genetics 217, 6.
                  Egelhoff, T.T., et al. 1989. Mol. Cell. Biol. 9, 1965.
                  Kronstad, J.W., et al. 1989. Gene 79, 97.
                  Perlin, D.S., et al. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263, 118.
                  Cullen, D., et al. 1987. Gene 57, 21.
                  Gonzalez, A., et al. 1978. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 521, 459.
                  Malpartida, F., et al. 1983. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 117, 6.
                  Rao, S.N., et al. 1983. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 689.

                  Brochure

                  Title
                  Antibiotics Profiler
                  Bulk Product Guide
                  Data Sheet

                  Note that this data sheet is not lot-specific and is representative of the current specifications for this product. Please consult the vial label and the certificate of analysis for information on specific lots. Also note that shipping conditions may differ from storage conditions.

                  Revision22-January-2018 JSW
                  DescriptionHygromycin B, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, inhibits the growth of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms and mammalian cells. Specifically, it inhibits protein synthesis by interfering with translocation of the 70S ribosome and inducing misreading of the mRNA template (Dean, N., Gonzalez, A., et al., Rao, S.N., et al.). Hygromycin B has been used to select mutants in a wide variety of cells including bacteria (Bilang, R., et al., Salauze, D., et al.), protozoans (Lee, M.G-S., and Van der Ploeg, L.H.T.), yeast (Perlin, D.S., et al.), fungi (Cullen, D., et al., Kronstad, J.W., et al., Egelhoff, T.T., et al., Leslie, J.F., and Dickman, M.B., Bulte, L., and Bennoun, P.), plants (Dean, N., Damm, B., et al., Rikkerink, E. H., et al., Sugimoto, K., et al.), and mammalian cells (Crespi, C.L., et al., Giordano, T.J., and McAllister, W.T., Hubbard, S. C., et al.).

                  Resistance to Hygromycin B is conferred by a gene coding for a phosphotransferase that phosphorylates Hygromycin B, thereby inactivating it (Bilang, R., et al., Malpartida, F., et al.). Hygromycin B is known to selectively penetrate cells that have been rendered permeable by virus infection. This, combined with its potency in inhibiting translation, makes it an effective antiviral agent (MacIntyre, G., et al., Zhou, J., et al.).

                  The analytical data listed below will vary from lot to lot.

                  Bioassay: 350-450 U/mg
                  Concentration: 444,600 U/ml; 394 mg Hygromycin B/ml
                  Density: 1140-1155 mg/ml
                  % solids: 34.6%
                  Fill volumes:
                  100,000 U = 225 µl
                  1,000,000 U = 2.25 ml
                  10,000,000 U = 22.5 ml
                  250,000 U = 562 µl
                  5,000,000 U = 11.25 ml
                  FormAmber to brown liquid
                  Recommended reaction conditions
                  Hygromycin B is not provided under sterile conditions. If a sterile solution is desired, working solutions of Hygromycin B in aqueous media can be passed through a 0.2 µm filter before use. When using this product for mammalian cell selection the working concentration is generally between 50 µg/ml and 1 mg/ml. The appropriate concentration for use must be determined empirically for each cell type. For researchers interested in understanding how the concentration in mg/ml can be calculated from the activity in U/ml we provide the following example as a guideline. For the 1,000,000 Unit size: 1,000,000 Units at 438,440 U/ml

                  Figure 1: Calculations

                  CAS number31282-04-9
                  RTECSWK2130000
                  Chemical formulaC₂₀H₃₇N₃O₁₃
                  Structure formulaStructure formula
                  Purity>85% by HPLC
                  Biological activityThe activity of Hygromycin B is measured in a zonal inhibition assay using Bacillus subtilis. The activity is measured relative to a reference standard.
                  Storage +2°C to +8°C
                  Do Not Freeze Ok to freeze
                  Special InstructionsAqueous stock solutions should be kept at concentrations of ≥50 mg/ml and can be stored at either 4°C or -20°C. Aqueous stock solutions (≥50 mg/ml) are stable for up to 6 months at 4°C or -20°C. Working solutions (< 2 mg/ml) are stable for up to 1 month at 4°C.

                  Note: This product is highly toxic. Read enclosed MSDS before handling.
                  Toxicity Highly Toxic & Carcinogenic / Teratogenic
                  Merck USA index14, 4852
                  ReferencesDean, N. 1995. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 1287.
                  Hamada, W., et al. 1994. Curr. Genetics 26, 251.
                  Hubbard, S. C., et al. 1994. J. Biol. Chem. 269, 3717.
                  Rikkerink, E. H., et al. 1994. Current Genetics 25, 202.
                  Sugimoto, K., et al. 1994. Plant J. 5, 863.
                  Buchschacher, G.L., Jr., and Panganiban, A.T. 1992. J. Virol. 66, 2731.
                  Gaken, J., et al. 1992. Biotechniques 13, 32.
                  Lama, J., and Carrasco, L. 1992. J. Biol. Chem. 267, 15932.
                  Ma, H., et al. 1992. Gene 117, 161.
                  MacIntyre, G., et al. 1992. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 276, 67.
                  Norman, J.A., et al. 1992. Mol. Pharmacol. 41, 53.
                  Bilang, R., et al. 1991. Gene 100, 247.
                  Dale, E., and Ow, D. 1991. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 10558.
                  Lee, M.G-S., and Van der Ploeg, L. 1991. Gene 105, 255.
                  Leslie, J.F., and Dickman, M.B. 1991. Applied Environ. Microbiol. 57, 1423.
                  MacIntyre, G., et al. 1991. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 35, 2125.
                  Zhou, J., et al. 1991. Gene 107, 307.
                  Bulte, L., and Bennoun, P. 1990. Current Genetics 18, 155.
                  Giordano, T.J., and McAllister, W.T. 1990. Gene 88, 285.
                  Salauze, D., et al. 1990. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 1915.
                  Carrasco, L., et al. 1989. Pharmacol. Ther. 9, 311.
                  Crespi, C.L., et al. 1989. Carcinogenesis 10, 295.
                  Damm, B., et al. 1989. Mol. Gen. Genetics 217, 6.
                  Egelhoff, T.T., et al. 1989. Mol. Cell. Biol. 9, 1965.
                  Kronstad, J.W., et al. 1989. Gene 79, 97.
                  Perlin, D.S., et al. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263, 118.
                  Cullen, D., et al. 1987. Gene 57, 21.
                  Gonzalez, A., et al. 1978. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 521, 459.
                  Malpartida, F., et al. 1983. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 117, 6.
                  Rao, S.N., et al. 1983. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 689.

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                  Kategorie

                  Life Science Research > Inhibitors and Biochemicals > Small Molecules & Inhibitors > Other Inhibitors of Biological Interest > Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
                  Life Science Research > Inhibitors and Biochemicals > Biochemicals > Antibiotics > Antimicrobial Agents
                  Life Science Research > Cell Culture and Systems > Antibiotics & Selection Agents