Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|B, H, M, Po, R, Rb||WB||Rb||Purified||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||PBS, 0.02% sodium azide before the addition of glycerol to 10%|
|Application||Anti-CPI-17 Antibody is an antibody against CPI-17 for use in WB.|
|Application Notes||NOT cross-reactive in yeast.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||2 years at -20°C|
|Material Size||200 µg|
|Anti-CPI-17 (rabbit polyclonal IgG) - 2137088||2137088|
|Anti-CPI-17 (rabbit polyclonal IgG) - 2395753||2395753|
|Anti-CPI-17 (rabbit polyclonal IgG)||2991968|
|Anti-CPI-17 (rabbit polyclonal IgG) - 1966950||1966950|
|Anti-CPI-17 (rabbit polyclonal IgG) - JBC1381981||JBC1381981|
|Anti-CPI-17 - 2043527||2043527|
|Anti-CPI-17 - 22343||22343|
|Anti-CPI-17 - 2510378||2510378|
|Anti-CPI-17 - 26462||26462|
|Anti-CPI-17 - DAM1493354||DAM1493354|
|Reference overview||Application||Species||Pub Med ID|
|The role of calcium-independent phospholipase A2γ in modulation of aqueous humor drainage and Ca2+ sensitization of trabecular meshwork contraction.|
Pattabiraman, PP; Lih, FB; Tomer, KB; Rao, PV
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology 302 C979-91 2012
The contractile and relaxation characteristics of trabecular meshwork (TM) are presumed to influence aqueous humor (AH) drainage and intraocular pressure. The mechanisms underlying regulation of TM cell contractile properties, however, are not well understood. This study investigates the role of calcium-independent phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)), which controls eicosanoid synthesis, in regulation of TM cell contraction and AH outflow using mechanism-based isoform specific inhibitors (R)-bromoenol lactone (R-BEL, iPLA(2)γ specific) and (S)-bromoenol lactone (S-BEL, iPLA(2)β specific). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed intense staining for both iPLA(2)β and γ isoforms throughout the TM, juxtacanalicular tissue, and Schlemm's canal of human eye. Inhibition of iPLA(2)γ by R-BEL or small interfering RNA-mediated silencing of iPLA(2)γ expression induced dramatic changes in TM cell morphology, and decreased actin stress fibers, focal adhesions, and myosin light-chain (MLC) phosphorylation. AH outflow facility increased progressively and significantly in enucleated porcine eyes perfused with R-BEL. This response was associated with a significant decrease in TM tissue MLC phosphorylation and alterations in the morphology of aqueous plexi in R-BEL-perfused eyes. In contrast, S-BEL did not affect either of these parameters. Additionally, R-BEL-induced cellular relaxation of the TM was associated with a significant decrease in the levels of active Rho GTPase, phospho-MLC phosphatase, phospho-CPI-17, and arachidonic acid. Taken together, these observations demonstrate that iPLA(2)γ plays a significant and isoform-specific role in regulation of AH outflow facility by altering the contractile characteristics of the TM. The effects of iPLA(2)γ on TM contractile status appear to involve arachidonic acid and Rho GTPase signaling pathways.
|Ca2+-independent, inhibitory effects of cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate on Ca2+ regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase C2alpha, Rho, and myosin phosphatase in vascular smooth muscle.|
Azam, MA; Yoshioka, K; Ohkura, S; Takuwa, N; Sugimoto, N; Sato, K; Takuwa, Y
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics 320 907-16 2007
We have recently demonstrated in vascular smooth muscle (VSM) that membrane depolarization by high KCl induces Ca(2+)-dependent Rho activation and myosin phosphatase (MLCP) inhibition (Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+)-sensitization) through the mechanisms involving phosphorylation of myosin-targeting protein 1 (MYPT1) and 17-kDa protein kinase C (PKC)-potentiated inhibitory protein of PP1 (CPI-17). In the present study, we investigated whether and how cAMP affected Ca(2+)-dependent MLCP inhibition by examining the effects of forskolin, cell-permeable dibutyryl cAMP (dbcAMP), and isoproterenol. Forskolin, but not its inactive analog 1,9-dideoxyforskolin, inhibited KCl-induced contraction and the 20-kDa myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation without inhibiting Ca(2+) mobilization in rabbit aortic VSM. dbcAMP mimicked these forskolin effects. We recently suggested that Ca(2+)-mediated Rho activation is dependent on class II alpha-isoform of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K-C2alpha). Forskolin inhibited KCl-induced stimulation of PI3K-C2alpha activity. KCl-induced membrane depolarization stimulated Rho in a manner dependent on a PI3K but not PKC and stimulated phosphorylation of MYPT1 at Thr(850) and CPI-17 at Thr(38) in manners dependent on both PI3K and Rho kinase, but not PKC. Forskolin, dbcAMP, and isoproterenol inhibited KCl-induced Rho activation and phosphorylation of MYPT1 and CPI-17. Consistent with these data, forskolin, isoproterenol, a PI3K inhibitor, or a Rho kinase inhibitor, but not a PKC inhibitor, abolished KCl-induced diphosphorylation of MLC. These observations indicate that cAMP inhibits Ca(2+)-mediated activation of the MLCP-regulating signaling pathway comprising PI3K-C2alpha, Rho, and Rho kinase in a manner independent of Ca(2+) and point to the novel mechanism of the cAMP actions in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle contraction.
|Class II phosphoinositide 3-kinase alpha-isoform regulates Rho, myosin phosphatase and contraction in vascular smooth muscle.|
Yu Wang,Kazuaki Yoshioka,Mohammed Ali Azam,Noriko Takuwa,Sotaro Sakurada,Yuji Kayaba,Naotoshi Sugimoto,Isao Inoki,Takaharu Kimura,Tomoyuki Kuwaki,Yoh Takuwa
The Biochemical journal 394 2006
We demonstrated previously that membrane depolarization and excitatory receptor agonists such as noradrenaline induce Ca2+-dependent Rho activation in VSM (vascular smooth muscle), resulting in MP (myosin phosphatase) inhibition through the mechanisms involving Rho kinase-mediated phosphorylation of its regulatory subunit MYPT1. In the present study, we show in de-endothelialized VSM strips that the PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) inhibitors LY294002 and wortmannin inhibited KCl membrane depolarization- and noradrenaline-induced Rho activation and MYPT1 phosphorylation, with concomitant inhibition of MLC (20-kDa myosin light chain) phosphorylation and contraction. LY294002 also augmented de-phosphorylation of MLC and resultantly relaxation in KCl-contracted VSM, whereas LY294002 was much less effective or ineffective under the conditions in which MP was inhibited by either a phosphatase inhibitor or a phorbol ester in Rho-independent manners. VSM express at least four PI3K isoforms, including the class I enzymes p110alpha and p110beta and the class II enzymes PI3K-C2alpha and -C2beta. The dose-response relationships of PI3K-inhibitor-induced inhibition of Rho, MLC phosphorylation and contraction were similar to that of PI3K-C2alpha inhibition, but not to that of the class I PI3K inhibition. Moreover, KCl and noradrenaline induced stimulation of PI3K-C2alpha in a Ca2+-dependent manner, but not of p110alpha or p110beta. Down-regulation of PI3K-C2alpha expression by siRNA (small interfering RNA) inhibited contraction and phosphorylation of MYPT1 and MLC in VSM cells. Finally, intravenous wortmannin infusion induced sustained hypotension in rats, with inhibition of PI3K-C2alpha activity, GTP-loading of Rho and MYPT1 phosphorylation in the artery. These results indicate the novel role of PI3K-C2alpha in Ca2+-dependent Rho-mediated negative control of MP and thus VSM contraction.Full Text Article
|Disruption of Rho signal transduction upon cell detachment.|
Ren, XD; Wang, R; Li, Q; Kahek, LA; Kaibuchi, K; Clark, RA
Journal of cell science 117 3511-8 2004
Serum-soluble factors play a dominant role in the activation of the small GTPase RhoA. Cell adhesion also modulates RhoA activity but the effect is modest in the absence of serum. Here, we show that cell adhesion is required for serum-stimulated Rho signal transduction leading to myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation. Characterization of Rho-kinase substrates revealed that diphosphorylation of MLC at Thr-18 and Ser-19 (ppMLC(T18/S19)) and phosphorylation of the myosin-binding subunit (MBS) of myosin phosphatase at Thr-853 (pMBS(T853)) were mostly Rho and Rho-kinase dependent in attached fibroblasts. MLC monophosphorylation at Ser-19 (pMLC(S19)) was partially dependent on Rho kinase, whereas phosphorylation of MBS at Thr-696 (pMBS(T696)) and phosphorylation of CPI-17 at Thr-38 (pCPI-17(T38)) were mostly Rho-kinase independent. Cell detachment caused a significant reduction in pMLC(S19) and a more dramatic decrease of ppMLC(T18/S19) without inhibiting RhoA. pMBS(T853), pMBS(T696) and pCPI-17(T38) were not significantly reduced, suggesting that myosin-phosphatase activity was little changed. Cells expressing active RhoA (RhoA(V14)) or Rho-kinase catalytic domain maintained elevated pMBS(T853) upon detachment but failed to support ppMLC(T18/S19), indicating that the ability of Rho kinase to phosphorylate MLC is impaired. Reattachment to immobilized fibronectin resulted in a gradual recovery of Rho-kinase-induced ppMLC(T18/S19) that is absent from the cells attached to poly-L-lysine. The convergence of signals from soluble factors and cell adhesion might therefore occur at the point of MLC phosphorylation, providing an effective mechanism for dynamic control of contractility during cell migration.
|Cerebellar long-term synaptic depression requires PKC-mediated activation of CPI-17, a myosin/moesin phosphatase inhibitor|
Eto, M., et al
Neuron, 36:1145-58 (2002) 2002
|Solution NMR structure of the myosin phosphatase inhibitor protein CPI-17 shows phosphorylation-induced conformational changes responsible for activation.|
Ohki, S, et al.
J. Mol. Biol., 314: 839-49 (2001) 2001
Contractility of vascular smooth muscle depends on phosphorylation of myosin light chains, and is modulated by hormonal control of myosin phosphatase activity. Signaling pathways activate kinases such as PKC or Rho-dependent kinases that phosphorylate the myosin phosphatase inhibitor protein called CPI-17. Phosphorylation of CPI-17 at Thr38 enhances its inhibitory potency 1000-fold, creating a molecular on/off switch for regulating contraction. We report the solution NMR structure of the CPI-17 inhibitory domain (residues 35-120), which retains the signature biological properties of the full-length protein. The final ensemble of 20 sets of NMR coordinates overlaid onto their mean structure with r.m.s.d. values of 0.84(+/-0.22) A for the backbone atoms. The protein forms a novel four-helix, V-shaped bundle comprised of a central anti-parallel helix pair (B/C helices) flanked by two large spiral loops formed by the N and C termini that are held together by another anti-parallel helix pair (A/D helices) stabilized by intercalated aromatic and aliphatic side-chains. Chemical shift perturbations indicated that phosphorylation of Thr38 induces a conformational change involving displacement of helix A, without significant movement of the other three helices. This conformational change seems to flex one arm of the molecule, thereby exposing new surfaces of the helix A and the nearby phosphorylation loop to form specific interactions with the catalytic site of the phosphatase. This phosphorylation-dependent conformational change offers new structural insights toward understanding the specificity of CPI-17 for myosin phosphatase and its function as a molecular switch.
|Histamine-induced vasoconstriction involves phosphorylation of a specific inhibitor protein for myosin phosphatase by protein kinase C alpha and delta isoforms.|
Eto, M, et al.
J. Biol. Chem., 276: 29072-8 (2001) 2001
Histamine stimulus triggers inhibition of myosin phosphatase-enhanced phosphorylation of myosin and contraction of vascular smooth muscle. In response to histamine stimulation of intact femoral artery, a smooth muscle-specific protein called CPI-17 (for protein kinase C-potentiated inhibitory protein for heterotrimeric myosin light chain phosphatase of 17 kDa) is phosphorylated and converted to a potent inhibitor for myosin phosphatase. Phosphorylation of CPI-17 is diminished by pretreatment with either or GF109203x, suggesting involvement of multiple kinases (Kitazawa, T., Eto, M., Woodsome, T. P., and Brautigan, D. L. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 9897--9900). Here we purified and identified CPI-17 kinases endogenous to pig artery that phosphorylate CPI-17. DEAE-Toyopearl column chromatography of aorta extracts separated two CPI-17 kinases. One kinase was protein kinase C (PKC) alpha, and the second kinase was purified to homogeneity as a 45-kDa protein, and identified by sequencing as PKC delta. Purified PKC delta was 3-fold more reactive with CPI-17 compared with myelin basic protein, whereas purified PKC alpha and recombinant RhoA-activated kinases (Rho-associated coiled-coil forming protein Ser/Thr kinase and protein kinase N) showed equal activity with CPI-17 and myelin basic protein. inhibited CPI-17 phosphorylation by purified PKC delta with IC(50) of 0.6 microm (in the presence of 0.1 mm ATP) or 14 microm (2.0 mm ATP). significantly suppressed CPI-17 phosphorylation in smooth muscle cells, and the contraction of permeabilized rabbit femoral artery induced by stimulation with phorbol ester. GF109203x inhibited phorbol ester-induced contraction of rabbit femoral artery by 80%, whereas a PKC alpha/beta inhibitor, Go6976, reduced contraction by 47%. The results imply that histamine stimulation elicits contraction of vascular smooth muscle through activation of PKC alpha and especially PKC delta to phosphorylate CPI-17.
|Molecular cloning of a novel phosphorylation-dependent inhibitory protein of protein phosphatase-1 (CPI17) in smooth muscle: its specific localization in smooth muscle.|
Eto, M, et al.
FEBS Lett., 410: 356-60 (1997) 1997