|Application||Goat anti-Rabbit IgG Antibody is an antibody against Rabbit IgG for use in ELISA, IP & WB.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Store at +2-8°C.|
|Material Size||2 mg|
Ficha datos de seguridad (MSDS)
|Cargo||Número de lote|
|GOAT ANTI-RABBIT IgG AFFINITY PURIFIED - 2450173||2450173|
|GOAT ANTI-RABBIT IgG -2667300||2667300|
|GOAT ANTI-RABBIT IgG -2700943||2700943|
|GOAT ANTI-RABBIT IgG -2724471||2724471|
|GOAT ANTI-RABBIT IgG -2770872||2770872|
|GOAT ANTI-RABBIT IgG AFFINITY PURIFIED - 2061441||2061441|
|GOAT ANTI-RABBIT IgG AFFINITY PURIFIED - 2291674||2291674|
|GOAT ANTI-RABBIT IgG AFFINITY PURIFIED -2488907||2488907|
|Visión general referencias||Pub Med ID|
|TGF-β is an inducer of ZEB1-dependent mesenchymal transdifferentiation in glioblastoma that is associated with tumor invasion. |
Joseph, JV; Conroy, S; Tomar, T; Eggens-Meijer, E; Bhat, K; Copray, S; Walenkamp, AM; Boddeke, E; Balasubramanyian, V; Wagemakers, M; den Dunnen, WF; Kruyt, FA
Cell death & disease 5 e1443 2014
Different molecular subtypes of glioblastoma (GBM) have been recently identified, of which the mesenchymal subtype is associated with worst prognoses. Here, we report that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is able to induce a mesenchymal phenotype in GBM that involves activation of SMAD2 and ZEB1, a known transcriptional inducer of mesenchymal transition in epithelial cancers. TGF-β exposure of established and newly generated GBM cell lines was associated with morphological changes, enhanced mesenchymal marker expression, migration and invasion in vitro and in an orthotopic mouse model. TGF-β-induced mesenchymal differentiation and invasive behavior was prevented by chemical inhibition of TGF-β signaling as well as small interfering RNA (siRNA)-dependent silencing of ZEB1. Furthermore, TGF-β-responding and -nonresponding GBM neurospheres were identified in vitro. Interestingly, nonresponding cells displayed already high levels of pSMAD2 and ZEB1 that could not be suppressed by inhibition of TGF-β signaling, suggesting the involvement of yet unknown mechanisms. These different GBM neurospheres formed invasive tumors in mice as well as revealed mesenchymal marker expression in immunohistochemical analyses. Moreover, we also detected distinct zones with overlapping pSMAD2, elevated ZEB1 and mesenchymal marker expression in GBM patient material, suggestive of the induction of local, microenvironment-dependent mesenchymal differentiation. Overall, our findings indicate that GBM cells can acquire mesenchymal features associated with enhanced invasive potential following stimulation by secretory cytokines, such as TGF-β. This property of GBM contributes to heterogeneity in this tumor type and may blur the boundaries between the proposed transcriptional subtypes. Targeting TGF-β or downstream targets like ZEB1 might be of potential benefit in reducing the invasive phenotype of GBM in a subpopulation of patients.
|An experimental study on the effect of safflower yellow on tendon injury-repair in chickens. |
Liu B, Luo C, Ouyang L, Mu S, Zhu Y, Li K, Zhan M, Liu Z, Jia Y, Lei W
The Journal of surgical research 169 e175-84. Epub 2011 Apr 29. 2011
|Iron oxide nanoparticle-induced epidermal growth factor receptor expression in human stem cells for tumor therapy. |
Tsai-Hua Chung,Jong-Kai Hsiao,Szu-Chun Hsu,Ming Yao,Yao-Chang Chen,Shih-Wei Wang,Mark Yen-Ping Kuo,Chung-Shi Yang,Dong-Ming Huang
ACS nano 5 2011
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles show promise as labels for cellular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the application of stem cell-based therapy. However, the unaddressed concerns about the impact of SPIO nanoparticles on stem cell attributes make the feasibility of SPIO labeling uncertain. Here, we show that the labeling of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with ferucarbotran can induce epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression. Labeled hMSCs with their overexpressed EGFR were attracted by tumorous EGF and more effectively migrated toward tumor than unlabeled cells, resulting in more potent intrinsic antitumor activity. Moreover, the captured binding of tumorous EGF by overexpressed EGFR of labeled hMSCs blocked EGF/EGFR signaling-derived tumor growth, tumorous angiogenesis, and tumorous VEGF expression also responsible for tumor progression and development. Our results show that the impact of SPIO nanoparticles on stem cell attributes is not necessarily harmful but can be cleverly used to be beneficial to stem cell-based therapy.
|Choline deficiency alters global histone methylation and epigenetic marking at the Re1 site of the calbindin 1 gene. |
Mehedint, MG; Niculescu, MD; Craciunescu, CN; Zeisel, SH
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 24 184-95 2010
Maternal choline availability is essential for fetal neurogenesis. Choline deprivation (CD) causes hypomethylation of specific CpG islands in genes controlling cell cycling in fetal hippocampus. We now report that, in C57BL/6 mice, CD during gestational days 12-17 also altered methylation of the histone H3 in E17 fetal hippocampi. In the ventricular and subventricular zones, monomethyl-lysine 9 of H3 (H3K9me1) was decreased by 25% (Pless than 0.01), and in the pyramidal layer, dimethyl-lysine 9 of H3 (H3K9me2) was decreased by 37% (Pless than 0.05). These changes were region specific and were not observed in whole-brain preparations. Also, the same effects of CD on H3 methylation were observed in E14 neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in culture. Changes in G9a histone methyltransferase might mediate altered H3K9me2,1. Gene expression of G9a was decreased by 80% in CD NPCs (Pless than 0.001). In CD, H3 was hypomethylated upstream of the RE1 binding site in the calbindin 1 promoter, and 1 CpG site within the calbindin1 promoter was hypermethylated. REST binding to RE1 (recruits G9a) was decreased by 45% (Pless than 0.01) in CD. These changes resulted in increased expression of calbindin 1 in CD (260%; Pless than 0.05). Thus, CD modulates histone methylation in NPCs, and this could underlie the observed changes in neurogenesis.Artículo Texto completo
|The inhibitory effect of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (Ferucarbotran) on osteogenic differentiation and its signaling mechanism in human mesenchymal stem cells. |
Chen YC, Hsiao JK, Liu HM, Lai IY, Yao M, Hsu SC, Ko BS, Chen YC, Yang CS, Huang DM
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 245 272-9. Epub 2010 Mar 22. 2010
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles are very useful for monitoring cell trafficking in vivo and distinguish whether cellular regeneration originated from an exogenous cell source, which is a key issue for developing successful stem cell therapies. However, the impact of SPIO labeling on stem cell behavior remains uncertain. Here, we show the inhibitory effect of Ferucarbotran, an ionic SPIO, on osteogenic differentiation and its signaling mechanism in human mesenchymal stem cells. Ferucarbotran caused a dose-dependent inhibition of osteogenic differentiation, abolished the differentiation at high concentration, promoted cell migration, and activated the signaling molecules, beta-catenin, a cancer/testis antigen, SSX, and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2). An iron chelator, desferrioxamine, suppressed all the above Ferucarbotran-induced actions, demonstrating an important role of free iron in the inhibition of osteogenic differentiation that is mediated by the promotion of cell mobilization, involving the activation of a specific signaling pathway. (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|The promotion of human mesenchymal stem cell proliferation by superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. |
Dong-Ming Huang,Jong-Kai Hsiao,Ying-Chun Chen,Li-Ying Chien,Ming Yao,Yin-Kai Chen,Bor-Sheng Ko,Szu-Chun Hsu,Lin-Ai Tai,Hui-Ying Cheng,Shih-Wei Wang,Chung-Shi Yang,Yao-Chang Chen
Biomaterials 30 2009
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles are very useful in cell imaging; meanwhile, however, biosafety concerns associated with their use, especially on therapeutic stem cells, have arisen. Most studies of biosafety issues focus on whether the nanoparticles have deleterious effects. Here, we report that Ferucarbotran, an ionic SPIO, is not toxic to human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) under the conditions of these experiments but instead increases cell growth. Ferucarbotran-promoted cell growth is due to its ability to diminish intracellular H2O2 through intrinsic peroxidase-like activity. Also, Ferucarbotran can accelerate cell cycle progression, which may be mediated by the free iron (Fe) released from lysosomal degradation and involves the alteration of Fe on the expression of the protein regulators of the cell cycle.
|Effect of body condition score of the dairy cow on the in vitro immune response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells to progesterone stimulation. |
Ohtsuka H, Murase Y, Ando T, Kohiruimaki M, Mukai M, Oikawa M, Petrovski KR, Morris S
J Vet Med Sci 71 549-53 2009
Immune function in cows is closely associated with their physical and hormonal conditions. In order to clarify the relationship between the body condition score (BCS) of lactating dairy cows and the immune response to progesterone (P(4)) in vitro, we examined whether lower BCS in dairy cows affects the responsiveness of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to P(4) added in to culture medium. Forty-two non-pregnant healthy Holstein dairy cows were examined at 61 to 120 days after calving. The cows were divided into the following two groups; Low BCS group (N=20), which had a BCS of less than 2.25, and a Control group (N=22), which had a BCS over 2.75. PBMCs were stimulated with P(4) (1 microg/mL) and/or phytohemagglutinin (PHA), and the levels of cytokine mRNA were analyzed. In the Low BCS group, a significantly lower IFN-gamma level was stimulated by PHA only compared with the Control group. The combination of P(4) and PHA significant decreased the IFN-gamma/IL-4 ratio in the Control group, but this reaction was not found in the Low BCS group. Our data indicated that expression of IFN-gamma mRNA was basically lower in the low BCS dairy cows and that addition of P(4) did not suppress the cellular immune function in these cows. In this study, we observed that P(4) reduced the cellular immune response in the adequate BCS cows, whereas immunosuppression by P(4) was not found in the PBMCs of the low BCS cows, which already had a lower level of immune function.
|Recovery from chronic demyelination by thyroid hormone therapy: myelinogenesis induction and assessment by diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging. |
Harsan, LA; Steibel, J; Zaremba, A; Agin, A; Sapin, R; Poulet, P; Guignard, B; Parizel, N; Grucker, D; Boehm, N; Miller, RH; Ghandour, MS
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 28 14189-201 2008
The failure of the remyelination processes in multiple sclerosis contributes to the formation of chronic demyelinated plaques that lead to severe neurological deficits. Long-term cuprizone treatment of C57BL/6 mice resulted in pronounced white matter pathology characterized by oligodendrocyte depletion, irreversible demyelination and persistent functional deficits after cuprizone withdrawal. The use of a combination of in vivo diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI) and histological analyses allowed for an accurate longitudinal assessment of demyelination. Injection of triiodothyronine (T(3)) hormone over a 3 week interval after cuprizone withdrawal progressively restored the normal DT-MRI phenotype accompanied by an improvement of clinical signs and remyelination. The effects of T(3) were not restricted to the later stages of remyelination but increased the expression of sonic hedgehog and the numbers of Olig2(+) and PSA-NCAM(+) precursors and proliferative cells. Our findings establish a role for T(3) as an inducer of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells in adult mouse brain following chronic demyelination.
|Goat anti-Rabbit IgG - Data Sheet|