Tabela com principais espec.
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, M||DB, IF, Southern Blotting, IH(P), Methylated DNA Immunoprecipitation (MeDIP), FC||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||Purified mouse monoclonal IgG1λ in buffer containing PBS without preservative.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||100 µg|
|Visão geral das referências||Pub Med ID|
|Canine spontaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinomas represent their human counterparts at the molecular level. |
Liu, D; Xiong, H; Ellis, AE; Northrup, NC; Dobbin, KK; Shin, DM; Zhao, S
PLoS genetics 11 e1005277 2015
Spontaneous canine head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents an excellent model of human HNSCC but is greatly understudied. To better understand and utilize this valuable resource, we performed a pilot study that represents its first genome-wide characterization by investigating 12 canine HNSCC cases, of which 9 are oral, via high density array comparative genomic hybridization and RNA-seq. The analyses reveal that these canine cancers recapitulate many molecular features of human HNSCC. These include analogous genomic copy number abnormality landscapes and sequence mutation patterns, recurrent alteration of known HNSCC genes and pathways (e.g., cell cycle, PI3K/AKT signaling), and comparably extensive heterogeneity. Amplification or overexpression of protein kinase genes, matrix metalloproteinase genes, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition genes TWIST1 and SNAI1 are also prominent in these canine tumors. This pilot study, along with a rapidly growing body of literature on canine cancer, reemphasizes the potential value of spontaneous canine cancers in HNSCC basic and translational research.
|Chilling- and Freezing-Induced Alterations in Cytosine Methylation and Its Association with the Cold Tolerance of an Alpine Subnival Plant, Chorispora bungeana. |
Song, Y; Liu, L; Feng, Y; Wei, Y; Yue, X; He, W; Zhang, H; An, L
PloS one 10 e0135485 2015
Chilling (0-18°C) and freezing (less than 0°C) are two distinct types of cold stresses. Epigenetic regulation can play an important role in plant adaptation to abiotic stresses. However, it is not yet clear whether and how epigenetic modification (i.e., DNA methylation) mediates the adaptation to cold stresses in nature (e.g., in alpine regions). Especially, whether the adaptation to chilling and freezing is involved in differential epigenetic regulations in plants is largely unknown. Chorispora bungeana is an alpine subnival plant that is distributed in the freeze-thaw tundra in Asia, where chilling and freezing frequently fluctuate daily (24 h). To disentangle how C. bungeana copes with these intricate cold stresses through epigenetic modifications, plants of C. bungeana were treated at 4°C (chilling) and -4°C (freezing) over five periods of time (0-24 h). Methylation-sensitive amplified fragment-length polymorphism markers were used to investigate the variation in DNA methylation of C. bungeana in response to chilling and freezing. It was found that the alterations in DNA methylation of C. bungeana largely occurred over the period of chilling and freezing. Moreover, chilling and freezing appeared to gradually induce distinct DNA methylation variations, as the treatment went on (e.g., after 12 h). Forty-three cold-induced polymorphic fragments were randomly selected and further analyzed, and three of the cloned fragments were homologous to genes encoding alcohol dehydrogenase, UDP-glucosyltransferase and polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein. These candidate genes verified the existence of different expressive patterns between chilling and freezing. Our results showed that C. bungeana responded to cold stresses rapidly through the alterations of DNA methylation, and that chilling and freezing induced different DNA methylation changes. Therefore, we conclude that epigenetic modifications can potentially serve as a rapid and flexible mechanism for C. bungeana to adapt to the intricate cold stresses in the alpine areas.
|Induction of sarcomas by mutant IDH2. |
Lu, C; Venneti, S; Akalin, A; Fang, F; Ward, PS; Dematteo, RG; Intlekofer, AM; Chen, C; Ye, J; Hameed, M; Nafa, K; Agaram, NP; Cross, JR; Khanin, R; Mason, CE; Healey, JH; Lowe, SW; Schwartz, GK; Melnick, A; Thompson, CB
Genes & development 27 1986-98 2013
More than 50% of patients with chondrosarcomas exhibit gain-of-function mutations in either isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) or IDH2. In this study, we performed genome-wide CpG methylation sequencing of chondrosarcoma biopsies and found that IDH mutations were associated with DNA hypermethylation at CpG islands but not other genomic regions. Regions of CpG island hypermethylation were enriched for genes implicated in stem cell maintenance/differentiation and lineage specification. In murine 10T1/2 mesenchymal progenitor cells, expression of mutant IDH2 led to DNA hypermethylation and an impairment in differentiation that could be reversed by treatment with DNA-hypomethylating agents. Introduction of mutant IDH2 also induced loss of contact inhibition and generated undifferentiated sarcomas in vivo. The oncogenic potential of mutant IDH2 correlated with the ability to produce 2-hydroxyglutarate. Together, these data demonstrate that neomorphic IDH2 mutations can be oncogenic in mesenchymal cells.
|Evidence for an instructive mechanism of de novo methylation in cancer cells. |
Keshet, Ilana, et al.
Nat. Genet., 38: 149-53 (2006) 2006
DNA methylation has a role in the regulation of gene expression during normal mammalian development but can also mediate epigenetic silencing of CpG island genes in cancer and other diseases. Many individual genes (including tumor suppressors) have been shown to undergo de novo methylation in specific tumor types, but the biological logic inherent in this process is not understood. To decipher this mechanism, we have adopted a new approach for detecting CpG island DNA methylation that can be used together with microarray technology. Genome-wide analysis by this technique demonstrated that tumor-specific methylated genes belong to distinct functional categories, have common sequence motifs in their promoters and are found in clusters on chromosomes. In addition, many are already repressed in normal cells. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that cancer-related de novo methylation may come about through an instructive mechanism.
|Evaluation of global DNA hypomethylation in human colon cancer tissues by immunohistochemistry and image analysis. |
Hernandez-Blazquez, F J, et al.
Gut, 47: 689-93 (2000) 2000
Global hypomethylation of DNA is frequently observed in human tumours. This alteration is detected in early adenomas in colorectal tumorigenesis. Information is currently acquired after extraction of DNA from tissues, digestion with nucleases, and analysis by reverse phase chromatography, or treatment with restriction enzymes followed by gel electrophoresis analysis and Southern hybridisation with radiolabelled probes.
|DNA global hypomethylation in EBV-transformed interphase nuclei. |
Habib, M, et al.
Exp. Cell Res., 249: 46-53 (1999) 1999
In tumors, DNA is often globally hypomethylated compared to DNA extracted from normal tissues. This observation is usually made after extraction and exhaustive digestion of DNA followed by analysis of nucleosides by chromatography or digestion with restriction enzymes, gel analysis, and hybridization. This approach provides an average value which does not give information on the various cell subpopulations included in heterogeneous samples. Therefore an immunochemical technique was set up with the aim of demonstrating, in a population of mixed cells, the possibility of detecting the presence of individual nuclei containing hypomethylated DNA, on a cell-by-cell basis. Monoclonal antibodies to 5-methylcytidine were used to label cells grown in vitro. Under appropriate fixation and permeabilization conditions, interphase nuclei were labeled. Quantitative differences in the labeling were detected between Epstein-Barr virus-transformed cells and normal peripheral blood monocytes by flow cytometry analysis. Similar differences were observed by fluorescence microscopy. Both results were confirmed by Southern transfer and hybridization of DNA fragments generated by restriction enzyme digestion. This observation, which is in accordance with the occurrence of global DNA hypomethylation in tumors as established by chromatography, opens the field for the analysis of fresh tumor samples by flow cytometry and microscopy.
|Methylation of genomes and genes at the invertebrate-vertebrate boundary. |
Tweedie, S, et al.
Mol. Cell. Biol., 17: 1469-75 (1997) 1997
Patterns of DNA methylation in animal genomes are known to vary from an apparent absence of modified bases, via methylation of a minor fraction of the genome, to genome-wide methylation. Representative genomes from 10 invertebrate phyla comprise predominantly nonmethylated DNA and (usually but not always) a minor fraction of methylated DNA. In contrast, all 27 vertebrate genomes that have been examined display genome-wide methylation. Our studies of chordate genomes suggest that the transition from fractional to global methylation occurred close to the origin of vertebrates, as amphioxus has a typically invertebrate methylation pattern whereas primitive vertebrates (hagfish and lamprey) have patterns that are typical of vertebrates. Surprisingly, methylation of genes preceded this transition, as many invertebrate genes have turned out to be heavily methylated. Methylation does not preferentially affect genes whose expression is highly regulated, as several housekeeping genes are found in the heavily methylated fraction whereas several genes expressed in a tissue-specific manner are in the nonmethylated fraction.
|Polymerase chain reaction products containing 5-methyldeoxycytidine: a microplate immunoquantitation method. |
Niveleau, A, et al.
Nucleic Acids Res., 22: 5508-9 (1994) 1994
|Abnormal methylation pattern in constitutive and facultative (X inactive chromosome) heterochromatin of ICF patients. |
Miniou, P, et al.
Hum. Mol. Genet., 3: 2093-102 (1994) 1994
We have investigated the distribution of DNA methylation in chromosomes and nuclei of normal individuals and ICF (Immunodeficiency, Centromeric instability and Facial abnormalities) syndrome patients, using 5-methylcytosine monoclonal antibody. In this syndrome, DNA digestion with methyl-sensitive enzymes has previously shown a specific hypomethylation of classical satellites located in constitutive heterochromatin. The chromosome methylation pattern confirms this hypomethylation showing in addition a clear undermethylation of facultative heterochromatin (X inactive chromosome). Antibodies give, in normal and ICF chromosomes, a non-uniform labeling of euchromatin, generating a weak R-like banding pattern on chromosomes. This pattern reflects an unequal distribution of DNA methylation over the genome disclosing another aspect of chromosome organization. The breakpoints of chromosome rearrangements and the heterochromatin stretchings observed in ICF patients were analyzed by means of in situ hybridization. These chromosome modifications involve hypomethylated classical DNA satellite sequences. The underlying hypomethylation, associated with an abnormal chromatin organization, may predispose to chromosome instability.
|Monitoring of urinary excretion of modified nucleosides in cancer patients using a set of six monoclonal antibodies. |
Reynaud, C, et al.
Cancer Lett., 61: 255-62 (1992) 1992
Monoclonal antibodies were produced and characterized in order to allow the monitoring of the urinary excretion of six modified nucleosides. The specificity of each antibody was determined and competitive solid-phase enzyme-linked immunoassays were designed, the sensitivity of which lay in the pmol range. Detection and quantitation of 5-methylcytidine (5-MeCyd), 4-acetylcytidine (4-AcCyd), 1-methylinosine (1-MeIno), 1-methyladenosine (1-MeAdo), 7-methylguanosine (7-MeGuo) and pseudouridine (psi-Urd) can be performed in small volumes (70 microliters) of untreated urine. Results can be obtained from as many as 20 different samples, for one molecule, within 3 h. With this technique, values observed for three commonly measured nucleosides in urine from healthy subjects (psi-Urd, 1-MeAdo and 1-MeIno) are in good agreement with those reported by other authors after analysis by high performance liquid chromatography. Results obtained in urine from cancer patients show significantly increased levels of the six haptens quantitated by this immunoassay.
|New Products: Volume 3, 2012|
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