Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|B, Rb||WB, IHC, IF||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||Purified mouse monoclonal IgG1κ in buffer containing 0.1 M Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 150 mM NaCl with 0.05% sodium azide.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Stable for 1 year at 2-8°C from date of receipt.|
|Material Size||100 µg|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Isolation, culture, characterization and optimization of human corneal stem cells.|
Sharifi, AM; Darabi, R; Jadidi, K
Biocell : official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 34 53-5 2010
The effects of human versus mouse EGF on cell growth and culture duration were studied to optimize a human limbal stem cells culture method for therapeutical autologous transplantation. Limbal cells were obtained by trypsin digestion and transferred to a culture medium. The time needed to reach full confluence in culture was determined. Specific antibodies to corneal stem cell marker (P63) versus corneal epithelial differentiation marker (K3) were used for histochemical determinations. A high proportion of P63 positive cells (85 +/- 4.6%), and a correspondingly low proportion K3 positive cells (15 +/- 3.8%) indicated that most cultured cells remained undifferentiated and were considered as stem cells (mean +/- SE, n=10). Cultures reached full confluency after 17.3 +/- 1.2 days when the medium was supplemented with human EGF, while 21.7 +/- 1.5 days were needed when the medium was supplemented with mouse EGF. The results showed that limbal stem cells proliferate more easily and reach to full confluency in a shorter time if the medium is supplemented with hEGF rather than with mEGF.
|Intrastromal invasion by limbal epithelial cells is mediated by epithelial-mesenchymal transition activated by air exposure.|
Kawakita, T; Espana, EM; He, H; Li, W; Liu, CY; Tseng, SC
The American journal of pathology 167 381-93 2005
Corneal epithelial stem cells are located in the basal layer of the limbus between the cornea and the conjunctiva. Regulation of these limbal epithelial progenitor cells by the stromal niche dictates corneal surface health. To further characterize this process, limbal explants were cultured at the air-fluid interface, termed air-lifting, to stimulate the niche. As compared to submerged cultures, air-lifting significantly promoted epithelial stratification, migration, proliferation, and intrastromal invasion by limbal epithelial cells. Epithelial intrastromal invasion was noted when the limbal, but not corneal, epithelium was recombined with the limbal stroma containing live, but not dead, cells. Invading limbal basal cells displayed up-regulated nuclear expression of p63 and Ki67, down-regulated E-cadherin and cornea-specific keratin 3, and switched expression of beta-catenin from intercellular junctions to the nucleus and cytoplasm, indicating the activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway. Invaded cells isolated by collagenase from the stroma of air-lifted, but not submerged, explants showed vivid clonal growth on 3T3 fibroblast feeder layers and complete epithelial-mesenchymal transition by expressing nuclear p63 and cytoplasmic S100A4. These findings collectively suggest that epithelial-mesenchymal transition via the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway influences the fate of limbal epithelial cells, likely to be progenitor cells, between regeneration and fibrosis when the stromal niche is activated.
|Propagation and phenotypic preservation of rabbit limbal epithelial cells on amniotic membrane.|
Wang, DY; Hsueh, YJ; Yang, VC; Chen, JK
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 44 4698-704 2003
To describe the phenotypic characteristics of a limbal epithelial cell sheet outgrowth from a limbal explant cultured on amniotic membrane.Immunofluorescent staining and confocal microscopy were used to examine the expressions of p63, Ki-67, keratins 3 and 14, connexin 43, and the integrin alpha6/beta4 and alpha3/beta1 subunits in corneal and limbal tissues in a limbal explant and epithelial outgrowth cultured for 2 weeks on amniotic membrane.The expression patterns of p63, Ki-67, keratins, integrins, and connexin 43 in a limbal explant with an epithelial outgrowth cultured for 2 weeks on amniotic membrane resembled those in freshly prepared limbus. Moreover, the distribution of integrin subunits in positive cells of the limbal explant and its epithelial outgrowth was similar to that of the corneal epithelial cells during wound repair.The epithelial cell sheet grown from a limbal explant on amniotic membrane exhibited a phenotype similar to that of the limbus, suggesting that amniotic membrane is a substrate capable of supporting the propagation and preservation of p63-positive limbal epithelial cells.
|Monoclonal antibody analysis of bovine epithelial keratins. Specific pairs as defined by coexpression.|
Cooper, D; Sun, TT
The Journal of biological chemistry 261 4646-54 1986
We have characterized the keratin proteins of various bovine epithelial tissues by one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, coupled with the immunoblot technique using AE1, AE2, AE3, AE5, CA20, BE14, and 6.11 monoclonal antikeratin antibodies. The results indicate that all known bovine keratins can be divided into two subfamilies. The "acidic" (Type I) subfamily consists of 41-, 43-, 45-, 46-, 50-, 54-, 56-, and 56.5-kDa keratins, all of which have a pI of less than 5.6, and most of them are recognized by our AE1 antibody, whereas the "neutral-to-basic" (Type II) subfamily consists of 55-, 57-, 58-, 62-65-, 66-, and 67-kDa keratins, all of which have a pI of greater than 6.0 and are recognized by our AE3 antibody. Tissue distribution data and cell culture studies show that, within the two subfamilies, keratins with similar "size ranks" form a "pair" as defined by frequent co-expression. Furthermore, within most "keratin pairs," the basic keratin is larger than the acidic one by 8-10 kDa. These results provide further support for the concepts of "keratin subfamilies" and keratin pairs and are consistent with the possibility that the acidic and basic members of at least some keratin pairs may interact specifically during in vivo tonofilament assembly and/or function. Immunoblotting data derived from the use of several monospecific antibodies show that although the size, charge, and pattern of expression of most bovine keratins are similar to those of the human counterparts, there are important exceptions to this rule.
|Differentiation-related expression of a major 64K corneal keratin in vivo and in culture suggests limbal location of corneal epithelial stem cells.|
Schermer, A; Galvin, S; Sun, TT
The Journal of cell biology 103 49-62 1986
In this paper we present keratin expression data that lend strong support to a model of corneal epithelial maturation in which the stem cells are located in the limbus, the transitional zone between cornea and conjunctiva. Using a new monoclonal antibody, AE5, which is highly specific for a 64,000-mol-wt corneal keratin, designated RK3, we demonstrate that this keratin is localized in all cell layers of rabbit corneal epithelium, but only in the suprabasal layers of the limbal epithelium. Analysis of cultured corneal keratinocytes showed that they express sequentially three major keratin pairs. Early cultures consisting of a monolayer of "basal" cells express mainly the 50/58K keratins, exponentially growing cells synthesize additional 48/56K keratins, and postconfluent, heavily stratified cultures begin to express the 55/64K corneal keratins. Cell separation experiments showed that basal cells isolated from postconfluent cultures contain predominantly the 50/58K pair, whereas suprabasal cells contain additional 55/64K and 48/56K pairs. Basal cells of the older, postconfluent cultures, however, can become AE5 positive, indicating that suprabasal location is not a prerequisite for the expression of the 64K keratin. Taken together, these results suggest that the acidic 55K and basic 64K keratins represent markers for an advanced stage of corneal epithelial differentiation. The fact that epithelial basal cells of central cornea but not those of the limbus possess the 64K keratin therefore indicates that corneal basal cells are in a more differentiated state than limbal basal cells. These findings, coupled with the known centripetal migration of corneal epithelial cells, strongly suggest that corneal epithelial stem cells are located in the limbus, and that corneal basal cells correspond to "transient amplifying cells" in the scheme of "stem cells----transient amplifying cells----terminally differentiated cells."