Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H||WB, IH(P)||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Once reconstituted, maintain at 2°-8°C for up to 12 months from date of receipt. For extended storage, aliquots can be stored at -20°C. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.|
|Material Size||50 µg|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|The distribution and origin of keratin 20-containing taste buds in rat and human.|
Zhang, C and Oakley, B
Differentiation, 61: 121-7 (1996) 1996
|Cytokeratin 20 as an objective marker of urothelial dysplasia.|
Harnden, P, et al.
British journal of urology, 78: 870-5 (1996) 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dysregulation of cytokeratin 20 (CK20) expression in urothelial dysplasia and its potential as a diagnostic aid. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients were selected on the basis that they had undergone one or more biopsies showing dysplasia before the development of a transitional cell carcinoma (TCC): 15 of these patients also had a prior history of TCC. The dysplasia was classified as mild in 12, moderate in 14 or severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ in 10 patients, ensuring that a spectrum of morphological appearances was represented. Control biopsies were obtained from seven children undergoing bladder reconstructions and 23 patients with recurrent urinary tract infections, haematuria or functional bladder symptoms, but no history of TCC. RESULTS: The expression of CK20 was restricted to superficial 'umbrella' cells and occasional intermediate cells in the control biopsies, even in the presence of severe inflammation. In 31 of the 36 cases of dysplasia complete loss of restriction was seen at least focally with positive expression in all layers of the urothelium. CONCLUSION: The abnormal expression of CK20 is a reliable, positive marker of urothelial dysplasia in the urinary bladder. Immunostaining for CK20 is therefore a useful adjunct to morphology in the diagnosis of dysplasia, of particular value in the distinction from reactive states where diagnostic difficulties are greatest.
|Epithelial markers and differentiation in adnexal neoplasms of the skin: an immunohistochemical study including individual cytokeratins.|
Demirkesen, C, et al.
J. Cutan. Pathol., 22: 518-35 (1995) 1995
Applying immunohistochemical procedures for the detection of eight different cytokeratin (CK) polypeptides and other differentiation markers, we compared the staining patterns of normal cutaneous structures with those of benign adnexal tumors (n = 65). Syringomas exhibited a marker pattern highly reminiscent of that seen in normal dermal eccrine ducts (EMA in peripheral cells, CK 10 in intermediate cells, and CK 6, CK 19, and CEA in luminal cells). Nodular hidradenomas exhibited complex patterns suggesting relationship between tumor cells, including clear cells, and normal secretory coil cells (CK 7, CK 8, CK 19, and EMA); however, dermal-duct and epidermoid differentiation were also detectable. In both cylindromas and spiradenomas, zonal staining patterns were apparent: modified myoepithelial cells were positive for smooth-muscle-type actin, while the luminal cells mainly expressed ductal markers (CK 6 and CK 19) and, less prominently, secretory-coil markers including CK 7. Eccrine poromas exhibited a widespread reaction for CK 5/6 and EMA, analogous to peripheral dermal duct cells, but focal maturation toward inner-ductal and secretory-coil cells was also demonstrable. The staining pattern observed in trichoepitheliomas resembled that of the outer but not the inner root sheath. In conclusion, the detailed marker profiles obtained in the present study have broadened our understanding of the differentiation and nature of these highly singular tumor types.
|Establishment of new ovarian and colon carcinoma cell lines: differentiation is only possible by cytokeratin analysis.|
Möbus, V J, et al.
Br. J. Cancer, 69: 422-8 (1994) 1994
Two human ovarian (OV-MZ-10, OV-MZ-15) and two colon cancer cell lines (CO-MZ-5, CO-MZ-6) were newly established in permanent cell culture. These cell lines have been maintained in vitro for 5-6 years, the passage number varying from 25 to 228. They were established from ascites or solid tumours at the time of primary surgery. By clinical and histopathological judgement alone all four cell lines would have been interpreted as ovarian cancer cell lines. Morphological criteria or the expression of the tumour-associated antigens CA-125 and CEA allowed no differential diagnosis. Only the analysis of the expression of different cytokeratins and vimentin enabled us to verify the different origin of the cell lines. Ovarian cancer cell lines, in contrast to the colon cancer cell lines, are positive for the expression of cytokeratin (CK) 7 and for vimentin. CK 20 proved to be the marker with the best discrimination. CK 20 was found exclusively in the colon carcinoma cell lines, but not in the ovarian carcinoma cell lines. The evaluation of cytokeratin expression is a helpful diagnostic modality in differentiating between adenocarcinoma cell lines derived from ovarian and colon tumours.
|Comparative cytokeratin analysis of sweat gland ducts and eccrine poromas.|
Moll, I and Moll, R
Arch. Dermatol. Res., 283: 300-9 (1991) 1991
Human eccrine sweat gland ducts and benign and malignant eccrine poromas were studied for the expression of various cytokeratins (CK) and vimentin by applying immunoperoxidase and immunofluorescence microscopy to frozen or paraffin-embedded sections, and using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting. In acrosyringia and dermal eccrine ducts, the luminal cells exhibited intense staining for CKs 1/10/11 and 19. The periluminal cell layers of acrosyringia contained CKs 1/10/11, while CK 5 was absent. In contrast, the basal cell layer of dermal ducts was only positive with the antibody against CK 5, i.e. a pattern resembling that seen in epidermal basal cells. CK 9 was detected only in keratinocytes peripherally surrounding acrosyringia. In benign poromas, gel electrophoresis revealed that CKs 5 and 14 were predominant, with CKs 6, 16 and 17 being minor components. At the immunohistochemical level CKs 1/10/11 and 19 could be further detected with varying frequency in scattered or clustered cells and/or duct-like structures. Occasionally, CK 9-positive cells were observed. Malignant poromas displayed a similar overall gel-electrophoretic pattern. Their immunohistochemical staining patterns were also similar to (albeit rather more variable than) those seen in benign poromas. Our results show that, with respect to their CK expression pattern, the majority of poroma cells resemble the basal cells of both the dermal ducts and the epidermis, while only minor and variable subpopulations acquire features present in ductal/acrosyringial luminal cells that would be indicative of poral differentiation. Thus, the matrix cells of poromas seem to be most closely related to basal cells located at the transition between the glandular epidermal ridge and dermal eccrine duct, being in no way analogous to the cells of the adult acrosyringium above the basal cell level.
|Anti-Cytokeratin 20, clone IT-Ks20.8 - Data Sheet|