Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, M, R, Sh||EMSA||Rb||Serum||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||whole rabbit antiserum containing 0.05% sodium azide|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||2 years at -20°C|
|Material Size||250 µL|
|Anti-STAT5 A/B (rabbit antiserum) - 2448445||2448445|
|Anti-STAT5 A/B (rabbit antiserum) - 2273156||2273156|
|Anti-STAT5 A/B - 2044801||2044801|
|Anti-STAT5 A/B - DAM1487552||DAM1487552|
|Anti-STAT5 A/B - DAM1661055||DAM1661055|
|Anti-STAT5 A/B -2614572||2614572|
|Anti-STAT5A/B - 16672||16672|
|Anti-STAT5A/B - 21576||21576|
|Reference overview||Application||Pub Med ID|
|A Non-ATP-Competitive Dual Inhibitor of JAK2 and BCR-ABL Kinases: Elucidation of a Novel Therapeutic Spectrum Based on Substrate Competitive Inhibition.|
Jatiani, SS; Cosenza, SC; Reddy, MV; Ha, JH; Baker, SJ; Samanta, AK; Olnes, MJ; Pfannes, L; Sloand, EM; Arlinghaus, RB; Reddy, EP
Genes & cancer 1 331-45 2010
Here we report the discovery of ON044580, an α-benzoyl styryl benzyl sulfide that possesses potent inhibitory activity against two unrelated kinases, JAK2 and BCR-ABL, and exhibits cytotoxicity to human tumor cells derived from chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and myelodysplasia (MDS) patients or cells harboring a mutant JAK2 kinase. This novel spectrum of activity is explained by the non-ATP-competitive inhibition of JAK2 and BCR-ABL kinases. ON044580 inhibits mutant JAK2 kinase and the proliferation of JAK2(V617F)-positive leukemic cells and blocks the IL-3-mediated phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT5. Interestingly, this compound also directly inhibits the kinase activity of both wild-type and imatinib-resistant (T315I) forms of the BCR-ABL kinase. Finally, ON044580 effectively induces apoptosis of imatinib-resistant CML patient cells. The apparently unrelated JAK2 and BCR-ABL kinases share a common substrate, STAT5, and such substrate competitive inhibitors represent an alternative therapeutic strategy for development of new inhibitors. The novel mechanism of kinase inhibition exhibited by ON044580 renders it effective against mutant forms of kinases such as the BCR-ABL(T315I) and JAK2(V617F). Importantly, ON044580 selectively reduces the number of aneuploid cells in primary bone marrow samples from monosomy 7 MDS patients, suggesting another regulatory cascade amenable to this agent in these aberrant cells. Data presented suggest that this compound could have multiple therapeutic applications including monosomy 7 MDS, imatinib-resistant CML, and myeloproliferative neoplasms that develop resistance to ATP-competitive agents.
|A novel model of SCID-X1 reconstitution reveals predisposition to retrovirus-induced lymphoma but no evidence of gammaC gene oncogenicity.|
Linda Scobie,Ralph D Hector,Louise Grant,Margaret Bell,Anne A Nielsen,Sharon Meikle,Adrian Philbey,Adrain Philbey,Adrian J Thrasher,Adrain J Thrasher,Ewan R Cameron,Karen Blyth,James C Neil
Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy 17 2009
The emergence of leukemia following gene transfer to restore common cytokine receptor gamma chain (gammaC) function in X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID-X1) has raised important questions with respect to gene therapy safety. To explore the risk factors involved, we tested the oncogenic potential of human gammaC in new strains of transgenic mice expressing the gene under the control of the CD2 promoter and locus control region (LCR). These mice demonstrated mildly perturbed T-cell development, with an increased proportion of thymic CD8 cells, but showed no predisposition to tumor development even on highly tumor prone backgrounds or after gamma-retrovirus infection. The human CD2-gammaC transgene rescued T and B-cell development in gammaC(-/-) mice but with an age-related delay, mimicking postnatal reconstitution in SCID-X1 gene therapy subjects. However, we noted that gammaC(-/-) mice are acutely susceptible to murine leukemia virus (MLV) leukemogenesis, and that this trait was not corrected by the gammaC transgene. We conclude that the SCID-X1 phenotype can be corrected safely by stable ectopic expression of gammaC and that the transgene is not significantly oncogenic when expressed in this context. However, an underlying predisposition conferred by the SCID-X1 background appears to collaborate with insertional mutagenesis to increase the risk of tumor development.Full Text Article
|Novel role for STAT-5B in the regulation of Hsp27-FGF-2 axis facilitating thrombin-induced vascular smooth muscle cell growth and motility.|
Cao, H; Dronadula, N; Rizvi, F; Li, Q; Srivastava, K; Gerthoffer, WT; Rao, GN
Circulation research 98 913-22 2006
Previously, we have demonstrated that STAT-3 plays a role in thrombin-induced VSMC motility. To learn more about the role of STATs in the mitogenic and chemotactic signaling events of thrombin, here we have studied the role of STAT-5. Thrombin activated STAT-5 as measured by its tyrosine phosphorylation, DNA binding, and reporter gene activity. Inhibition of STAT-5B, but not STAT-5A, by adenovirus-mediated expression of its respective dominant-negative mutants suppressed thrombin-induced VSMC growth and motility. Thrombin induced the expression of Hsp27 and FGF-2 in a time- and STAT-5B-dependent manner in VSMC. In addition, small interfering RNA-directed depletion of Hsp27 levels or adenovirus-mediated expression of its dominant-negative mutant attenuated thrombin-induced FGF-2 expression, growth, and motility of VSMC. An increased association of STAT-5B with STAT-3 occurred in response to thrombin and adenovirus-mediated expression of dnSTAT-3 suppressed thrombin-induced Hsp27 and FGF-2 induction, DNA synthesis and motility in VSMC. Together, these results indicate that thrombin-induced VSMC growth and motility require STAT-5B/STAT-3-dependent expression of Hsp27 and FGF-2. These observations also suggest that STAT-5B/STAT-3/Hsp27/FGF-2 signaling via its involvement in the regulation of VSMC growth and motility may play an important role in the pathogenesis of vascular diseases such as restenosis after angioplasty.
|Distinct pathways involving the FK506-binding proteins 12 and 12.6 underlie IL-2-versus IL-15-mediated proliferation of T cells.|
Dubois, S; Shou, W; Haneline, LS; Fleischer, S; Waldmann, TA; Müller, JR
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100 14169-74 2003
The molecular basis for the different roles of IL-2 and IL-15 in lymphocyte function has been poorly defined. Searching for differences that underlie the distinct T cell responses to the two cytokines, we observed a marked susceptibility of the IL-15-induced but not of the IL-2-induced proliferation to rapamycin despite a decrease of p70S6 kinase (p70S6K) activation by the drug in response to both cytokines. Activated splenic T lymphocytes deficient in the FK506-binding protein (FKBP) 12, a target of rapamycin activity, had reduced proliferation in response to IL-15 but not to IL-2. This decreased proliferation was accompanied by reduced activation of p70S6K and of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) after IL-15 treatment. In contrast to FKBP12-/- cells, splenic FKBP12.6-/- T cells exhibited a decreased proliferative response to IL-2 in the presence of rapamycin without affecting p70S6K or ERK activation. Thus, IL-15 induces T cell proliferation mainly via FKBP12-mediated p70S6K activation. In contrast, IL-2 signaling involves multiple pathways that include at least one additional pathway that depends on FKBP12.6.
|Convergence of progesterone and epidermal growth factor signaling in breast cancer. Potentiation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways|
Lange, C. A., et al
J Biol Chem, 273:31308-16 (1998) 1998
|Immunoprecipitation, Immunoblotting (Western)||9813039|
|The role of shared receptor motifs and common Stat proteins in the generation of cytokine pleiotropy and redundancy by IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-13, and IL-15.|
Lin, J X, et al.
Immunity, 2: 331-9 (1995) 1995
To understand the molecular bases for cytokine redundancy and pleiotropy, we have compared the Stat proteins activated in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) by cytokines with shared and distinct actions. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) rapidly activated Stat5 in fresh PBL, and Stat3 and Stat5 in preactivated PBL. IL-7 and IL-15 induced the same complexes as IL-2, a feature explained by the existence of similar tyrosine-phosphorylated motifs in the cytoplasmic domains of IL-2R beta and IL-7R that can serve as docking sites for Stat proteins. IL-13 Induced the same complexes as IL-4, a finding explained by our studies implicating IL-4R as a shared component of the receptors. These studies demonstrate that a single cytokine can activate different combinations of Stat proteins under different physiological conditions, and also indicate two mechanisms by which distinct cytokines can activate the same Stat protein.
|Characterization of the human interleukin-2 receptor beta-chain gene promoter: regulation of promoter activity by ets gene products.|
Lin, J X, et al.
Mol. Cell. Biol., 13: 6201-10 (1993) 1993
The interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) beta chain (IL-2R beta) is an essential signaling component of high- and intermediate-affinity IL-2Rs. Our laboratory previously reported that a DNA fragment containing 857 bp of 5'-flanking sequence of the human IL-2R beta gene exhibited promoter activity. We have now further characterized the promoter and delineated cis-acting regulatory regions. The region downstream of -363 is critical for basal and phorbol myristate acetate-inducible IL-2R beta promoter activity and contains at least three enhancer-like regions. Among them, the -56 to -34 enhancer was the most potent and had high-level activity in two T-cell lines but not in nonlymphoid HeLaS3 and MG63 cells. This enhancer contains a GGAA Ets binding site which bound two Ets family proteins, Ets-1 and GA-binding protein in vitro. Mutation of the Ets motif strongly diminished both promoter and enhancer activities. We conclude that this Ets binding site plays a key role in regulating basal and phorbol myristate acetate-inducible IL-2R beta promoter activity and may also contribute to tissue-specific expression of the IL-2R beta gene.
|JAK/STAT Signaling Research Focus|