Key Spec Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, M, R||ICC, IH(P), IP, WB||Rb||Affinity Purified||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||200 µg|
|Anti-Gab1, CT - 2453201||2453201|
|Anti-Gab1, CT - 16510||16510|
|Anti-Gab1, CT - 17382||17382|
|Anti-Gab1, CT - 18848||18848|
|Anti-Gab1, CT - 19913||19913|
|Anti-Gab1, CT - 1993920||1993920|
|Anti-Gab1, CT - 2200928||2200928|
|Anti-Gab1, CT - 22981||22981|
|Anti-Gab1, CT - 2344666||2344666|
|Reference overview||Application||Species||Pub Med ID|
|JAK2-V617F-induced MAPK activity is regulated by PI3K and acts synergistically with PI3K on the proliferation of JAK2-V617F-positive cells.|
Wolf, A; Eulenfeld, R; Gäbler, K; Rolvering, C; Haan, S; Behrmann, I; Denecke, B; Haan, C; Schaper, F
JAK-STAT 2 e24574 2013
The identification of a constitutively active JAK2 mutant, namely JAK2-V617F, was a milestone in the understanding of Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. The JAK2-V617F mutation confers cytokine hypersensitivity, constitutive activation of the JAK-STAT pathway, and cytokine-independent growth. In this study we investigated the mechanism of JAK2-V617F-dependent signaling with a special focus on the activation of the MAPK pathway. We observed JAK2-V617F-dependent deregulated activation of the multi-site docking protein Gab1 as indicated by constitutive, PI3K-dependent membrane localization and tyrosine phosphorylation of Gab1. Furthermore, we demonstrate that PI3K signaling regulates MAPK activation in JAK2-V617F-positve cells. This cross-regulation of the MAPK pathway by PI3K affects JAK2-V617F-specific target gene induction, erythroid colony formation, and regulates proliferation of JAK2-V617F-positive patient cells in a synergistically manner.
|Diminished functional role and altered localization of SHP2 in non-small cell lung cancer cells with EGFR-activating mutations.|
Furcht, CM; Muñoz Rojas, AR; Nihalani, D; Lazzara, MJ
Oncogene 32 2346-55, 2355.e1-10 2013
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells harboring activating mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tend to display elevated activity of several survival signaling pathways. Surprisingly, these mutations also correlate with reduced phosphorylation of ERK and SHP2, a protein tyrosine phosphatase required for complete ERK activation downstream of most receptor tyrosine kinases. As ERK activity influences cellular response to EGFR inhibition, altered SHP2 function could have a role in the striking response to gefitinib witnessed with EGFR mutation. Here, we demonstrate that impaired SHP2 phosphorylation correlates with diminished SHP2 function in NSCLC cells expressing mutant, versus wild-type, EGFR. In NSCLC cells expressing wild-type EGFR, SHP2 knockdown decreased ERK phosphorylation, basally and in response to gefitinib, and increased cellular sensitivity to gefitinib. In cells expressing EGFR mutants, these effects of SHP2 knockdown were less substantial, but the expression of constitutively active SHP2 reduced cellular sensitivity to gefitinib. In cells expressing EGFR mutants, which do not undergo efficient ligand-mediated endocytosis, SHP2 was basally associated with GRB2-associated binder 1 (GAB1) and EGFR, and SHP2's presence in membrane fractions was dependent on EGFR activity. Whereas EGF promoted a more uniform intracellular distribution of initially centrally localized SHP2 in cells expressing wild-type EGFR, SHP2 was basally evenly distributed and did not redistribute in response to EGF in cells with EGFR mutation. Thus, EGFR mutation may promote association of a fraction of SHP2 at the plasma membrane with adapters that promote SHP2 activity. Consistent with this, SHP2 immunoprecipitated from cells with EGFR mutation was active, and EGF treatment did not change this activity. Overall, our data suggest that a fraction of SHP2 is sequestered at the plasma membrane in cells with EGFR mutation in a way that impedes SHP2's ability to promote ERK activity and identify SHP2 as a potential target for co-inhibition with EGFR in NSCLC.
|Combined drug action of 2-phenylimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole derivatives on cancer cells according to their oncogenic molecular signatures.|
Furlan, Alessandro, et al.
PLoS ONE, 7: e46738 (2012) 2012
The development of targeted molecular therapies has provided remarkable advances into the treatment of human cancers. However, in most tumors the selective pressure triggered by anticancer agents encourages cancer cells to acquire resistance mechanisms. The generation of new rationally designed targeting agents acting on the oncogenic path(s) at multiple levels is a promising approach for molecular therapies. 2-phenylimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole derivatives have been highlighted for their properties of targeting oncogenic Met receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling. In this study, we evaluated the mechanism of action of one of the most active imidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazol-2-ylphenyl moiety-based agents, Triflorcas, on a panel of cancer cells with distinct features. We show that Triflorcas impairs in vitro and in vivo tumorigenesis of cancer cells carrying Met mutations. Moreover, Triflorcas hampers survival and anchorage-independent growth of cancer cells characterized by "RTK swapping" by interfering with PDGFRβ phosphorylation. A restrained effect of Triflorcas on metabolic genes correlates with the absence of major side effects in vivo. Mechanistically, in addition to targeting Met, Triflorcas alters phosphorylation levels of the PI3K-Akt pathway, mediating oncogenic dependency to Met, in addition to Retinoblastoma and nucleophosmin/B23, resulting in altered cell cycle progression and mitotic failure. Our findings show how the unusual binding plasticity of the Met active site towards structurally different inhibitors can be exploited to generate drugs able to target Met oncogenic dependency at distinct levels. Moreover, the disease-oriented NCI Anticancer Drug Screen revealed that Triflorcas elicits a unique profile of growth inhibitory-responses on cancer cell lines, indicating a novel mechanism of drug action. The anti-tumor activity elicited by 2-phenylimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole derivatives through combined inhibition of distinct effectors in cancer cells reveal them to be promising anticancer agents for further investigation.
|The angiotensin IV analog Nle-Tyr-Leu-psi-(CH2-NH2)3-4-His-Pro-Phe (norleual) can act as a hepatocyte growth factor/c-Met inhibitor.|
Yamamoto, BJ; Elias, PD; Masino, JA; Hudson, BD; McCoy, AT; Anderson, ZJ; Varnum, MD; Sardinia, MF; Wright, JW; Harding, JW
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics 333 161-73 2010
The angiotensin (Ang) IV analog norleual [Nle-Tyr-Leu-psi-(CH2-NH2)(3-4)-His-Pro-Phe] exhibits structural homology with the hinge (linker) region of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and is hypothesized to act as a hinge region mimic. Norleual competitively inhibited the binding of HGF to its receptor c-Met in mouse liver membranes, with an IC(50) value of 3 pM. Predictably, norleual was able to inhibit HGF-dependent signaling, proliferation, migration, and invasion in multiple cell types at concentrations in the picomolar range. Ex vivo studies demonstrated that norleual exhibited potent antiangiogenic activity, an attribute that would be predicted for a HGF/c-Met antagonist. Furthermore, norleual suppressed pulmonary colonization by B16-F10 murine melanoma cells, which are characterized by an overactive HGF/c-Met system. Together, these data suggest that AngIV analogs exert at least some of their biological activity through interference with the HGF/c-Met system and may have utility as therapeutic agents in disorders that are dependent on an intact HGF/c-Met system. Finally, the ability of norleual to induce marked biological responses in human embryonic kidney cells, which do not express insulin-responsive aminopeptidase (IRAP), coupled with the observed effects of norleual on the HGF/c-Met system, casts doubt on the physiological significance of AngIV-dependent inhibition of IRAP. [Corrected]Full Text Article
|Transforming signals resulting from sustained activation of the PDGFbeta receptor in mortal human fibroblasts.|
Petti, Lisa M, et al.
J. Cell. Sci., 121: 1172-82 (2008) 2008
The platelet-derived growth factor beta receptor (PDGFbetaR) plays an important role in proliferation and motility of fibroblasts. We have been investigating the effects of sustained PDGFbetaR activation in mortal human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs), which are typically difficult to transform. We have previously shown that the bovine papillomavirus E5 protein, through its ability to crosslink and constitutively activate the PDGFbetaR, induces morphological transformation, enhanced growth and loss of contact inhibition (focus formation) in HDFs. Here, we characterized two E5 mutants as being severely defective for focus formation but still competent for enhanced growth, suggesting that proliferation is insufficient for loss of contact inhibition. These E5 mutants were then used in a comparative study to distinguish the PDGFbetaR signaling intermediates required for the enhanced growth phenotype from those required for focus formation. Our data suggested that a PI 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT-cyclin D3 pathway, a Grb2-Gab1-SHP2 complex and JNK played a role in the enhanced growth phenotype. However, a SHP2-p66Shc-p190BRhoGAP complex and ROCK were implicated exclusively in focus formation. We speculate that a SHP2-p66Shc-p190BRhoGAP signaling complex recruited to the activated PDGFbetaR promotes a distinct Rho-dependent process required for focus formation but not growth of HDFs.
|Interaction between simian virus 40 large T antigen and insulin receptor substrate 1 is disrupted by the K1 mutation, resulting in the loss of large T antigen-mediated phosphorylation of Akt.|
Yu, Y; Alwine, JC
Journal of virology 82 4521-6 2008
The cellular kinase Akt is a key controller of cellular metabolism, growth, and proliferation. Many viruses activate Akt due to its beneficial effects on viral replication. We previously showed that wild-type (WT) simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen (TAg) inhibits apoptosis via the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling. Here we show that WT TAg expressed from recombinant adenoviruses in U2OS cells induced the phosphorylation of Akt at both T308 and S473. In contrast, Akt phosphorylation was eliminated by the K1 mutation (E107K) within the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) binding motif of TAg. This suggested that Akt phosphorylation may depend on TAg binding to Rb or one of its family members. However, in Rb-negative SAOS2 cells depleted of p107 and p130 by using small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs), WT TAg still mediated Akt phosphorylation. These results suggested that the K1 mutation affects another TAg function. WT-TAg-mediated phosphorylation of Akt was inhibited by a PI3K inhibitor, suggesting that the effects of TAg originated upstream of PI3K; thus, we examined the requirement for insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1), which binds and activates PI3K. Depletion of IRS1 by shRNAs abolished the WT-TAg-mediated phosphorylation of Akt. Immunoprecipitation studies showed that the known interaction between TAg and IRS1 is significantly weakened by the K1 mutation. These data indicate that the K1 mutation disrupts not only Rb binding but also IRS1 binding, contributing to the loss of activation of PI3K/Akt signaling.
|Coupling of Grb2 to Gab1 mediates hepatocyte growth factor-induced high intensity ERK signal required for inhibition of HepG2 hepatoma cell proliferation.|
Kondo, A; Hirayama, N; Sugito, Y; Shono, M; Tanaka, T; Kitamura, N
The Journal of biological chemistry 283 1428-36 2008
Activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway is a key factor in the regulation of cell proliferation by growth factors. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced cell cycle arrest in the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 requires strong activation of the ERK pathway. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of the activation. We constructed a chimeric receptor composed of the extracellular domain of the NGF receptor and the cytoplasmic domain of the HGF receptor (c-Met) and introduced a point mutation (N1358H) into the chimeric receptor, which specifically abrogates the direct binding of Grb2 to c-Met. The mutant chimeric receptor failed to mediate the strong activation of ERK, up-regulation of the expression of a Cdk inhibitor p16(INK4a) and inhibition of HepG2 cell proliferation by ligand stimulation. Moreover, the mutant receptor did not induce tyrosine phosphorylation of the docking protein Gab1. Knockdown of Gab1 using siRNA suppressed the HGF-induced strong activation of ERK and inhibition of HepG2 cell proliferation. These results suggest that coupling of Grb2 to Gab1 mediates the HGF-induced strong activation of the ERK pathway, which is required for the inhibition of HepG2 cell proliferation.
|Distinct requirements for Gab1 in Met and EGF receptor signaling in vivo.|
Schaeper, U; Vogel, R; Chmielowiec, J; Huelsken, J; Rosario, M; Birchmeier, W
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104 15376-81 2007
Gab1 is a multiadaptor protein that has been shown to be required for multiple processes in embryonic development and oncogenic transformation. Gab1 functions by amplifying signal transduction downstream of various receptor tyrosine kinases through recruitment of multiple signaling effectors, including phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Shp2. Until now, the functional significance of individual interactions in vivo was not known. Here we have generated knockin mice that carry point mutations in either the P13K or Shp2 binding sites of Gab1. We show that different effector interactions with Gab1 play distinct biological roles downstream of Gab1 during the development of different organs. Recruitment of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase by Gab1 is essential for EGF receptor-mediated embryonic eyelid closure and keratinocyte migration, and the Gab1-Shp2 interaction is crucial for Met receptor-directed placental development and muscle progenitor cell migration to the limbs. Furthermore, we investigate the dual association of Gab1 with the Met receptor. By analyzing knockin mice with mutations in the Grb2 or Met binding site of Gab1, we show that the requirements for Gab1 recruitment to Met varies in different biological contexts. Either the direct or the indirect interaction of Gab1 with Met is sufficient for Met-dependent muscle precursor cell migration, whereas both modes of interaction are required and neither is sufficient for placenta development, liver growth, and palatal shelf closure. These data demonstrate that Gab1 induces different biological responses through the recruitment of distinct effectors and that different modes of recruitment for Gab1 are required in different organs.Full Text Article
|Host adaptor proteins Gab1 and CrkII promote InlB-dependent entry of Listeria monocytogenes.|
Hong Sun,Yang Shen,Hatem Dokainish,Marina Holgado-Madruga,Albert Wong,Keith Ireton
Cellular microbiology 7 2005
The bacterial surface protein InlB mediates internalization of Listeria monocytogenes into mammalian cells through interaction with the host receptor tyrosine kinase, Met. InlB/Met interaction results in activation of the host phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase p85-p110, an event required for bacterial entry. p85-p110 activation coincides with tyrosine phosphorylation of the host adaptor Gab1, and formation of complexes between Gab1 and the p85 regulatory subunit of PI 3-kinase. When phosphorylated in response to agonists, Gab1 is known to recruit several Src-homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing proteins including p85, the tyrosine phosphatase Shp2 and the adaptor CrkII. Here, we demonstrate that Gab1.p85 and Gab1.CrkII complexes promote entry of Listeria. Overexpression of wild-type Gab1 stimulated entry, whereas Gab1 alleles unable to recruit all SH2 proteins known to bind wild-type Gab1 inhibited internalization. Further analysis with Gab1 alleles defective in binding individual effectors suggested that recruitment of p85 and CrkII are critical for entry. Consistent with this data, overexpression of wild-type CrkII stimulated bacterial uptake. Experiments with mutant CrkII alleles indicated that both the first and second SH3 domains of this adaptor participate in entry, with the second domain playing the most critical role. Taken together, these findings demonstrate novel roles for Gab1 and CrkII in Listeria internalization.
|Redundant roles for Met docking site tyrosines and the Gab1 pleckstrin homology domain in InlB-mediated entry of Listeria monocytogenes.|
Basar, T; Shen, Y; Ireton, K
Infection and immunity 73 2061-74 2005
The bacterial pathogen Listeria monocytogenes causes food-borne illnesses leading to gastroenteritis, meningitis, or abortion. Listeria induces its internalization into some mammalian cells through interaction of the bacterial surface protein InlB with host Met receptor tyrosine kinase. Binding of InlB leads to phosphorylation of Met and the adapter Gab1 and to activation of host phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase. The mammalian ligand of Met, hepatocyte growth factor, promotes cell motility and morphogenesis in a manner dependent on phosphorylation of two docking site tyrosines at positions 1349 and 1356 in the receptor's cytoplasmic tail. Here we determined if these tyrosines were essential for Listeria entry. A derivative of the human cell line T47D stably expressing a truncated Met lacking most of its cytoplasmic domain was unable to support InlB-mediated signaling or entry. Surprisingly, cells expressing mutant Met containing phenylalanine substitutions in both tyrosines 1349 and 1356 (MetYF) allowed entry and InlB-induced Gab1 phosphorylation. However, in contrast to the situation in cells expressing wild-type Met, Gab1 phosphorylation in MetYF cells required PI 3-kinase activity. The Gab1 pleckstrin homology (PH) domain was constitutively associated with the plasma membrane of cells in a PI 3-kinase-dependent manner. Overexpression of the PH domain blocked entry of Listeria into cells expressing MetYF but not into cells expressing wild-type Met. Taken together, these results indicate that the docking site tyrosines are dispensable for internalization when membrane localization of Gab1 is constitutive. Distinct pathways of recruitment by phosphorylated tyrosines in Met and PH domain ligands in the membrane are redundant for bacterial entry.Full Text Article