Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, M, R, Rb||IP, WB||Rb||Serum||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-PP2A Antibody, C subunit|
|Application||Anti-PP2A Antibody, C subunit is an antibody against PP2A for use in IP & WB.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||200 µg|
|Reference overview||Application||Species||Pub Med ID|
|Neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties of a coffee component in the MPTP model of Parkinson's disease.|
Lee, KW; Im, JY; Woo, JM; Grosso, H; Kim, YS; Cristovao, AC; Sonsalla, PK; Schuster, DS; Jalbut, MM; Fernandez, JR; Voronkov, M; Junn, E; Braithwaite, SP; Stock, JB; Mouradian, MM
Neurotherapeutics : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics 10 143-53 2013
Consumption of coffee is associated with reduced risk of Parkinson's disease (PD), an effect that has largely been attributed to caffeine. However, coffee contains numerous components that may also be neuroprotective. One of these compounds is eicosanoyl-5-hydroxytryptamide (EHT), which ameliorates the phenotype of α-synuclein transgenic mice associated with decreased protein aggregation and phosphorylation, improved neuronal integrity and reduced neuroinflammation. Here, we sought to investigate if EHT has an effect in the MPTP model of PD. Mice fed a diet containing EHT for four weeks exhibited dose-dependent preservation of nigral dopaminergic neurons following MPTP challenge compared to animals given control feed. Reductions in striatal dopamine and tyrosine hydroxylase content were also less pronounced with EHT treatment. The neuroinflammatory response to MPTP was markedly attenuated, and indices of oxidative stress and JNK activation were significantly prevented with EHT. In cultured primary microglia and astrocytes, EHT had a direct anti-inflammatory effect demonstrated by repression of lipopolysaccharide-induced NFκB activation, iNOS induction, and nitric oxide production. EHT also exhibited a robust anti-oxidant activity in vitro. Additionally, in SH-SY5Y cells, MPP(+)-induced demethylation of phosphoprotein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), the master regulator of the cellular phosphoregulatory network, and cytotoxicity were ameliorated by EHT. These findings indicate that the neuroprotective effect of EHT against MPTP is through several mechanisms including its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities as well as its ability to modulate the methylation and hence activity of PP2A. Our data, therefore, reveal a strong beneficial effect of a novel component of coffee in multiple endpoints relevant to PD.
|Afferent arteriolar dilation to 11, 12-EET analogs involves PP2A activity and Ca2+-activated K+ Channels.|
John D Imig,Christiana Dimitropoulou,D Sudarshan Reddy,Richard E White,John R Falck
Microcirculation (New York, N.Y. : 1994) 15 2008
The epoxygenase metabolite, 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11, 12-EET), has renal vascular actions. 11, 12-EET analogs have been developed to determine the structure activity relationship for 11, 12-EET and as a tool to investigate signaling mechanisms responsible for afferent arteriolar dilation. We hypothesized that 11, 12-EET mediated afferent arteriolar dilation involves increased phosphoprotein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and large-conductance calcium activated K+ (KCa) channels. We evaluated the chemically and/or metabolically table 11, 12-EET analogs: 11, 12-EET-N-methylsulfonimide (11, 12-EET-SI), 11-nonyloxy-undec-8(Z)-enoic acid (11, 12-ether-EET-8-ZE), and 11, 12-trans-oxidoeicosa-8(Z)-eonoic acid (11, 12-tetra-EET-8-ZE). Afferent arteriolar responses were assessed. Activation of KCa channels by 11, 12-EET analogs were established by single cell channel recordings in renal myocytes. Assessment of renal vascular responses revealed that 11, 12-EET analogs increased afferent arteriolar diameter. Vasodilator responses to 11, 12-EET analogs were abolished by K+ channel or PP2A inhibition. 11, 12-EET analogs activated renal myocyte large-conductance KCa channels. 11, 12-EET analogs increased cAMP by 2-fold and PP2A activity increased 3-8 fold in renal myocytes. PP2A inhibition did not significantly affect the 11, 12-EET analog mediated increase in cAMP and PP2A increased renal myocyte KCa channel activity to a much greater extent than PKA. These data support the concept that 11, 12-EET utilizes PP2A dependent pathways to activate large-conductance KCa channels and dilate the afferent arteriole.Full Text Article
|Functional interaction of Aurora-A and PP2A during mitosis.|
Horn, V; Thélu, J; Garcia, A; Albigès-Rizo, C; Block, MR; Viallet, J
Molecular biology of the cell 18 1233-41 2007
Entry into mitosis is a highly regulated process, promoted by the activated Cyclin B1/Cdk1 complex. Activation of this complex is controlled, in part, by the protein kinase Aurora-A, which is a member of a multigenic serine/threonine kinase family. In normal cells, Aurora-A activity is regulated, at least in part, by degradation through the APC-ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. It has recently been proposed that, in Xenopus, Aurora-A degradation can be inhibited by phosphorylation. It would thus be expected that a phosphatase activity would release this blockade at the end of mitosis. Here, we have shown that the protein phosphatase PP2A and Aurora-A are colocalized at the cell poles during mitosis in human cells and interact within the same complex. Using the PP2A inhibitor okadaic acid and an RNAi approach, we have shown that this interaction is functional within the cell. PP2A/Aurora-A interaction is promoted by an S51D mutation in Aurora-A and inhibited by a phosphomimetic peptide centered around Aurora-A S51, thereby strongly suggesting that PP2A controls Aurora-A degradation by dephosphorylating serine 51 in the A box of the human enzyme.
|Alpha-synuclein activation of protein phosphatase 2A reduces tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation in dopaminergic cells.|
Peng, X; Peng, XM; Tehranian, R; Dietrich, P; Stefanis, L; Perez, RG
Journal of cell science 118 3523-30 2005
alpha-Synuclein is an abundant presynaptic protein implicated in neuronal plasticity and neurodegenerative diseases. Although the function of alpha-synuclein is not thoroughly elucidated, we found that alpha-synuclein regulates dopamine synthesis by binding to and inhibiting tyrosine hydroxylase, the rate limiting enzyme in dopamine synthesis. Understanding alpha-synuclein function in dopaminergic cells should add to our knowledge of this key protein, which is implicated in Parkinson's disease and other disorders. Herein, we report a mechanism by which alpha-synuclein diminishes tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation and activity in stably transfected dopaminergic cells. Short-term regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase depends on the phosphorylation of key seryl residues in the amino-terminal regulatory domain of the protein. Of these, Ser40 contributes significantly to tyrosine hydroxylase activation and dopamine synthesis. We observed that alpha-synuclein overexpression caused reduced Ser40 phosphorylation in MN9D cells and inducible PC12 cells. Ser40 is phosphorylated chiefly by the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase PKA and dephosphorylated almost exclusively by the protein phosphatase, PP2A. Therefore, we measured the impact of alpha-synuclein overexpression on levels and activity of PKA and PP2A in our cells. PKA was unaffected by alpha-synuclein. PP2A protein levels also were unchanged, however, the activity of PP2A increased in parallel with alpha-synuclein expression. Inhibition of PP2A dramatically increased Ser40 phosphorylation only in alpha-synuclein overexpressors in which alpha-synuclein was also found to co-immunoprecipitate with PP2A. Together the data reveal a functional interaction between alpha-synuclein and PP2A that leads to PP2A activation and underscores a key role for alpha-synuclein in protein phosphorylation.
|The serine phosphatases PP1 and PP2A associate with and activate the actin-binding protein cofilin in human T lymphocytes|
Ambach, A., et al
Eur J Immunol, 30:3422-31 (2000) 2000
|Association of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator and protein phosphatase 2C.|
T Zhu, D Dahan, A Evagelidis, S Zheng, J Luo, J W Hanrahan
The Journal of biological chemistry 274 29102-7 1999
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channels are rapidly deactivated by a membrane-bound phosphatase activity. The efficiency of this regulation suggests CFTR and protein phosphatases may be associated within a regulatory complex. In this paper we test that possibility using co-immunoprecipitation and cross-linking experiments. A monoclonal anti-CFTR antibody co-precipitated type 2C protein phosphatase (PP2C) from baby hamster kidney cells stably expressing CFTR but did not co-precipitate PP1, PP2A, or PP2B. Conversely, a polyclonal anti-PP2C antibody co-precipitated CFTR from baby hamster kidney membrane extracts. Exposing baby hamster kidney cell lysates to dithiobis (sulfosuccinimidyl propionate) caused the cross-linking of histidine-tagged CFTR (CFTR(His10)) and PP2C into high molecular weight complexes that were isolated by chromatography on Ni(2+)-nitrilotriacetic acid-agarose. Chemical cross-linking was specific for PP2C, because PP1, PP2A, and PP2B did not co-purify with CFTR(His10) after dithiobis (sulfosuccinimidyl propionate) exposure. These results suggest CFTR and PP2C exist in a stable complex that facilitates regulation of the channel.
|Postnatal changes in contractile time parameters, calcium regulatory proteins, and phosphatases|
Gombosova, I, et al.
Am J Physiol, 274:H2123-H2132 (1998) 1998
|cAMP counter-regulates insulin-mediated protein phosphatase-2A inactivation in rat skeletal muscle cells|
Begum, N. and Ragolia, L.
J Biol Chem, 271:31166-71 (1996) 1996
|CREB phosphorylation and dephosphorylation: a Ca(2+)- and stimulus duration-dependent switch for hippocampal gene expression|
Bito, H., et al
Cell, 87:1203-14 (1996) 1996
|Immunoblotting (Western), Immunofluorescence||8980227|
|The 86-kDa subunit of autoantigen Ku is a somatostatin receptor regulating protein phosphatase-2A activity|
Le Romancer, M., et al
J Biol Chem, 269:17464-8 (1994) 1994